Valve from small intestine to thick
The Bauginiev butterfly valve(ileocecal valve) is a natural closure between the small and large intestines. It provides a unidirectional movement of intestinal contents from the ileum (the terminal segment of the small intestine) into the blind (the starting section of the large intestine). Normally, these sections of the digestive tube differ significantly in microbiological and physico-chemical characteristics.
Insufficiency of the buginium damper promotes a reverse cast from the cecum (cecum) into the ileum (ileum). The small intestine is colonized by the microflora of the large intestine, inflammation develops - chronic enterocolitis.
In the future, the stomach, the pancreas, and often the liver with bile-excreting pathways are involved in suffering. There are spikes in the cavity of the belly. The products of microbial activity enter the bloodstream and poison the entire body # 8212; that's why the insufficiency of the buginium damper can be complicated by the development of bronchial asthma, skin diseases, allergic conditions. There is a pathology of the heart, the nervous system. Due to a defect in the ileocecal valve, there are metabolic disturbances, endocrinological problems.
The primary insufficiency of the buginia flap is considered as a symptom of congenital dysplasia (underdevelopment) of the connective tissue. In addition to the defect of the ileocecal valve, mitral valve prolapse, increased mobility of the joints, ovulation of the kidneys, asymmetry of the auricles occur in such patients.
The secondary insufficiency of the bauhinium valve is more often the outcome of inflammatory processes in the intestine.
There is a pathology of pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, constipation is possible. There is a bad smell from the oral cavity, rumbling in the intestines, flatulence (bloating), bitterness in the mouth. It hurts nausea, eructation, heartburn. Disturbed increased fatigue, palpitations, dizziness, weight loss.
Insufficiency of the bauginium damper is based on the data of irrigoscopy (radiocontrast study of the large intestine). It is possible with a high probability to suspect the primary failure of the ileocecal valve, if there are other signs of connective tissue dysplasia.
Compliance with the diet and taking medications facilitate the patient's condition. A technique for treating primary failure with magnesium orotate is proposed. It is possible to eliminate the defect of the valve surgically.
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By the time when the eaten food reaches the end of the small intestine, most of the nutrients will be extracted from it. Unused residues enter the large intestine, where the digestion process ends and the stool masses are formed, which are then removed from the body.
Structure.The colon is located in the abdominal cavity and in the cavity of the small pelvis. Its length varies from 1 to 5 m. The diameter of the colon is 5-8 cm, in the final section it is about 4 cm. From the ileum it is separated by an ileocecal valve. The large intestine opens outward through the anal (anal) orifice, or anus.
In the large intestine, a cecum with a vermiform appendage, an ascending colon, a descending the colon, the sigmoid colon, the rectum, ending with the anus (Figure 4).
The cecum is the initial expanded part of the large intestine below the site of the ileum into the thick intestine. Its length is 6-8 cm, the diameter reaches 7 cm. The cecum has a length of 2-20 cm in length (average, cm), its diameter is -1 cm, which is called the appendix, or appendix. In our ancestors, the caecum and appendix were of great magnitude and actively participated in the digestion of plant foods. According to many researchers, today they do not perform any useful functions, so they degenerated.
The ascending colon is a continuation of the caecum upwards. It is located in the right abdomen and is projected in the right lateral area. Its length is 15-20 cm.
The transverse colon is located across the abdominal cavity below the stomach. Its length varies from 30 to 83 cm.
The descending colon goes down from the left bend of the transverse colon to the ileum, where it passes into the sigmoid colon. Its length is about 12-15 cm.
The reasons for the appearance of bauhinite are not limited only to the lack of hygiene, the appearance of inflammation is also affected by:
- wrong diet, namely, lack of vitamins, minerals, protein products;
- individual intolerance to a particular type of food;
- enteritis - inflammation of the small intestine, colitis - inflammation of the mucosa of the large intestine;
- poor quality food processing before consumption;
- colonic lipoma is a benign tumor.
- Painful sensations in the right side.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Disorders of emptying the intestines - diarrhea, constipation.
- When palpation appears "rumbling" on the right side.
- Excessive accumulation of gases - flatulence.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of an X-ray examination and a colonoscopy method.
Bacterial flora of the intestine is examined by complex laboratory analyzes. Exact indications also give endoscopy of the intestine.
During endoscopy, swellings and redness of the mucosa, atrophy of some areas of the small and large intestine are revealed. Also, the attending physician conducts a palpation study in which the characteristic rumbling and pain in the ileum region is manifested.
Treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, including bauginitis, is carried out in a hospital. Treatment is prescribed individually, in accordance with the patient's condition. Perhaps, if bauginite was caused by an infectious disease, then the patient will be placed in the appropriate hospital with the prescription of drug therapy against bacteria and parasites.
With pronounced meteorism, activated charcoal is prescribed. During an exacerbation, antibiotics of a wide spectrum can be prescribed. In the event that the disease is triggered and there is hypertrophy of the bauhinite valve, a surgical operation can be performed.
A special role in the recovery is the observance of dietary ration. On the first day, therapeutic starvation is recommended - only a plentiful drink, then a diet.
It is necessary to follow a fractional diet - 4-6 times a day. Food should include proteins and fats in the same amount (100-120 g) and carbohydrates - about 450 g.
During the exacerbation of the inflammatory process, the amount of carbohydrates consumed is reduced to 300 g per day. Vegetables are recommended to grind, eat in the form of mashed potatoes. Fruits are consumed in the form of a liver and in the form of purees and juices. Vegetable fats should be associated with other foods, for example, when cooking food.
Exclude those foods that cause fermentation in the intestines: grapes, prunes. Exclude from the diet cabbage, sour vegetables and fruits, spices and spices, black fresh bread. Limit table salt.
Treatment with folk remedies
- Infusion of peppermint. 1 tbsp. Leaf pour 300 ml of boiling water, insist, drink 1 tablespoon before eating.
- Infusion of chamomile flowers. 5 g of flowers pour 1 cup of boiling water, insist, take 1 tablespoon before eating.
- With the help of diarrhea, decoctions of plants, which contain tannic substances: rhizome of serpentine, lapchatka, infusions or broths of cherry, blueberry, St. John's wort. 5 g of grass or berries pour a glass of boiling water, insist and take 1 tablespoon before eating.
- It is recommended to take multivitamins inside.
Prevention of gastrointestinal diseases
- Wash hands before meals, carefully handle food before cooking, fresh vegetables and fruits are recommended to scald with boiling water.
- Carefully wash the dishes, it is desirable for each type of products to have separate cutting boards.
- Observe the diet and avoid stress.
- Recommended spa treatment in places specializing in diseases of the intestine.
Be sure to consult with your doctor before treating diseases with folk remedies. This will help to take into account individual tolerance, confirm the diagnosis, make sure the treatment is correct and exclude the negative interactions of the drugs. If you use prescriptions without consulting a doctor, it is entirely at your own risk. All recipes are for informational purposes only. All responsibility for their application lies with you.">
Sources: http://www.gastra.ru/nedostatochnost-bauginievoj-zaslonki.html, http://www.rusmedserver.ru/med/kishechnik/5.html, http://100trav.com/bauginit-prichny-i-lechenie.html
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