Severe spasms in the stomach and intestines
Severe cramping in the abdomen, stomach and intestines: the main causes and possible diseases
To be ill is always bad and unpleasant, but any disease can be prevented if in time to pay attention to the symptoms preceding it. So, for example, strong cramps in the abdomen tell us about the problems that have arisen in the abdominal cavity. Determine the cause in this case, you can by the nature of the pain and the area of its localization. To do this, you need to see a doctor, but it will be superfluous to know for yourself what pathologies such spasms can talk about.
Severe cramping around and above the navel
It's not a secret for anyone that in the abdomen a person has a lot of organs that perform various functions of the digestive system. Stressful situations, unbalanced diet, irregular mode of the day lead to the fact that severe spasms in the stomach prevent a person from living normally. Timely diagnosis and identification of the causes of this condition will help to cope with the threat and to stop possible diseases in the early stages of development. Of great importance is not only the nature of pain, but also the area of its origin.
Causes of cramping pain around and above the navel are:
- Diseases of the stomach, such as gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, increased acid production, colitis.
- The accumulation and release of sand and stones from the kidneys and gall bladder is also accompanied by sharp pains in the abdomen. So, if spasms torture on the right in the abdominal cavity, then the right kidney suffers, and vice versa.
- Increased body temperature, as well as nausea and vomiting, which are accompanied by cramping acute pain on the left side of the abdomen, signalize appendicitis.
- Frequent spasms in the abdominal area after exercise or walking on high heels tell us about the formation of an intervertebral hernia.
- Strong and painful spasms in the intestine can also be localized in the center of the abdominal cavity and most often arise due to common disorders in the organs of the digestive tract.
- Acute pain can be a symptom of serious liver pathologies, such as cirrhosis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, hepatitis.
- Severe cramping in the abdomen of the child in the center or slightly above the navel can be symptoms of an umbilical hernia. Especially susceptible to this disease are babies, who often and crying hysterically.
- Inflammatory processes in the small intestine and pancreas are manifested by severe attacks of acute pain in the upper abdominal region. Concomitant symptoms in such cases are usually nausea and vomiting, bloating, fever.
- If, in addition to severe spasms, there is a sharp decrease in body weight, a general weakness, blood clots appear in the feces # 8212; these are the symptoms of a malignant neoplasm in the small intestine.
Any of the above reasons can be a serious threat to the normal life of a person. What to do if you have severe spasms in the stomach or intestines? The answer is obvious: take 1 pill No-shpy and see a doctor.
Severe cramping in the lower abdomen
Acute cramping pains in the lower part of the abdominal cavity testify to problems in the pelvic organs, which according to statistics are most affected by women. The causes of such attacks can be the following diseases:
- inflammatory processes of the large and small intestine;
- infectious diseases of internal genital organs;
- viral diseases of the bladder;
- malignant and benign neoplasms of the uterus;
- suppuration of seminal vesicles.
Do not also forget that severe spasms in women in the lower abdomen can be harbingers menstrual cycle, especially if before it was a severe hypothermia of the body or intense physical exercise. Sharp rubbers in the lower abdomen are observed during ovulation in the middle of the menstrual cycle and are often accompanied by insignificant secretion of burgundy or scarlet.
Particularly attentive to your body should be women who carry a child. Severe spasms in women in the lower abdomen during pregnancy in the early stages can be absolutely natural and should not cause any particular concern, if no other symptoms. Such seizures are most often associated with the restructuring of the organism as a whole and changes in the hormonal background of the woman. Especially characterized by such fights after sudden movements and excessive strain of muscles in the lower part of the body.
To focus your attention on acute cramping pains in the lower abdomen during pregnancy is if they are accompanied by secretions of red color. A similar symptom can talk about such problems as:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- spontaneous miscarriage;
- beginning of labor activity much earlier than planned.
Since the third trimester of pregnancy, there may be so-called false fights. Often they do not pose a serious threat if their interval does not exceed two minutes by 4 times within an hour.
The reason for the occurrence of severe pain in any area of the abdomen may be various disabilities gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys, urinary system and reproductive function of the body. Of course, the causes happen and are absolutely not significant, not causing any serious exacerbations, but for peace of mind the superfluous will not undergo a general examination.
