How to understand that you have bowel cancer
Signs of cancer.
Signs of cancer- search in the Rambler.
Signs of cancer- note: the presence of any of these signs does not necessarily indicate the presence of cancer. And vice versa,lack of these signs, or the ability to detect them does not mean that there is no cancer. That is, to detect cancer, and, especially, on time - is not always easy. For this reason,all people who are at risk are required from time to time (for example, once a year) to undergo a more serious examination by a specialist, and possibly to undergo certain studies.
1. The sign of cancer N1 is the presence of a neoplasm.
In the vast majority of cases, cancer manifests itself as tumor formation. It can be something like a lump, a seal, a sore, a wart, a mole, and the like. However, not all tumors are malignant or cancerous. One of the main signs of a cancerous tumor is its gradual and steady increase. Almost all tissues and organs can be swollen.
(There are cancers without tumor formation, for example, blood cancer.)
2. A sign of cancer is pathological discharge. Perhaps soreness, etc.
For many cancerous tumors, abnormal discharge is characteristic: purulent, bloody, etc. There are also "abnormal" sensations: soreness, burning, etc. (In oncological practice, the term "pain" is more acceptable than pain, since tumors in the initial stages develop painlessly, and then there are sensations that are not always perceived by the patient as pain. For example, the feeling of a foreign body behind the sternum with esophageal cancer or a feeling of discomfort in stomach cancer. Overfilling the body with the contents - with stomach cancer, the left half of the colon - leads to a sense of fullness, swelling, and release from it - to complete relief).
3. A sign of cancer is loss of appetite, nausea and other signs of intoxication. Also, weakness and weight loss.
A cancerous tumor secretes the products of its vital activity into the blood, which causes signs of intoxication (poisoning) of the body, such as nausea, loss appetite and the like. In addition, the tumor consumes a relatively large amount of nutrients, which along with loss of appetite leads to weakness and loss weight.
4. Violation of the function of the organ.
Obviously, upon reaching a fairly large size, the tumor disrupts the function of the organ. Manifestations of this may be different. For example, with intestinal cancer there is an intestinal obstruction, sometimes diarrhea (diarrhea); at a cancer of a pancreas - a diabetes, etc.
Unfortunately, according to these signs, it is not always possible to detect cancer at the earliest stage, when the disease can be cured with a probability close to 100%. There are more effective methods of detecting cancer based on various kinds of research. But, for a number of reasons, it is difficult to expect that every person will be able to regularly undergo such research. However, there are people who are especially shown such studies. These are people who are part of the so-calledrisk groups.We list the main of them:
1. People who are voluntarily or involuntarily exposed to strong and prolonged harmful effects.
This is all who has contact (in the workplace, etc.) with carcinogens, such as asbestos, radiation, toxic dyes, etc. Also smokers.
2. All those who are inherently predisposed to cancer.
It has been established for sure that predisposition to certain types of cancer is inherited. Pay attention, not cancer is transmitted, but only predisposition to it. To such types of cancer reliably belong, for example, cancer of the intestine, some female genital organs, etc.
If among your direct relatives, that is, those whose blood flows and in you, there were cases of cancer (especially, someone died of cancer), the likelihood that you will get sick by this or a close kind of cancer increases, usually in a few time. Again, not all types of cancer are predisposed. The general recommendation is this: if there were 2-3 cases of cancer in the family, consult a geneticist-oncologist.
3. All those who suffer from precancerous diseases, as well as those who have foci of chronic inflammation or chronic trauma of any tissues.
There are a number of diseases that can eventually lead to cancer. For this reason they are called precancerous. To precancerous include: mastopathy (breast cancer), some hepatitis, cirrhosis, family polyposis of the intestine, etc. Let's notice: far not always the precancerous disease passes in a cancer.
If you are at risk, it is obligatory, from time to time (usually once or twice a year), try to undergo serious research in a special clinic.
So, if you find yourself in one of the signs that can talk about the presence of cancer or you belong to one of the risk groups, then be sure to contact an oncologist. Do not be afraid that they will think "wrong" about us. In the worst case, an unintelligent doctor laughs at our "vigilance but if we "blink" a serious illness, the worst option will be death, which could be prevented.
