Dyskinesia of the large intestine by hypokinetic type


Dyskinesia of the large intestine

To date, one of the most common diseases of internal organs, in particular digestive organs, is functional bowel disorder. According to statistics, more than fifty percent of such ailments is associated with diseases of the colon and stomach. It should be noted that in this situation, speech is most often about violations of the motor function of this body. At the same time, there are absolutely no organic changes. As for the causes of these processes, it is, above all, dyskinesia of the colon both exogenous and endogenous.

If we talk about the development of the disease, special attention should be paid to the following factors. Constipation, endocrine and metabolic disorders, vegetative dystonia, hereditary complications in general, acute infections that were transferred in the infant age, nutritional error and allergy, transfer to artificial nutrition, taking drugs, cracks, hemorrhoids - all this contributes to the violation of the function of fat intestines.

Dyskinesia of the colon is most often observed in people who suffer from other diseases of the digestive system, endocrine disabilities. The development of such an unpleasant illness is influenced by factors such as violations of spinal and central innervation, stressful effects, reception some medicines, psychoemotional disorders, increase or decrease in the speed with which its contents move along the intestine, and much more.

Dyskinesia of the colon is divided into two main types. This is a hypotonic disease and a hypertonic type of dyskinesia. Most often, the main symptom of this disease are such symptoms as abdominal pain and rhythm disturbance of the defecation process. In a healthy person, this frequency is variable. For example, do not evaluate the two-day stool delay as constipation, if there are no signs such as abdominal pain. If we are talking about the hypertonic type of the disease, the pain in this case will spread in the lower and lateral parts of your abdomen. In addition, they will have a cramping character. These pains are most often associated with the act of defecation. Therefore, such feelings will stop bothering the person after he empties the intestines.

As for the hypertensive type of the disease called dyskinesia of the large intestine, say that this type of disease is characterized, first of all, by progressing stubborn constipations. For example, after prolonged constipation, the stool often leaves small volumes. In addition, it often has a slightly liquefied consistency. Subsequently, the patient has an expansion of the far parts of the intestinal tract. As a result, the tone of the so-called anal sphincter is also weakened, the incontinence of the contents of the intestine appears, that is, the feces. As for the pain with this type of disease, they, as a rule, are not permanent. With prolonged constipation, a person experiences a feeling of bursting.

This disease is divided into another group. Depending on the state of the motor function of this area, one can observe the prevalence of incomplete and insufficient evacuation of the intestine - a hypomotor dyskinesia of the large intestine; and the prevalence of too rapid emptying, that is, hypermotor disease.

Adenocarcinoma of the large intestine, or, as they say, intestinal cancer, often becomes a consequence of the neglected disease of this organ. That is why dyskinesia is an occasion to call a specialist, to carry out a suitable treatment even if at the given moment you are rarely disturbed by pain and discomfort in the abdomen.

Diagnosis of the disease when examining the patient as a result of the instrumental method of examination. In addition, sigmoscopy or, for example, rectomoscopy allows you to easily assess the tone of the intestine and the state of its mucosa. As for the special treatment of dyskinesia, it consists, first of all, in observance of a special diet. Medications necessary for a quick recovery can only be prescribed by your doctor. Do not engage in such a situation self-medication.

Description of the disease of dyskinesia of the bowel

Dyskinesia of the intestine (irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colitis)- violation of motor function of the thick and to a lesser extent small intestine, not caused by organic lesions and characterized by pain, changes in the function of bowel movement, and sometimes increased secretion mucus. It is found in half of patients who are on about intestinal disorders.

Causesdyskinesia of the intestine are neurotic disorders, dystonia of the autonomic nervous system, conflict and stressful situations, diencephalic disorders, hereditary predisposition, endocrine disorders. With dyskinesia in different areas of the intestine, hyperkinetic (spastic) or hypokinetic (atonic) changes occur, and more often a combination of both types of disorders.

Disturb pain in the abdomen without a clear localization and stool disorders, often accompanied by increased production of mucus. They arise periodically, vary from a feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen to intense colic; their duration is from several minutes to several days. These pains are often mistaken for an attack of appendicitis and resort to surgical intervention. There may be constipation, alternating with diarrhea. The latter are usually in the morning or after eating. Often mucus is mixed with feces.

