Why uric acid is elevated in the blood. How to downgrade at home?

Elevated uric acid in the blood can be a cause or an indicator of many diseases. And although only according to the result of the analysis, it would be wrong to make a diagnosis without consulting the doctor. But to have some information about what uric acid is, why it increases, and how to lower the level of uric acid in the blood is still worth it.

Table of Contents:
  • Definition of
  • Norm
  • Reasons Why Uric Acid Is Increased in Blood
  • Consequences of Increased Uric Acid
  • How to reduce uric acid in the blood?
  • What can not be eaten with elevated uric acid?
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Definition of

Uric acid is a product of the cleavage of purines. Some purines enter the body through food, as they are found in anchovies, red meat, beer, and other foods. But most of them already exist in the body, being part of DNA and RNA.They are allocated due to cell death.

Uric acid is continuously synthesized and removed from the body. Most of it is produced and located in the liver, and it is excreted through the kidneys with urination. If any of the metabolic processes associated with the participation of uric acid is disturbed, this substance may accumulate in excess in the blood in the form of sodium salts. In high concentrations, these compounds have a damaging effect on the tissues, so it is desirable not to allow an increased content of uric acid in the blood.

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Norm

Uric acid is constantly present in small quantities in the bloodstream, therefore, in order to conclude that the level of uric acid in the blood increases or decreases, it is necessary to become familiar with the reference( optimal) values. They differ for men, women and children, but in any case are measured in μmol / l:

  • Males: 200-420;
  • Women: 140-340;
  • Children up to 14 years: 110-320.

The result of the analysis, in addition to age, can be affected by stress, physical activity, a peculiar diet, medication, etc. In order to obtain an adequate assessment of blood, it is necessary to pass an analysis on an empty stomach, in the morning, avoiding at least half an hour before the blood is donated.

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Reasons why uric acid is elevated in blood

A condition in which uric acid is elevated in blood is called hyperuricemia. The most common causes of increased uric acid in the blood are as follows:

  • High cell death or insufficient renewal of cells;
  • Isolation of uric acid from the kidneys into the blood due to insufficient filtration of its cells.

If uric acid is elevated, the causes may be hiding in one of these diseases:

  1. Oncology;
  2. Chemotherapy;
  3. Renal failure;
  4. Acute heart failure;
  5. Anemia;
  6. Lead poisoning;
  7. Down Syndrome;
  8. Hypothyroidism;
  9. , etc.

Optional uric acid rises as a result of the disease. Hard diets with an excess amount of fructose also affect the increase in acid in the blood, especially for high blood urea in women. Hyperuricemia can be caused by a sports lifestyle, since it accelerates the breakdown of tissues. Hereditary disorders also play a significant role( for example, Hodgkin's disease, Lesch-Nyhan).

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Consequences of the increased level of uric acid

We have already considered the reasons for the accumulation of sodium salts of this acid in the blood. Now consider the risk of which diseases increases with a high level of uric acid.

Uric acid testing is often prescribed to diagnose gout when a person complains of joint pain, especially often on the big toe.

  1. Gout

In this disease, the synthesis of uric acid is carried out in excess. Such a metabolic failure primarily affects the kidneys, then the work of the joints deteriorates and new tissues and organs are involved.

Gout has existed for many years, and was once called the disease of the kings by the people, because among its causes are immense consumption of food and alcohol. Now gout is not so common, and the basic principles of its treatment are a thorough review of nutrition with elevated uric acid in the blood.

  1. Arterial hypertension

Arterial hypertension is characterized by an increased pressure at rest, which is observed several times a day. Despite the fact that the mechanism of the onset of this disease has not yet been elucidated, it has been proven that already in the second stage of hypertension there is a high level of uric acid in the blood. At the same time, it is still difficult to determine what causes and what the consequence: hypertension or uric acid.

  1. Endocrine diseases

Diabetes mellitus is associated with metabolic disorders, including the destruction of cells, purine is released from them, and excess uric acid is produced.

Another disease of the endocrine organs, acromegaly, in addition to increased levels of uric acid, is accompanied by an increase in some parts of the body.

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How to reduce uric acid in the blood?

After detecting high uric acid in the blood as a result of the analysis, the doctor will prescribe a treatment aimed at relieving inflammation, if you have painful sensations, and at eliminating the very root cause of this deviation.

To prevent the risk of developing gout, you need a comprehensive treatment that includes: an

  • diet with elevated uric acid in the blood;
  • drug therapy;
  • weight normalization;
  • redefining your lifestyle;
  • reduced alcohol consumption;
  • regular blood testing for uric acid.

Before lowering uric acid in the blood, using home methods, consult your doctor to coordinate your joint work.

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What can not be eaten with elevated uric acid?

As mentioned above, a certain amount of purines, from which uric acid is released, comes with food. The supply of purines to the gastrointestinal tract should be minimized. Most of them are in:

  • Red fish;
  • Meat;
  • Bird;

If you do not know how to reduce the level of uric acid in the blood, start by reducing the consumption of meat and fish to once a day, it is also useful to take one or two days without any breaks in meat. You can replace it with legumes, cereals, eggs.

At the time of normalization of blood tests, it is better to completely give up:

  • Liver, kidney, rabbit and deer meat;
  • Crab, herring, shrimp, sprat, caviar;
  • Beer, strong alcohol, cauliflower, beans, mushrooms.

After you have learned how to limit your diet, taking into account which foods contain uric acid, you should pay special attention to reducing the consumption of sugar, flour sweets, mayonnaise, jams, preservatives and frozen convenience foods.

In spite of the fact that fructose promotes the increase of uric acid salts, it is impossible to refuse fruit in any case. As such, fructose is there in a diluted form, and in addition to it, fresh fruit contains a large amount of trace elements, vitamins, fiber and antioxidants.

The daily ration is best divided into 5-6 servings, they should include dairy products, cereals, vegetables and fruits, as well as at least 2 liters of water, because the water balance is also very important with this diet.

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