Spasms of the stomach: causes, symptoms, treatment
Spasms in the stomach are expressed in a pronounced violation of its function or, in other words - in a functional disorder. This disorder manifests itself, first of all, in the form of involuntary contractions of the smooth muscles of the stomach, which are accompanied by acute pain sensations. These painful sensations can continue for a fairly long period of time.
The causes of gastric spasms, even with the most thorough diagnosis, remain not fully understood. There were no lesions or abnormalities in the stomach or in its walls. Pathological processes mainly affect gastric motility, that is, motor or secretory functions in the digestive tract are disrupted. This disease affects, most often, adult patients. The push of the disease can give a nervous breakdown or metabolic disorders.
Very often, spasms in the stomach manifest unexpectedly. Until now, the causes of their occurrence have not been identified to the end. That is why until now there are no common methods for effective prevention and treatment of this disease. This imbalance of the gastrointestinal tract is of an organic and functional nature.
Organic dysfunction is characteristic of adults and is manifested along with more serious diseases, such as gastritis. gastric ulcer, gastroduodenitis. Functional spasms are observed, most often, in young people. They can be triggered by disorders of the nervous system and metabolism.
Causes of stomach cramps
The main causes of organic stomach spasms, as already mentioned, are severe diseases that arise in the gastrointestinal tract. It can be various erosions, stomach ulcers, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, which provoke all kinds of dysfunctions.
In more detail it is necessary to dwell on functional spasms of the stomach. The causes of their occurrence are directly related to the daily way of life, nutrition and the general emotional state of the patient. That is, the reasons for the appearance of spasms directly depend on the person himself. First of all, it is alcoholism, smoking, irregular meals, the use of certain types of drugs. In addition, as pathogenic factors are nervous disorders, prolonged states of stress, hypothermia or intoxication of the body. Intoxication occurs mainly due to alcohol or food poisoning. A polluted environment at the place of residence or work can have a long-term chemical effect on the body and also cause spasms.
Thus, as the main cause of functional disorders, the personal qualities of a person appear, under certain conditions, provoking these disorders.
Symptoms of stomach cramps
The main symptom for any form of stomach cramps is manifested in severe pain sensations of a dull character, accompanied by considerable inconveniences and discomfort. This pain contributes to the further development of muscle spasms, when a person may not even straighten. Concomitant symptoms are a constant feeling of nausea and vomiting.
Methods of treatment
Despite the lack of consensus on the treatment of this disease, there are preventive and curative measures that can alleviate the suffering of the patient. In the first place, it is necessary to conduct a thorough and detailed diagnosis in order to identify the exact causes of spasms in the stomach. When they are detected, treatment can continue for a fairly long time and be carried out in a complex manner. Relaxation and elimination of pain is carried out with the help of preparations of antispasmodic action. These are, first of all, such drugs as No-shpa, Spazmalgon, Almagel, Buskopan, capable of intensively affecting the pain syndrome.
As one of the elements of prevention is the appointment of a permanent therapeutic diet, which has its own characteristics in this disease. Rough food should be completely excluded from the daily ration. It is strictly forbidden to eat hot bread and other flour products. You can not eat sharp, fatty and smoked products, as well as various spices. Consumption of alcohol, strong tea and coffee is excluded. Food should not be either very hot or very cold. Eating should be done in small portions, approximately 6-7 times during the day. Before going to bed, you need to drink a glass of warm, low-fat milk. This diet should be observed at least 90 days from the time of the beginning of the improvement and until the time when all manifestations of stomach cramps stop.
However, it is necessary to focus on the fact that once exacerbated stomach cramps can periodically recur. In this regard, it is considered appropriate to consistently maintain a sparing diet, which can significantly reduce the possibility of a recurrence of the disease.
Treatment of gastric spasms can also be carried out using a variety of folk remedies. Such funds for each patient are selected individually, but there are also general recipes that are applicable for most cases:
- With strong spasms, in order to relieve the pain, two teaspoons of nettle, St. John's wort and the flowers of the twig are mixed together. The resulting mixture is poured into the kettle and poured, a liter of boiling water. The first glass is drunk in an hour, and the rest - during the day for 3-4 times.
