Nutrition for diverticulosis of the large intestine


The role of diet in diverticulosis of the intestine # 8212; prevention and treatment

Diet with diverticulosis of the intestine can prevent the development of complications.

With diverticulosis in the walls of the small and large intestine cavities are formed, in which the stool masses accumulate. This leads to inflammation, and subsequently to suppuration of the intestine.

Proper nutrition prevents the clogging of diverticulum with intestinal contents.

The role of nutrition in the prevention of diverticulosis

Diverticula appear as a result of the stretching of individual parts of the intestinal wall. Normally, the intestinal wall is elastic and able to restore the diameter after stretching.

However, a sedentary lifestyle and a diet poor in plant fibers result in the feces not moving quickly enough along the colon.

Because of this, the walls of the intestine stretch and lose their tone. Over time, they form cavities, which further impede the cleansing of the large intestine.

An unpleasant feature of diverticulosis is the absence at the early stage of severe symptomatology. Proper nutrition stops the formation of diverticula when they just begin to form.

At the beginning of the development of diverticulum the symptoms of the disease are completely absent. In the intestine there is no discomfort, the stool is normal, the stomach does not hurt.

The person continues to lead the old way of life and does not take any measures, since he is not disturbed by any unpleasant symptoms.

In a few years, when cavities in the walls of the intestine begin to interfere with the normal separation of feces masses from the intestine, the first symptoms of diverticulosis appear - periodic bowel movements by small solid fragments.

Such feces appear when the cavities are not too deep and can be cleaned up on their own.

If at this time do not examine the intestine from the proctologist and begin treatment, the diverticula will become deeper, then their independent purification will become impossible.

From this moment there is an opportunity to start the acute stage of diverticulosis - diverticulitis.

  • Stroking pain in the intestine to the left of the navel;
  • fever, tachycardia;
  • diarrhea.

Additional symptoms of diverticulitis are found when passing the tests. A general blood test will show the presence in the body of an acute inflammatory process. In this case, an operation to remove part of the intestine may be required.

Severe consequences can be avoided if you start eating properly and make sure that the intestines are emptied every day. In the risk group for diverticulosis there are people with chronic constipation.

To start eating properly, you do not have to wait for the symptoms of diverticulosis to manifest.

It is enough to remember that the hernial-like stretches of the intestinal wall are diagnosed in a third of people of retirement age.

Proper nutrition and reasonable physical activity prevent the appearance of new hernial-like protrusions in the wall of the large intestine.

Unfortunately, so far there is no reliable data that with the help of diet it is possible to get rid of already formed diverticula.

However, proctologists are absolutely sure that a diet rich in dietary fiber guarantees the absence of such complications of diverticulosis, as colitis and suppuration of diverticulum.

Diet for cleansing diverticulum

Where does the diet begin with diverticulosis? Once the disease is diagnosed, it is worth discussing a new menu with your doctor.

Only he can correctly assess the state of the intestine, knowing the thickness and extent of wall stretching, the depth of the cavities, their location, the composition of the intestinal microflora. These factors affect the future of the menu.

To make a plan for the treatment of diverticulosis and to choose a diet, the doctor will appoint a series of examinations. The colon colonoscopy will be the main one.


Colonoscopy makes it possible to get an accurate picture of the condition of the large intestine. During this study, the doctor enters a probe into the patient's anus and a video camera that translates the image to the computer screen.

Thus, during a colonoscopy, the endoscopist sees with his own eyes what is happening inside the large intestine and records the results of the examination in the appropriate form.

The gastroenterologist, guided by the results, will give recommendations on changing the menu:

  1. with thin intestinal walls and reduced tone, food with a predominance of plant fiber and a daily drink of one and a half liters of clean water is recommended;
  2. in case of motor disruption and dysbacteriosis, a large number of fermented milk products and vegetables containing many ballast substances should be included in the menu.

Food is tried at the same time, in small portions.

We must strive to ensure that each piece of food was moistened with liquids containing digestive enzymes: saliva and gastric juice. For this, the food is chewed well, grinded on a grater or meat grinder.

The menu should contain raw vegetable food and wheat bran. These products accelerate the evacuation of stool from the large intestine, prevent the stretching of its walls.

Regular intake of raw vegetable fibers contained in bran, make drug treatment of constipation irrelevant.

It is useful to eat dried apricots instead of desserts, prunes. Biscuit and dough, from which cakes, cakes, buns and other dessert products are made, relax the intestines, provoke constipation and increase gas production.

In between meals, drinking water. The daily rate of water depends on the body weight, but it can not be less than a liter.