So, if we find some "bad" signs or we are at risk, then in order for the doctor to take us more seriously, we can slightly exaggerate the "heaviness" of their condition, say that our grandfather died from cancer, etc. and ask the doctor to appoint us to conduct any more serious research.
Studies can be very diverse:biopsy, endoscopic methods (using optical fibers), X-ray methods, computed tomography, nuclear magnetic resonance, radionuclide diagnostics, ultrasound(Ultrasound examination), etc.
In the most modern clinics, it is possible to make an analysis of the definitioncancer markers.That is, even tumors, as such, were not formed, but in the blood already there are certain substances that the body began to produce in response to the onset of the tumor process. To date, not less than 10 antigen markers used in the diagnosis of tumors are known.
These directions in public health services are gaining popularity. Thanks to them in the West it was possible not only to reduce morbidity and mortality from a number of tumorous diseases, for example, cervical cancer, stomach, etc. organs, but also to increase the average life expectancy by many years.
To identify signs of cancer at an early stage, there is another powerful tool. This so-calledImmunogram. that is, the study of the immune system for its "strength". Immunogram allows you to identify weaknesses in the immune system and to predict how much the probability that the immune system will not cope with a possible cancer or other disease.
Practically for most of the main types of cancer, a gene is established, the mutation (mutation) of which causes the disease. Methods have now been developed that sometimes make it possible to determine the presence of an altered gene in a given person long before a tumor arises. It is also possible to install a carrier of a mutant gene and before birth, during mother's pregnancy. The methods, however, are complex and expensive. It is unlikely that in the near future they will be as accessible as, for example, a blood test.
In the future, almost all genetic factors will be identified and, possibly, eliminated through genetic engineering. (You still need to live to this before).
How to understand that you have cancer?
Understand that you have cancer. as it seems to me, very difficult. Even doctors, before making such a diagnosis, do a bunch of tests and examinations.
If you have the slightest suspicion, you should immediately consult a doctor!
If the birthmark has darkened or increased in size, some swelling appeared, if the general blood test shows high content of leukocytes, if there is an incomprehensible temperature, pain in any organs, incomprehensible secretions and etc.
In the oncology center there is an analysis on oncomarkers, which helps doctors with diagnostics.
In general, there is a type of cancer that is very difficult to detect, therefore, the earlier you are examined, the higher the chance to slow down the process.
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Doctors say that one of the main signs of the onset of cancer is constantly high fever. It is not high, so few people pay attention to it. Therefore, the body temperature, elevated to 37 ° C, for no apparent reason and more than one day, signals the need to check the health status, and especially on the subject of oncology.
I was told about this advice by a close friend who recently learned that he has cancer. The examination was independent, there were no symptoms, the heaviness in the side did not like. The liver cancer was diagnosed, unfortunately, another organ is also affected, not operably. When asked how you can find out about the presence of oncology, the doctor answered that it is rather difficult. But to raise the temperature you need to pay attention and do not treat this negligently.
What you need to pay attention to the appearance of nodules, seals on the chest, the increase in moles and their proliferation, swelling - about this, we all read. But, I often heard people do not go to the doctor on time, even seeing an obvious swelling.
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at relatives of the husband, only at one of three had a temperature, and in the beginning from 38 up to 40 almost kept. at the uncle's husband, almost all teeth fell out, almost all teeth had died, and the bones became brittle. so I thought, do all start differently?
It is a pity that another organ is affected, so the liver would regenerate. But maybe not so late and help chemistry. - 2 years ago
The symptomatology depends on what part of the body is sick. Thus, for example,stomach cancerpeople abruptly stop eating meat. Common symptoms seem to be constantlyelevated (subfebral) temperature. may be observedgeneral weakness. malaise. But it is impossible to detect such a serious illness in oneself independently. Here it is only possible to make assumptionsqualified doctorand on the basis of examination, analysis.
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hepatocellular carcinoma - the cancer is formed from the liver cells;
Cholangiocarcinoma - the cancer is formed from the bile ducts.
The liver is the purifier of the human body and is therefore very often affected by metastases from a tumor of the intestine and other affected organs.
