Elevated red blood cells, what does this mean and what are the causes?

Erythrocytes are the most numerous and plastic blood atoms or red blood cells whose main role is the elimination of carbon dioxide and oxygenation of all organs, systems and tissues from the body. Red blood cells are counted in the blood in the laboratory, after a person undergoes a complete blood count. For a correct assessment of the indicator, hemoglobin level and the value of the color indicator must be determined.

The number of red blood cells is an important indicator of health, it can be used to judge the status of the hematopoietic system, as well as to identify various pathologies or detect hidden bleeding. The increase of red blood cells in the blood is a fairly common condition in medical practice and is called erythrocytosis. Red blood cells are higher than normal, what it means, what can be associated with deviations and what to do to adjust the basic blood parameters, we will discuss in the article.

Table of Contents:
  • Erythrocyte Norm
  • Reasons for Red Blood Cells Elevated
  • What to do if
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Erythrocyte Norm

In order to state an increased red blood cell count, erythrocyte number of erythrocytes is

In order to state an increased red blood cell count, erythrocytes need to increase the red blood cell count. The rates of red blood cells vary, depending on gender and age. So, below we can imagine how many red blood cells in a healthy person is considered acceptable:

  • Women: from 3.5 to 4.5x1012 per liter;
  • Pregnant women: from 3 to 3.5 x 1012 / l;
  • Males: 4 to 5.4 x1012 / l;
  • Elderly: from 3 to 4x1012 / l;
  • Children:
  • newborns: from 4.3 to 7.6 x 1012 / l;
  • thoracic: from 3.8 to 5.6 x 1012 / l;
  • up to 12 years: from 3.5 to 4.7 h1012 / l.

An increased amount of red blood cells in the blood may signal dehydration or other serious disorders that pose a risk to human health.

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The reasons why red blood cells are elevated

Erythrocytosis can manifest itself for physiological, pathological reasons, and the condition can be false.

Most often, a false increase in red blood cells is associated with dehydration and a lack of fluid in the body. This happens if a person has vomiting or diarrhea for a long time, if a large amount of moisture is lost in hot weather, and it also evaporates during heavy physical exertion, often in athletes. This condition does not require special treatment, and as a rule, the indicators themselves return to normal after normalization of the water balance in the body.

Physiological factors include:

  • frequent mental and physical overload;
  • stress and emotional instability;
  • accommodation in highlands, where oxygen deficiency is observed;
  • toxic effects of toxic substances on the body, in particular electroplating elements or aniline dyes.

Due to the above factors, the body has the ability to adapt to specific conditions and increased spending, so in certain situations, an elevated red blood cell count is considered to be a human physiological feature and does not require medical intervention. Indicators are improving when living conditions or lifestyle change.

Pathological disorders that lead to an increase in the level of red blood cells in the blood are usually associated with:

  • increased production of red cells in the bone marrow;
  • pathological conditions of the kidneys;
  • oxygen starvation.

A condition when an increased amount of red blood cells in the blood is produced in the bone marrow is called "erythremia."This disease belongs to the category of tumor, is very slow and often asymptomatic. However, with the progression of the disease, there is a risk of blood thickening and the formation of blood clots, clot and congestion in the vessels. The true causes of the occurrence of the disease in modern medicine are not known, and it is poorly amenable to drug treatment.

If erythrocytes are elevated, the causes may lurk in the disruption of the kidneys, adrenal glands and some renal diseases. After all, these organs are responsible for the disposal of old blood cells, which means that the increased number of red blood cells is associated with a low rate of their decomposition. One of the probable causes may be a kidney tumor or chronic renal failure.

Lack of oxygen in organs and tissues can be observed with:

  • congenital heart defects;
  • in lung diseases( chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, etc.).
  • red blood cells increase in an adult as a result of smoking, when carbon dioxide from tobacco smoke suppresses oxygen molecules.

If you pass a blood test, deciphering its results will not be so difficult even without the help of a doctor. If the level of red blood cells has increased in relation to the norm, the analysis will indicate "RBC erythrocytes increased."Thus, the amount of hemoglobins is referred to as HGB.Other red blood cell indicators encountered in blood tests are RDW, MCV.

RBC characterizes the total number of red blood cells, RDW explores another important value - the size and volume of red blood cells, MCV refers to the average distribution of red blood cells in the blood volume( usually in a microliter).

If, as a result of testing, you have learned that red blood cells and lymphocytes are elevated in the blood, this may indicate that the body is saturated with toxins as a result of bacterial and viral diseases. Dehydration, leukemia and other lymphoproliferative diseases of the bone marrow can also be the cause of this indicator as a result of the analysis.

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What to do in case of an increase in

Of course, the first and main action in treating a deviation will be the detection and elimination of the disease that caused it. It is better to provide treatment with pharmaceutical routes to a doctor, but we, on our part, can provide prophylactic agents.

  1. Drink more quality water.

Chlorine contained in tap water and not purified by special methods can cause an increase in red blood cells. The same can be said about carbonated beverages in quantities greater than 2 liters.

  1. Eat natural foods.

Fruits and vegetables are good because they are rich in microelements and vitamins. In order for red blood cells to not only form in the right quantity, but also in the desired shape and size, you need to add these foods to your diet.

  1. Get tested regularly.

Of course, it is easier to prevent a disease than to cure it. Therefore, a regular sober assessment of one's health can be beneficial for everyone. Timely detection of pathologies allows you to conduct an effective treatment and prevent recurrence.

Take care of yourself, take the time to undergo periodic surveys!