How is the intestinal obstruction in humans?
Symptoms of an intestinal obstruction
Karasev Ivan Aleksandrovich
Experience of work: 7 years
Intestinal obstruction is the physiological impossibility of moving stool to the anus. There may be several reasons, but all of them lead to the fact that the natural emptying of the rectum becomes impossible. Carnivorous debris is formed, gases also cease to depart. The heavier the condition, the more pronounced the symptoms will appear.
Few people attach importance to the regularity of the stool, which becomes the first source of problems. Normally, an adult must empty the intestine once a day, and the organ is arranged as a synchronous clock: desires happen at the same time, usually in the morning. There are violations, but if you understand that something provoked your condition, then you should immediately go to the doctor. Especially if constipation lasts more than two days and is accompanied by characteristic signs. Procrastination in such cases is like death: the masses harden, the body begins to be destroyed from the intestine itself.
Signs of bowel obstruction often have a similarity with other types of diseases. Rezi at the bottom of the abdomen, especially in pregnant women, experts tend to take for the beginning of childbirth or gynecological problems. Unfortunately, the level of modern diagnostic methods does not always correspond to the level of knowledge of the experts themselves. Therefore, the patient should be able to independently recognize the symptoms of intestinal obstruction.
Obstruction can be a sudden acute form, but it is quite capable of proceeding in a latent and chronic form. Therefore, the signs may differ from each other. With acute form of obstruction, the patient can be treated only in a hospital. The disease belongs to the category of those that require immediate intervention of surgeons. But the chronic form is more complex and therefore much more dangerous. It can develop imperceptibly, the obstruction is formed gradually. The patient does not immediately notice abnormalities in the intestines because he is diligently treated with folk remedies and constipation medications, which are kindly offered by advertising. Due to this, the symptoms of the disease are lubricated, the clinical picture changes, and so that already a competent proctologist does not immediately determine the reason.
Symptomatology of intestinal obstruction
Obstruction can be for various reasons, have different degrees of severity, different classification. But special attention should be paid to what symptoms of intestinal obstruction in the patient is present in the acute form of the disease. Important: a person has only 36 hours from the time of the onset of an attack. Further delay can lead to complete irreversibility of necrotic processes.
Initially, a powerful attack of pain in the abdomen, in the groin develops. Peristalsis of the intestine is strengthened, the patient is tormented by a feeling of a strong swelling of the abdomen, colic in the lower abdomen. These are the primary signs of an intestinal obstruction. Usually the first phase lasts from 2 hours to 12, then the condition can improve. A typical stage of imaginary well-being: the patient becomes easier, it seems to him that everything is almost over. In fact, intoxication starts to gather momentum, the peristalsis completely disappears. This stage can last up to 12 hours, then the patient will suddenly become worse. Clinically, the condition is characterized as extremely severe, acute deficiency of the most important body systems develops. This stage is critical and recovery will depend not only on the effectiveness of the operation, but also on how far the destructive processes have gone.
Pain becomes one of the main signs of intestinal obstruction. It can be different if it is not in an acute form: intense, cutting, episodic, permanent, but noisy. But when it is aggravated it is difficult to confuse something with something: tearing, cramping. In such a state, the patient can not even speak, the degree of pain is indicated by the sweat covering the patient. A man hardly breathes, lies motionless and only groans. This all speaks of the developing pain shock.
Then there is nausea, vomiting, which does not relieve the condition of the pain. Each urge only aggravates a condition, provokes intensity of pains. First, the patient tears up what is in the stomach, then bile starts to come out. There may be a taste of stool in the mouth, which is typical for the development of peritonitis.
In general, the symptoms of intestinal obstruction depend on a lot, in particular, on exactly where the obstruction occurred. So, if the problem is in the colon, then the chair can be completely absent until several days and only then the patient will be covered with an acute form. If the congestion in other parts of the intestine, for example, in the small intestine, the disappearance of stool and gas formation becomes symptoms later.
At the initial stage of the disease, you can still hear signs of intestinal life: it can emit strong noises, which indicates an increase in peristalsis. But soon all sounds disappear, which indicates the complete cessation of contractile movements in the intestine.