Symptoms of liver cancer
Signs of liver cancer (primary) are quite diverse. However, in most cases, there are common symptoms of a malignant tumor, which patients initially do not pay attention to. The latent onset, nonspecific symptoms of liver cancer, the rapid course of the disease lead to the fact that the diagnosis is determined in the late stages of the disease. The patients themselves do not often focus on primary manifestations: hyperthermia, nasal bleeding, lethargy, the appearance of edema, weakness and fast fatigue, jaundice, adynamia, nausea, cachexia, enlarged abdomen, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased appetite, stool changes and loss weight.
Very often at the onset of the disease, liver cancer symptoms are confused with other ailments, which ultimately leads to misdiagnosis, for example hepatitis. In this case, a person is treated for a long time, and the true disease is determined at a late stage.
The addition of new signs of liver cancer indicates that the malignant neoplasm has reached a large size and presses on nearby organs.
People with compensated cirrhosis of the liver may develop unexpected complications, such as jaundice, ascites, weight loss.
The more time passes after the diagnosis is determined - liver cancer, the symptoms become more specific:
To the pain in the upper abdomen, right upper quadrant and in the lumbar region about half of patients complain. At first it has a periodic character and arises during physical labor or walking. Then the pain becomes continuous, aching, there is a feeling of heaviness.
The fluid in the abdominal cavity is found in a large number of people at the last stage of cancer.
Is manifested not expressed and not always. Occurs on average in 50% of patients. When the primary form of jaundice is mechanical, as the cause of its appearance is the squeezing of the bile ducts of the liver with cancer.
Usually, the temperature is caused by intoxication and does not exceed 38 degrees.
5. Nasal bleeding becomes more frequent.
6. Expansion of capillary vessels of the skin (telangiectasia).
8. Dyspeptic disorders.
Dysfunction of the digestive system is observed: diarrhea, flatulence, vomiting, nausea and as a consequence weight loss.
Objective signs of liver cancer: with palpation increased, dense, tuberous, with auscultation hepatic noise is heard.
Complex diagnosis of the liver should be carried out as soon as possible, because a late-identified disease usually leads to death.
Metastases of liver cancer are usually found in:
- lymph nodes of the liver gates,
- pleura, lungs, peritoneal bones, pancreas, kidneys.
When there are symptoms of liver cancer, you should immediately go through special diagnostic methods that will accurately confirm or refute the diagnosis:
Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity;
Spiral CT of the abdominal cavity;
General clinical studies: general analysis of urine and blood, blood from the vein.
suppuration and disintegration of the tumor;
difficulty in outflow and, as a consequence, poisoning the body with decay products;
obstruction for the outflow of blood, as a result of the development of ascites.
100% cure of liver cancer, unfortunately, is not yet possible. Only with separately located small nodes, it is possible to perform a resection. Operations on the liver are quite traumatic and difficult. With malignant neoplasm and metastases, remove the affected lobe. Such methods of therapy of tumors, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy, are almost not used, because liver cancer is not susceptible to any of the existing antitumour agents, as well as to irradiation.
When there is no way to remove the tumor (large size, seizure of both lobes, uncomfortable location), rehabilitation therapy is used to relieve patient's condition and prolongation of his life in extremely comfortable conditions: intravenous administration of nutrients, adequate nutrition, painkillers, vitamin therapy.
The course of the disease is stormy and after a few months causes a lethal outcome. Most often, with 4 degrees of cancer and the appearance of metastases, doctors consider patients incurable and prescribe symptomatic treatment for them. Life after the operation lasts about 3 years. 20% of patients live about 5 years. With inoperable cancer, the estimated life expectancy after diagnosing the diagnosis is 4 months.
Again, the development of liver cancer contributes to alcoholism, chronic viral hepatitis B, the effect of poisons in the chemical industry, parasitic liver disease. Therefore, the prevention of the disease is to take care of your health. And for any violations in the body, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.
Sources: http://www.cancer.bessmertie.ru/sta.rak5.shtml, http://www.bolshoyvopros.ru/questions/1119202-kak-ponjat-chto-u-tebja-rak.html, http://www.med2.ru/story.ph? d = 71323
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