What kind of doctor should I treat with an intestinal disorder?
Dysfunction of the intestine
At what diseases there is an infringement of function of an intestine
To what doctors to address, if there is a violation of the function of the intestine
impaired bowel function -
The large intestine is the final part of the human digestive tract and consists of several parts. Its beginning is considered a blind intestine, on the border of which with the ascending division into the large intestine the small intestine runs into. Ends the large intestine with the external opening of the anus. The total length of the large intestine in humans is about 2 meters.
The diameter of different parts of the large intestine is not the same. In the blind intestine and the ascending division, it reaches 7-8 centimeters, and in the sigmoid region it is only 3-4 centimeters.
The wall of the colon consists of four layers. From the inside, the intestine is covered with a mucous membrane. It produces and secrete mucus, which already protects the intestinal wall and promotes the promotion of the contents.
Under the mucous membrane is a layer of fatty tissue (submucosa), in which the blood and lymph vessels pass.
Then comes the muscle shell. It consists of two layers: inner circular and outer longitudinal. Due to these muscle layers, the intestinal contents are stirred and moved towards the exit.
The serous membrane covers the large intestine from the outside. The thickness of the walls of the colon in different parts of it is not the same, in the right half it is only 1-2 millimeters, and in the sigmoid intestine - 5 millimeters.
The large intestine is located in the abdominal cavity and comes into contact with all the abdominal organs or is located in close proximity to them.
The rectum in front of men is to the bladder, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, in women - to the uterus and to the back wall of the vagina.
Inflammatory processes from these organs can pass to the rectum and vice versa.
Functions of the large intestine:
- Suction function of the large intestine;
- Evacuation function of the large intestine;
Excretory function of the large intestine.
- The role of microflora in the large intestine.
At what diseases there is a disturbance of bowel function:
In the large intestine, stool masses are accumulated and retained until they are released to the outside.
Although fecal masses move slowly along the colon: intestinal contents pass through the small intestine (5 meters) for 4-5 hours, on thick (2 meters) for 12-18 hours, but nevertheless they nowhere should not to linger.
Before we disassemble other functions of the large intestine, let us examine the case of delay in the evacuation function. The absence of stool for 24-32 hours should be considered as constipation.
Fat tongue, stale breath, sudden headaches, dizziness, apathy, drowsiness, heaviness in the lower abdomen, bloating, pain and rumbling in the abdomen, a decrease in appetite, isolation, irritability, gloomy thoughts, violent, insufficient stools are signs constipation.
One of the most common causes of constipation is the intake of high-calorie food of small volume. A bad habit of satisfying hunger with a sandwich with tea or coffee leads to the fact that the stool mass in the intestine is formed a little, it does not cause a reflex to the chair, as a result of which for several days there is no defecation. This is an obvious case of constipation. But even with regular stools, most people suffer from a latent form of constipation.
As a result of malnutrition, mainly starchy and boiled food, devoid of vitamins and mineral elements (potatoes, flour products from fine grinding flour, abundantly flavored oil, sugar), and interspersed with protein food (meat, sausage, cheese, eggs, milk), each such food passes through the large intestine and leaves a film of feces on the walls.
Collecting in the folds-pockets (diverticula) of the large intestine, this scale is formed during dehydration (after all, there are absorbed up to 95% water) stool stones.
Intestinal autointoxication is the main obstacle in achieving longevity.
Significant auto-toxicity can develop with three conditions:
1. Sedentary lifestyle;
2. Eating refined, mostly oily food with a sharp lack of vegetables, greens and fruits in it;
3. Nervous-emotional overload, frequent stress.
The next important point is that the thickness of the walls of the large intestine is mostly 1-2 millimeters. Therefore, through this thin stenochku in the abdominal cavity easily penetrate toxic effusions, poisoning the nearby organs: liver, kidneys, genitals and so on.
The large intestine has the ability to excrete digestive juices with a small amount of enzymes. From the blood in the lumen of the intestine can be allocated salts, alcohol and other substances that sometimes cause irritation of the mucosa and the development of diseases associated with it.
The same mechanism of irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the large intestine of salty and spicy food. As a rule, hemorrhoids are always aggravated after eating herring, smoking, dishes with vinegar.
If we talk about dysbiosis, then this state, during which all microbes of our body change their composition. This change in turn leads to disruption of the stomach and intestines.
A malfunction of the intestine can occur as a result of improper application of various antibiotics.
If you suffer from diseases of the digestive tract, you may also have dysbiosis. Weak immunity, postoperative condition or malnutrition - three more causes of dysbiosis.
During a dysbacteriosis the intestine ceases to possess useful microbes. It is filled only with harmful bacteria, which lead to pain in the intestine. At this point, the human body is practically not receiving any vitamins, fats and other important substances for the body. All this leads to a strong reduction in the weight of the patient. At a dysbacteriosis at the patient the stomach or belly hurts and is bloated. His chair always changes.
Diarrhea, or diarrhea on the scientific, is called such a state when you walk more often twice a day, and the feces have a liquid consistency. Diarrhea itself is not a disease, it indicates that something is wrong in the digestive system.
Why does diarrhea occur?
The first reason is the action of pathogens, for example, dysentery or other. Diarrhea always accompanies dysbacteriosis. Sometimes a digestive disorder can cause an excess of some food.
What are the symptoms of diarrhea?
If the diarrhea is very severe, then the urge to defecate practically follow each other. The abdomen can hurt, it can be turbid, possibly bloating.
Diarrhea is dangerous because the body loses a lot of fluid. There comes dehydration. This state is especially dangerous for children and the elderly. It can even be the cause of death.
To what doctors to address if there is a violation of bowel function:
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