Signs of intestinal obstruction are important to know by heart, because only the family will depend on the life of the patient. It is impossible for the patient to make a decision on his own, to call an ambulance. In some cases, the patient's condition heavies other symptoms, for example, psychosomatic. Extremely difficult seizures are carried by people prone to panic attacks or having suicidal prerequisites. It is important to always be near the patient, in time to call a team of doctors. Then there will be more chances for a complete recovery of a loved one.
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Symptoms and causes of intestinal obstruction
Intestinal obstruction is one of the rather serious diseases that people often face. It is believed that acute obstruction in the intestine happens in young children or in the elderly. But such a disease can occur at any age. In medicine, intestinal obstruction is called a pathological process, which results in a blockage of foreign bodies, a twist or paralysis of the intestine. These conditions are very menacing to a person's life, which may require immediate medical intervention, including surgical intervention. Let's look at the symptoms and causes of the development of intestinal obstruction.
Symptoms of intestinal obstruction
Since intestinal obstruction can create a serious problem for the body and human life, it is necessary to consult a doctor at the time to prevent even more complications from developing. And to prevent consequences, you need to know the main symptoms of intestinal obstruction. Most often these symptoms are manifested in many ways in different ways - either all at once, or some of them. But there are typical symptoms with intestinal obstruction:
Cramping abdominal pain
This is a pretty strong pain that does not go away for several hours. Such pain does not have a specific location - the patient can not pinpoint exactly where his stomach hurts. However, with any abdominal pain provoked by anything, special attention is required and an urgent medical examination is desirable. Such symptoms with typical pain in the abdomen have many diseases, as well as very serious.
Constipation, bloating, increased gas production
If a person does not have a stool for more than two days, abdominal bloating and increased gas production, respectively, he has constipation, which means that there is already cause for concern.
Vomiting, increased intestinal motility
When developing intestinal obstruction, a strong nausea can occur in a person, which can be accompanied by exhausting and severe vomiting. With certain types of intestinal obstruction, the peristalsis of the intestine is also strong. These symptoms can manifest themselves in some other diseases, but still you should not try fate and wait for it to pass. Painful sensations and other symptoms can go away on their own, but can also have serious consequences.
Causes of the disease
Congenital causes of this disease are few. The individual feature - megacolon - is one of these reasons. In people who have this feature, some parts of the intestine can be longer than normal, so the possibility of the appearance of intestinal obstruction can grow many times.
Another reason for the development of intestinal obstruction is an incorrect formation of the intestine with an incomplete turn. In people with this diagnosis, the risk of developing an intestinal obstruction increases by 70%. If, as a result of ultrasound examination, a child finds such a pathology, then parents need to closely monitor his health. The cause of these pathologies at the time of the birth of children is the genetic predisposition. If someone from close relatives had intestinal obstruction, then newborn children require careful examination and attention.
But mainly to the development of intestinal obstruction leads to the acquired causes. This may be adhesions in the abdominal cavity, which could arise from various diseases.
The cause of the development of obstruction in the intestine can be different benign or malignant neoplasms in the peritoneum. Neoplasms in the process of growth will be able to close the lumen in the intestine. If they are not removed in time, then eventually formed intestinal obstruction.
This reason for obstruction is very often determined by doctors in young children. This factor of intestinal obstruction appears as a result of entering the foreign body in the intestine and causing blockage. This is due to the fact that children constantly put into their mouth various small items, such as toys, coins.
Another cause of the development of intestinal obstruction can be helminthic infestations, which the person suffers, moreover, if they are in a neglected stage. Worms, curled into a ball, can close the lumen in the rectum.
A blockage of the rectum can create a stone formed as a result of cholelithiasis, which affects a person.
Also, intestinal obstruction can arise from different types of hernias that are on the abdominal wall. In this case, a certain part of the intestine is hampered by a hernia. A person suffering from such an ailment needs to be very attentive to the state of his health. If he feels the first signs of intestinal obstruction, then you need to urgently seek medical help.
Sources: http://ojeludke.ru/kishechnik/simptomy-neprohodimosti.php, http://www.vashaibolit.ru/4573-simptomy-i-prichiny-razvitiya-kishechnoy-neprohodimosti.html
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