Symptoms of chronic colitis of the large intestine
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The most common symptom for diffuse colitis is a bowel dysfunction. In some cases, typical is diarrhea, usually in the morning, in others - there are constipation, followed by diarrhea or a normal stool. Often there are false desires, which are accompanied by the escape of gases, a small amount of mucus with blood.
Flatulence causes a feeling of bursting of the abdomen, severity. Painful sensations are not always, but if they are present, they are felt throughout the stomach and are associated most often with the act of defecation and intensify before and after it.
Often observed phenomena such as nausea, unpleasant taste in the mouth, belching air, a feeling of pressure in the epiglottis areas, a decrease in appetite, are associated with the simultaneous presence of gastritis, which occurs with a secretory insufficiency.
This combination of pathological processes can be explained by the physiological relationship that exists between these two organs.
Also common complaints are irritability, depressed mood, headaches, poor sleep. The temperature is usually normal. With a prolonged course of the disease, there is a decrease in appetite.
When palpation there is rumbling, noise splashing, tenderness along the thick intestine. There may be different types of stool: with putrefactive dyspepsia, stools are abundant, offensive, have alkaline reaction, with dyspeptic fermentation - feces excrement with predominance of acid reaction.
X-ray examination in chronic colitis does not reveal any abnormalities. But a spastic condition of the intestine, signs of stasis, sometimes, on the contrary, an irritated relief of the atony mucosa can be found. Although these changes are also observed in functional bowel disorders without the presence of colitis.
Chronic colitis: symptoms, treatment, prevention
Colitis is called inflammatory processes in the mucosa of the colon. This condition is caused by infections or chronic disorders. In the first case, we can talk about the emergence of an acute form of the disease. As a rule, it passes quite quickly. But in the second case, treatment of chronic intestinal colitis is required, which can take months of effort. What is this state and how does it occur?
Causes of colitis
Symptoms of chronic intestinal colitis
The acute form is much brighter. It is characterized by stool disorders, nausea, fever and all signs of intoxication. Chronic occurs less clearly. Violation of the motor function of the intestine, persistent pain and flatulence in the abdomen, deterioration of overall well-being with poor performance and irritability, intolerance of some products, most often dairy, cabbage or black bread all reflect a chronic colitis.
Symptoms of chronic non-ulcerative colitis
Let's dwell on the mainsymptoms of chronic non-ulcerative colitis .
Pain in the abdomen with chronic colitis can be diverse, most often it is localized in the lower and lateral parts of the abdomen and can be of any character, sometimes paroxysmal. After defecation, the escape of gases or the application of heat to the abdomen, the discomfort diminishes or disappears. Sometimes the pain can take a permanent character, this happens if the inflammatory process involves the cecal lymph nodes (mesadenitis).
Stool disorders are observed in almost 100% of patients with chronic colitis.
Most often there is diarrhea, which can occur immediately after eating, the feces have a liquid consistency and contain a lot of mucus. Often patients complain of a feeling of incomplete emptying of the intestine, with very few stools being allocated during defecation and mostly gases. A number of patients develop tenesmus.
Tenesmus - frequent, false, sometimes painful urge to defecate, with mucus instead of feces.
Constipation in chronic colitis has some peculiarities. With a decrease in motility of the intestine stagnation of fecal masses develops, in response to this the body produces mucus for softening the feces and easier moving it. In this case, when defecating a piece of hard feces is released, the so-called stopper followed by a softened liquid, frothy stool, constipation-diarrhea is obtained.
In addition to the described symptoms in chronic colitis, there may be heartburn, epigastric pain, belching, etc.
The clinical picture can vary depending on the lesion of a specific area of the colon.
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Chronic colitis and characteristic symptoms of chronic colitis
Annotation to the article
The article provides information about the disease with chronic colitis, which manifests itself as inflammatory changes in the mucous membrane of the colon with a violation of its functions. Most fully described are the main symptoms of chronic colitis: abdominal pains that are worse with a fast walking, arising 7-8 hours after eating, stool disorder; bloating, nausea, belching; unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth.
Sources: www.kolit.su, fb.ru, www.gastra.ru, primamunc.ru
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