Causes and symptoms of low hemoglobin in infants

Infants are scheduled for blood tests. This is necessary in order to monitor the health of the baby and respond to existing deviations in time. One of the most important indicators of blood is hemoglobin. This is a compound of protein and iron in red blood cells.

Its two main functions are the transportation of oxygen through all organs and tissues, as well as the removal of carbon dioxide from the body. This indicator is extremely important for the normal functioning, development and functioning of the organism as a whole, therefore pediatricians carefully study its level. Unfortunately, anemia or low hemoglobin in an infant is quite common. Many parents know this concept, but not many know what it means if hemoglobin is lowered, what are the manifestations of this disease and how to deal with it.

Table of Contents:
  • Hemoglobin Norm in Children Under One Year of
  • Symptoms of Reduced Hemogt in Hemoglobin Baby
  • Why a Child Has Low Hemoglobin
  • How to Increase Hemoglobin in an
Infant Back to Table of Contentsfigure, you need to know what hemoglobin is normal in an infant. Figures may vary as a baby grows up and in connection with its individual characteristics. Below we consider the standard hemoglobin values ​​for children in the first year of life, measured in grams per liter of blood( g / l).
  • the first 3 days old - from 145 to 225 g / l;
  • 1st week - from 135 to 215 g / l;
  • Week 2 - from 125 to 205 g / l;
  • 1 month. - from 100 to 180 g / l;
  • 2 months - from 90 to 140 g / l;
  • 3-6 months. - from 95 to 135 g / l;
  • 6-12 months. - from 100 to 140 g / l.

A child is born with a certain amount of iron reserves, if in the womb he received a sufficient amount of iron, therefore the norms are raised from the very birth. Although small deviations from the limiting values ​​do occur, nevertheless, doctors state low hemoglobin in a child under one year if the level does not reach 100 g / l.

If the child is fully breastfed, the mother is given iron-containing drugs and food, if artificially, then the child is recommended special additives. After that, it is mandatory to submit a control analysis to track the dynamics. But even before passing the analysis, attentive mom can see improvements if you know the signs of low hemoglobin in a child.

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Symptoms of low hemoglobin in infantsBut there are clear symptoms suggesting a possible progression of anemia.
  • pale and yellowish skin;
  • dryness and peeling of the skin;
  • fragility and dryness of hair and nails;
  • dark lips and under-eye circles;
  • heart palpitations;
  • lethargy, drowsiness, fatigue;
  • frequent stomach upsets and colic;
  • unreasonable increase to body C;
  • lagging behind peers in physical and brain development.
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Why a child has low hemoglobin

A variety of factors can serve as reasons for reduced hemoglobin in a child. Alone, it may be still in prenatal development if:

  • the expectant mother suffered from anemia;
  • during pregnancy, the woman had iron deficiency;
  • if the fetus had any internal pathology;
  • and also, if during childbirth, the crumb lost a lot of blood( eg due to a ruptured umbilical cord or premature detachment of the placenta).

With a good deal, reserves of iron and other useful substances accumulated in the mother’s womb should be enough for the child to develop for 6 months. Then hemoglobin decreases, and the child should receive all the necessary elements with good nutrition. The most common causes of decreased hemoglobin in infants are:

  • Malnutrition. When breastfeeding, the level of hemoglobin should be maintained at the expense of mother's milk, which means that it should be enough of those substances that the baby needs. When artificial feeding, the mixture must be selected correctly, and must be enriched with trace elements. When supplements are administered, the baby’s diet should be varied. Cases where low hemoglobin occurs in a one-year-old child and older children are not rare, this may mean a lack of children's menu of meat, fish dishes, as well as fruits, vegetables and greens.
  • Iron is not absorbed. Strange as it may sound, but there are cases when low hemoglobin, iron is normal, it can be at low iron-binding ability of blood. Parents should understand that feeding only iron-containing foods will not work, because iron may not be absorbed due to the lack of other minerals and vitamins, such as copper and manganese. Also, anemia can occur due to a lack of folic acid( B9) and vitamin B12, as well as ascorbic acid.
  • Improper lifestyle of a child can affect hemoglobin. Rare stay in the fresh air, lack of physical activity and development leads to metabolic disorders. And, on the contrary, excessively heavy and heavy loads for a child day after day can lead to the same problem.
  • And another reason why anemia can develop is the uncontrolled, self-intake of certain medications. These things need to be taken seriously; young children should be given medicines only by prescription.
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How to increase hemoglobin in an infant

If a mother has a suspicion of a malfunction in the body before testing, you should inform your leading pediatrician, who will suggest blood donation and, if necessary, tell you how to increase hemoglobin in infants.

Ways to increase hemoglobin in an infant directly depend on the cause of the condition. Treatment and therapy is developed by the doctor individually. Consider the basic measures that need to be taken and what you need to eat to increase the hemoglobin of the child.

  1. Pregnant women and nursing mothers should take a sufficient amount of healthy food or vitamin complexes with iron as prescribed by a doctor.
  2. Under artificial feeding, carefully approach the choice of infant formula, it is better to consult a pediatrician.
  3. During the introduction of complementary foods, the child’s menu should be as balanced as possible.
  4. The baby's diet should be saturated with iron-containing foods: meat, liver, buckwheat, beets, apples, as well as apple and pomegranate juices. And do not forget about foods that help digest the gland, these include berries, citrus fruits and kiwi, as well as green vegetables and greens.
  5. In more advanced cases, infants are prescribed iron supplements in the form of drops or solutions and offer hospitalization.

What is the danger of low hemoglobin in infants is a concern for all moms. So, lowering its level in the baby’s blood can lead to a lack of oxygen, that is, hypoxia, which in turn inhibits the child’s physical and mental development.

For other analysis indicators, see the following articles:

  • ESR in the blood of children
  • What do the blood platelets in the child show

Women, take care of yourself while carrying a little man, and monitor the health of the baby after his birth. Be healthy!