The rate of platelets during pregnancy. How to raise low
During pregnancy, the expectant mother’s blood is analyzed several times for compliance with the established platelet count. If it turns out that platelets are lowered during pregnancy, thrombocytopenia is diagnosed and there is a need to carry out treatment and normalize this indicator. We will tell you here and now about what causes a decrease in platelets during pregnancy, what threatens mother and child and what needs to be done.
But first you need to understand what platelets are all about and why they are important.
- Causes of
- How to increase blood platelets during pregnancy?
- Consequences of low
- Elevated platelets during pregnancy
Platelets are flat, non-nuclear blood cells. Their membrane is able to trap bacteria and foreign cells, as well as destroy them, which indicates the protective function of platelets. But the main thing is that these cells stop the bleeding, forming a crust on the damaged vessels, the so-called gore. In addition, platelets nourish and restore blood vessels. They are synthesized in the bone marrow, function for about 10 days, and are destroyed in the spleen.
A condition where platelet count decreases is called thrombocytopenia.to contents ↑
Childbearing permits some reduction in platelets. This happens more often in the third semester, when the blood volume increases, and consequently, the concentration of platelets decreases. The discrepancy can reach 20% of the normal platelet during pregnancy, and not be considered a violation. In addition, the level of these cells varies throughout the day, so it is important to pass the analysis in the morning on an empty stomach.
The rate of platelets in pregnant women is 150-450 million cells per milliliter of blood. It is important to keep track of these numbers for the entire duration, otherwise both the mother and the child are at risk for complications. In the case when the indicator has stepped over a line of 100 million cells / ml, a caesarean section may be denied due to the fact that there is a big risk of severe, difficult to stop bleeding.
The main causes of low blood platelets during pregnancy are as follows:
This is an autoimmune disease in which blood cells are mistaken for extraneous or old and destroyed inside the body.
- Acceptance of some drugs
Medicines designed to thin the blood inevitably provoke low platelets during pregnancy. Asdduring pregnancy?
Most medications used to increase platelets are prohibited for pregnant women to use.
If the patient has already significantly developed thrombocytopenia, the doctor may recommend a thromboconcentrate transfusion procedure. Blood, saturated with platelets, is fed into the body of a pregnant woman, this will not only increase the level of cells, but also stimulate their further production.
- We monitor nutrition
When thrombocytopenia during pregnancy, it is recommended to eat foods rich in vitamin C( black currant, raspberry, wild rose, citrus fruits, bell pepper, sauerkraut, etc.), as well as eat fish, meat and beets to improve qualityblood. Read more about nutrition to raise a platelet at http: //vseproanalizy.ru/
Astragalus fluffy flowering helps normalize platelet levels even after chemotherapy.
- Do not forget about vitamins
Future moms should be given special vitamin and trace element complexes, of which zinc and B vitamins play an important role. Zinc deficiency can entail, in addition to thrombocytopenia, pathology and congenital deformity of the fetus.
Before you raise blood platelets during pregnancy, it is imperative that you consult with your doctor. Changes in lifestyle and medication may affect the mother and baby.to contents ↑
Consequences of low level
- HELLP Syndrome
A rare disease accompanied by high blood pressure, pain in the head and upper abdomen, nausea and protein in the urine.
- . Internal bleeding in a child.
- . The reduction of platelets in the fetus serves as a reason for elective caesarean section.
- Bleeding during childbirth
- Spontaneous abortion
If the expectant mother has little platelets in the blood of pregnant women, there is a risk of miscarriage in the first 6 months.
- Preterm birth
This applies mostly to expectant mothers during the second half of pregnancy.
If a girl has a chronic disease associated with low platelet count, which is characterized by difficult treatment and frequent relapses, there is a chance that remission will occur during pregnancy. However, pregnancy is still undesirable.to contents ↑
Elevated platelets during pregnancy
Thrombocytosis is the opposite condition to thrombocytopenia, characterized by an increase in platelets above 450 k / µl. It is obvious that a deviation in the other direction also does not entail anything good for the future mother and baby.
For the causes of thrombocytosis, read the link http: //vseproanalizy.ru/ trombotsitoz.html
Elevated platelets during pregnancy are usually associated with a lack of water consumed, frequent vomiting and diarrhea. Such symptoms are considered natural, but we cannot exclude the possibility of the emergence of a complex and dangerous disease, which is reflected in the level of platelets.
For this, one should undergo a series of examinations, including a coagulogram. For example, venous and arterial thrombosis caused by antiphospholipid syndrome, can be a reason for miscarriage.
In thrombocytosis, red spots appear on the skin.
Platelet aggregation during pregnancy is another criterion for blood status. It characterizes the ability of blood cells, joining each other, to form layers and overlap wounds. Its normal rate for platelets is 30-60%.
If a pregnant woman is less than normal, the condition is called hypoaggregation. Symptoms, causes and treatment corresponds to thrombocytopenia( low platelet count during pregnancy).
If aggregation is increased, platelet hyperaggregation during pregnancy is diagnosed, which corresponds to thrombocytosis, increased blood viscosity and the risk of blood clots.
. If during pregnancy the platelets are increased or decreased, it is necessary to take a series of measures aimed at stabilizing their level.
We hope you have received basic information about the level of platelets during pregnancy and how to treat abnormalities.
Ask your questions in the comments, as well as share useful tips with other readers.
God bless you!