- With very severe pain, it is necessary to squeeze the leaves of the motherwort in the amount of 1 teaspoon, diluted in. a glass of warm water and a drink.
- Very good pain relieves tea from mint. To make it, you need 2-3 teaspoons of dry crushed mint leaves, pour boiling water. After 30 minutes, warm tea begins to drink throughout the day, diluted with boiled water in a ratio of 1/1. In addition to relieving pain, peppermint well calms the nervous system.
Abdominal cramps in the dog: causes and treatment
Pain in the abdomen is not the privilege of man alone. Our pets can also suffer from it. And to find out the reasons for their anxiety and pain is much more difficult, as the dog's abdominal spasm does not add to her speech. You have to guess everything yourself. And it needs to be done quickly, because in some cases signs of spastic contractions indicate deadly pathologies.
Because of what does this happen?
The cause of spasms can not be precisely established in all cases. Sometimes seizures can be caused by drinking cold water and greedy feed. For dogs is also very characteristic of the turn of the intestines, developing just the same against the background of all these indecencies, so do not feed your pets immediately after a long walk or in front of it.
Causes of spasms can be some poisons and irritants. In some cases, this is observed in hunting dogs, which were given too heavy loads at the beginning of the season. Catarrh of the stomach and intestines also causes spasmodic contractions. As a rule, spasms in this case occur soon after feeding. Experienced veterinarians say that this often affects the dog, which subsequently shows a narrowing of the pyloric part of the stomach.
In very rare cases, not the intestines, but the diaphragm, are spasmodically reduced. At the same time, vomiting can occur, and the dog jumps up and down as if. But it happens infrequently, and the reasons for this phenomenon are unclear. In addition, do not forget about the parasites. Often, cases where the intestines in dogs are perforated or seriously damaged due to the presence in it of hundreds of ascarids.
Spasms start suddenly, can disappear just as suddenly. As a rule, in all cases there is a strong pain reaction. The dog screams in pain, rolls on the floor, whimpers, can take the most bizarre poses. Sometimes diarrhea and vomiting are noted, but more often spasms occur after eating and when the animal tries to urinate or recover. It can be connected with stones in the kidneys, gall bladder, with obstruction of the intestine as a result of its curvature. What other symptoms are there?
The abdomen is very tense, the dog does not allow it to be probed, it can even try to bite the owner. The animal with difficulty, hoarsely and superficially breathes, especially at the moment of improvement. In this case, the dog can begin serious problems even with thermoregulation, since these swine glands have almost no animals. Because of this, jumps in body temperature are almost always observed. Between attacks, the animal behaves normally.
Spasms in the abdomen of the dog often manifest within a few minutes, per day the number of seizures can reach up to ten. But this is only in cases when the reason is relatively harmless. If spasmodic contractions are caused by stones or started peritonitis, seizures follow one after another, and the dog may well die from a pain shock. Sometimes spasms are so strong that they can lead to ruptures of the internal organs. In this case, animals die from internal bleeding, since the owners simply do not have time to bring their pet to the veterinary clinic.
How is it treated?
So what if you have something similar with your dog? Of course, immediately take her to the clinic! If the attacks are relatively light, you can try to use No-Shpay, but do not do it It is recommended, as your actions will probably lubricate the symptomatology, as a result of which the diagnosis will be seriously hampered.
In the clinic, a veterinarian will use ultrasound or radiography to determine the condition of the abdominal organs. In addition, a blood and / or urine test will be performed, which is used to identify severe systemic pathologies.
The treatment regimen will directly depend on the reasons why the dog has cramps in the abdomen. When infections are used antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents, helminths are destroyed with antihelminthic drugs, etc. In other cases (perforation of the gut, curvature. the bone is stuck) an immediate operation is required. Always prescribed antispasmodics and painkillers.
Sources: http://aboutbody.ru/silnyie-spazmyi-v-zhivote-zheludke-i-kishechnike-osnovnyie-prichinyi-i-vozmozhnyie-zabolevaniya/, http://lechenie-simptomy.ru/spazmy-zheludka, http://vashipitomcy.ru/publ/sobaki/bolezni/spazmy_zhivota_u_sobaki_prichiny_i_lechenie/26-1-0-1284
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