The diagnosis can be made only after the exclusion of organic diseases with similar symptoms. Endoscopy reveals hyperemia of the mucous membrane of the colon. The latter is covered in places with mucus, some of its areas are spasmodically reduced. Microscopy of stool, biochemical studies of it do not reveal any changes. In contrast to the usual constipation with dyskinesia of the intestine, constipation often alternates with diarrhea, more significant is the admixture of mucus to the feces, sometimes it is separated in the form of membranes, more pronounced painful syndrome (up to intestinal colic attacks), intestinal loops are spasmodically reduced and painful on palpation, gaustration is unevenly strengthened, there are no significant clusters of feces in the direct gut.

When choosing a diet, take into account the intolerance of certain products, should avoid significant restrictions in nutrition and monotonous food. Medications are prescribed with great care - mostly sedatives and tranquilizers (valerian, motherwort, bromides, elenium, trioxazine, diazepam, melipramine, etc.). Heat on the stomach, baths (coniferous, oxygen), wet wraps, galvanic collar, diathermy, paraffin and ozocerite applications on the lower abdomen are recommended. A good effect is given by electrosleep, acupuncture.

A sane treatment of neurosis, organization of rest after work, on weekends, during holidays, sufficient physical activity, sports.

Specialized clinics for this disease

Spastic dyskinesia of the intestine

Dyskinesia of the intestine - the name of disorders of the regulation of motor function predominantly in the colon.

Symptoms of spastic bowel dyskinesia:

Clinical picture: abdominal pain without clear, localization, sometimes throughout the abdomen, possible localization in left stomach of the stomach (splenic angle syndrome), in the right upper quadrant (hepatic syndrome angle). Such pains often simulate the disease of the organs of the chest, other parts of the digestive system. The localization of pain may vary. They often appear in the morning after waking up, sometimes after a meal, but without clear rhythms. Different emotions, mental factors lead to increased pain. There are constipation, diarrhea or alternation. Often with a stool, mucus is released, which is either mixed with feces or is on its surface in the form of films (pseudomembranous, membranous colitis). There is bloating, rumbling. Between the degree of flatulence and pain, there is not always a clear connection. There may be an intermittent course with recurring disorders or a course with persistent daily complaints. Atypical forms of dyskinesia of the intestine: isolated pain syndrome without stool disorders; painless diarrhea (nerve diarrhea); painless dyskinetic constipation. Spastic dyskinesia of the intestine is characterized by an increase in its tone and spastic contractions, manifested by constipation and paroxysmal craw-shaped pain in the abdomen. Atonic dyskinesia of the intestine is characterized by a sharp weakening of its tone and peristalsis, manifested by constipation, blunt bursting pain in the abdomen, sometimes with a dynamic intestinal obstruction. Constipation - stool retention for more than 48 hours, difficulty in bowel movement or a systematic incomplete emptying of the intestine, when there is no sense of its release. With constipation in the rectum, a cluster of dense stools is formed. The metabolic products that are not withdrawn from the colon in a timely manner cause nausea, dizziness, weakness, depressed mood, decreased efficiency. Food that has been in the intestines for a long time is putrefied, can cause allergic diseases. Chronic constipation contributes to the development of hemorrhoids. cracks in the anus, the formation of polyps of the rectum. With spastic constipation, pains are disturbed by the type of intestinal colic, frequent rumbling in the abdomen. Atonic constipations are characterized by drawing, aching pains, frequent flatulence, a rare rumbling in the abdomen.

Causes of spastic bowel dyskinesia:

The most frequent causes of primary dyskinesia are psychogenic factors, a certain role is played by a prolonged eating foods poor in dietary fiber, hormonal disorders, abuse of some medicines, allergies.

Treatment of spastic bowel dyskinesia:

Treatment of dyskinesia depends on its type. In any case, restrict the products that stimulate the activity of the intestine. Prescribe drugs that normalize bowel motility. With constipation, laxatives are used. With spastic constipation drugs should contain funds with spasmolytic effect. With atonic constipation, preferably small doses of adaptogens, as well as plants with a specific effect, for example, verbena officinalis, birdwort. It is recommended treatment of intestinal discenosis in sanatoria, with a medical profile: treatment of diseases of the digestive system.

Where to contact:

Sources: http://fb.ru/article/19351/diskineziya-tolstoy-kishki, http://medicina.ua/diagnosdiseases/diseases/641/821/, http://www.24farm.ru/gastroenterologiya/spasticheskaya_diskineziya_kischechnika/


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