Norma soe in the analysis of blood in women

  • January 05, 2019
  • InEsr

Science has been researching human blood for a long time. Today, in any modern clinic, based on the results of a blood test, it is possible to identify the general condition of the body, existing problems or inflammatory processes. One of the most important indicators that doctors pay attention to is the ESR( or erythrocyte sedimentation rate).You may have noticed in the laboratory that blood is exfoliated in a test tube: concentrated red is located at the bottom of the test tube and is more transparent from above, so the sediment is red blood cells, and their sedimentation rate is measured in mm / hAccording to this parameter, it is possible to make conditional conclusions on the state of health and on the existing physiological or pathological processes. The rate of ESR in the blood of women, children and men is different. But sex is not the only factor that affects blood counts. The rate of ESR in women by age varies. So, what is ESR in the blood, how is the analysis performed and what is the norm of ESR in the blood of women is the topic of our article.

Table of contents:
  • What is the rate of ESR in women?
  • Increased or underestimated indicator of ESR.

. What is an analysis of ESR.Further, to determine the ESR in the blood using one of the methods: Vastergrena or Panchenkova. The principle of these methods is similar, the differences are noticeable only at an increased sedimentation rate. The bottom line is that a special substance( anticoagulant) is placed in an analysis tube, which prevents blood from clotting. Then leave the tube in an upright position for an hour. Further, when the red blood cells settle, consider what amount in mm of plasma fluid has separated. The boundary between the plasma and the red blood cells in the test tube will be the level of the ESR.

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What is the rate of ESR in women?

The erythrocyte sedimentation rate, the norm in women is a rather relative concept, because it can depend on various circumstances: general health, hormonal fluctuations, and so on. But, on average, an ESR is normally considered to be from 2 to 20 millimeters per hour. This is usually more than men. But do not forget that the level of ESR in the blood, the norm in women varies with age. We can distinguish the following indicators of the norm by age:

  • Women aged 18 to 30 - from 4 to 15( mm / h);
  • Women during pregnancy - 20-45( mm / h);
  • Women from 30 to 50-60 years: from 8 to 25( mm / h)
  • For women after 50 years of ESR, the rate ranges from 12 to 52( mm / h).

During pregnancy, the indicators tend to increase, and they can also vary depending on the state of the pregnancy, the state of health, as well as the constitution and constitution of the expectant mother.

ESR 10-12 - this is the optimal limit for a healthy woman whose body is fully formed and there are no other provoking factors.

ESR 20-30 in a woman, what does this mean? This moderately high figure may indicate an interesting situation or current menstruation. If neither is present, then perhaps this may indicate an initial stage of anemia or a bacterial infection.

If the indicator of ESR 40 in the blood of women of young and middle age, most likely, we are talking about violations in the work of erythrocytes, serious inflammation or progressive tumors. Your condition must be analyzed and examined.

If a blood test, the ESR rate is overestimated by 60 units, the person has serious health problems, and he probably knows about it. Often in such cases it is about the decomposition of any tissue, bodily suppuration or an acute chronic disease.

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Increased or underestimated indicator of ESR.

Any deviations from the average statistical norm, this is not a reason to become confused and invent various diagnoses. Increased ESR will be present in various inflammatory processes, but even an elementary cold, acute respiratory infections, the indicator also reacts. If your normal ESR figure always fluctuated around 15-16 units, and suddenly an ESR of 18-19 or a little more than 20, you should not be alarmed when you fully recover, your usual index will return to normal.

We list you possible, but absolutely safe reasons for a slight increase in ESR in the blood:

  • Long stay women on a strict diet or fasting;
  • Period of menstruation;
  • Pregnancy and Postpartum;
  • Heavy meal before the test;
  • Allergic Reactions;
  • Violations of the organs of the ear, throat, and nose( otitis, sinusitis, etc.);
  • Post surgical condition;

If the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate significantly deviated from the norm in a big way, the reason for this may be more serious diseases occurring in the woman's body:

  • Pathology of the gallbladder, large intestine;
  • Diseases of the pancreas;
  • Tuberculosis;
  • Hepatitis, fungus;
  • Cancer;
  • Lupus erythematosus;
  • Anemia;
  • Kidney disease.

If the level of ESR 27 was determined as a result of the analysis, this is considered a moderate increase in the deposition rate. The doctor may order further tests with suspected hypoproteinemia or anemia.

Since the level of soe 26 in women is far from being critical, it can be caused by severe diseases of the ear, throat, nose, fungal infection, or viruses. In this case, after getting rid of the main source of the disease, the blood can be normalized under the supervision of a physician.

If the level has surpassed the mark of 30 units, and the suspicion of pregnancy can most likely cause serious diseases, which, thanks to the blood index that was seen in time, can be quickly and successfully overcome. In a woman, an ESR of 32 or higher may occur after undergoing surgical intervention, as well as with an ongoing or acute bacterial disease.

ESR 45 in women is an urgent reason to see a doctor.

Low erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the blood of women can be observed with:

  • erythrocytosis;
  • deformations of the shape of red blood cells;
  • DIC;
  • leukocytosis.

Remember that with a regular check-up with a doctor, you can identify abnormalities in time and prevent the development of a serious disease. Be healthy!