The rate and deviations from her lymphocytes in the blood test in a woman
To find out quite extensive information on the content of various blood cells and their varieties, a person needs to donate blood for clinical research. Among all blood parameters, considerable attention is paid to the level of lymphocytes, because this is the most important indicator of the patient's immune status. Therefore, determining the number of this category of blood cells is an important part in the primary diagnosis of viral, infectious and inflammatory diseases.
- Norm of lymphocytes in the blood of women
- Causes when lymphocytes are elevated in a woman of
Norm of lymphocytes in the blood of women and men of mature age may differ slightly. And since women are more susceptible to various hormonal changes, the composition of the blood also undergoes small fluctuations, so they need to more carefully and reverently monitor certain components and monitor their well-being. The cells of lymphocytes, which are the main part of the protective, barrier and immune functions of the body, deserve close attention. How to pass a blood test for lymphocytes, the norm in women, why there are deviations up or down, let's sort it all in order.
Norm of lymphocytes in the blood of women
Lymphocytes are a type of leukocyte series, they are the first to detect the "alien", pathogenic components in the blood and trigger a protective reaction, forming special antibodies.
Lymphocytes are measured as a percentage, relative to the total number of "protective" leukocyte cells. The representatives of the weaker sex, from the age of majority and throughout life, the rate of lymphocytes remains unchanged and should be in the range from 20 to 37%.According to other data, lymphocytes 40 in women still fall within the established framework and are considered normal for important immune cells. Less commonly, the parameter of their absolute content in 1 liter of blood is estimated. The indicator is considered normal if the number of cells is in the range from 1.0 to 4.5 * 109 / l.
For small girls and young girls, the level of lymphocytes may vary slightly as they get older. Therefore, the doctor assesses the indicator according to the following standards:
- in newborns in the first 3 days of life - 15-25% or 0.8-5 * 109 U / l;
- 4-7 days old-40-42% or 3.9-6 * 109 / l;
- from 7th day to 8-9 years-45-70% or 4.0-8.0 * 109 / l;
- from 10 years old to 17-20-45% or 0.8-5.5 * 109 / l.
The number of lymphocytes is sometimes reflected in hormonal changes, disruptions of the menstrual cycle, and pregnancy in a woman.
Almost always lymphocytes are lowered during pregnancy in the blood, their level varies from 16 to 18%.This is a fully justified condition, since the baby’s embryo for the immune system is a kind of “outsider”, as it is formed from genetic material not only of the mother, but also of the father. The reduced value of lymphocytes in carrying a child does not carry any threat and harm is not for the mother not for the baby. But still, all pregnant women are strongly recommended to more carefully watch over their health and take care of themselves, because the immune system is very vulnerable during this period.to contents ↑
Causes when lymphocytes are elevated in a woman
A condition when an increased number of lymphocytes in a woman’s blood is found, namely more than 3.6-4.5 billion cells per liter, is called lymphocytosis.
The causes of elevated lymphocytes in the blood of women are quite diverse. Most often, pronounced lymphocytosis is observed in diseases of viral and infectious etiology, among them are viral hepatitis, rubella, measles, influenza, chickenpox, mononucleosis, etc.
However, this is not the only reason why lymphocytes are elevated in the blood of a woman, here are some more reasons:
- hormonal disorders;
- spleen removal;
- chemical poisoning( lead, arsenic, carbon disulfide, etc.);
- bacterial lesions( syphilis, whooping cough, tuberculosis);
- use of "strong" drugs( narcotic and non-narcotic painkillers, valporic acid, etc.);
- blood cancer( lymphocytic leukemia, lymphoblastic leukemia), while the analysis shows not only an increased content of lymphocytes in the blood of women, but also a distortion of their structure, structure and forms.
The most frequently diagnosed reactive lymphocytosis, this condition often occurs against the background of acute or chronic viral infections, in which there is a disturbance in the normal functioning of the immune system.
The increase in lymphocytes in the blood of women due to the formation of a tumor in the body is called malignant lymphocytosis.
With insufficient nutrition, deficiency in the body of some important elements, as well as as a result of surgical intervention, relative lymphocytosis can be detected, but if absolute lymphocytosis is not detected, this condition may be a normal variant. Therefore, for example, lymphocytes 46 in women may not always mean pathology.
Thus, an increased level of lymphocytes in the blood of women may be a signal of the development of dangerous states, but in some cases minor deviations are permissible.
Often, an increase in the level of lymphocytes is accompanied by an increase in lymph nodes, spleen and liver. But, mainly the symptoms depend on the disease that provoked changes in the hematopoietic system.
As a rule, lymphocytosis will be safely eliminated by timely visit to a doctor and treatment of the main pathological process.
Periodically donate blood for research, monitor your performance and be healthy!