Coarse-fiber food with a lack of water in the intestine turns into a solid food lump. In this form, she clogs the gut instead of cleaning it.

While following a diet against diverticulosis, you can not eat the following foods:

  • mushrooms;
  • cocoa and products from it;
  • fresh baked goods;
  • smoked, spicy, spicy foods;
  • canned food, except vegetable;
  • products that enhance gas generation: legumes, cabbage, rye bread, potatoes.

It is especially important to remove from the menu products containing solid indigestible particles: any seeds in the peel, nuts in the remains of the shell.

An attack of diverticulitis can provoke even seeds of tomatoes if they enter the intestinal cavity and stay there for a long time.

You can not change the menu at one time. Full transition to a diet should be done in 5-6 weeks. This time is enough for the formation of new eating habits.

Bloating may increase during the first days of a diet. This phenomenon should not be frightening - it is a normal reaction of the intestine to a new diet.

When treating diverticulitis, another diet is required. This is due to the fact that the treatment of such inflammations is conducted with the use of broad-based antibiotics.

To restore the intestinal microflora, it is very important to consume useful dairy products daily.

Treatment should be supplemented with a sparing menu with a minimum fiber content, so as not to irritate the inflamed intestinal walls.

Treatment of diverticulosis of the intestine with a diet can remove the symptoms of inflammation. Diet allows you to completely clean the large intestine, including diverticular cavities.

Regular cleansing of the intestine prevents the appearance of cancer and other life-threatening conditions.

Even minimal dietary compliance makes it impossible to bring the case to the point that surgical treatment of diverticulosis of the intestine is required.

Diets with intestinal diverticulosis

The diet for diverticulosis of the intestine should include fruits, vegetables, cereals and bran bread. It is necessary to consume a large amount of liquid. Lesions of the small and large intestines require the same approach. To facilitate the condition, it is necessary to ensure normal peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract. To this end, the diet increases the content of fiber and liquid.

A lot of fiber is found in the following vegetables: peas, corn, lentils, beans, cabbage, carrots, artichoke, pumpkin. Rich in fiber, apples, grapefruit, avocados. From cereals are useful: brown or black rice, oats (not Hercules) and other whole grains. Of the nuts, more fiber is found in almonds, walnuts. To enrich the body with fiber, take the pharmacy supplements: "Bran "Siberian fiber etc. They must be mixed with sour-milk drinks.

Freshly prepared juices from fruit and vegetables are useful, which are recommended to drink several glasses a day. With diverticulosis, many doctors advise adhering to the principles of separate nutrition to facilitate the process of digestion and improve the general condition of the body. Cook foods for a couple, bake or boil. Food should be divided - small portions of 5-6 times a day.

Chew your food as carefully as possible. In addition to the diet, take decoctions of herbs (dog rose, fennel, chamomile, mint, motherwort). They improve bowel function, prevent constipation, relieve inflammation. Once a day, it is useful to take 1 tablespoon of unrefined quality vegetable oil (olive, linseed, pumpkin).

Use kefir, prunes and dried apricots, which have a laxative effect. Drink a day at least 6-8 glasses of water, in addition to the usual drinks. Eliminate foods that can cause constipation: baking, white bread, wheat flour, semolina, rice and other cereals (except buckwheat).

At a diverticulosis it is impossible to eat pasta, slimy soups, hot liquids and dishes, chocolate. Contraindicated: black coffee, strong tea, cocoa, jelly, cranberries, blueberries, pomegranate, pears. Limit the use of eggs and dairy products. In a day you can drink no more than 1 glass of whole milk. During periods of exacerbation, exclude from the diet legumes, grapes, milk, cabbage, sweets, nuts, seeds and radish. It is recommended to give up alcohol and smoking.

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  • Diets with intestinal diverticulosis

    Diverticulosis is an unpleasant bowel disease caused by constipation. It is on their prevention and will be sent a therapeutic diet for diverticulosis of the intestine, which can not only reduce the unpleasant symptoms of this disease, but also help the body in recovery. For this, the food is based on the abundance of liquid, vegetables, fruits, cereals and bran bread.

    Diet: diverticulosis of the intestine

    Diverticulosis of the thick and small intestine requires an absolutely identical approach. In order for the intestinal peristalsis to work as it should, it is important to maximize the body with fiber and liquid:

    1. The leaders in the content of fiber from fruits:pear, grapefruit, apples with peel, avocado, raspberry, blueberries.
    2. Leaders in the content of fiber from vegetables:cooked peas, beans, lentils, stewed cabbage, boiled carrots, baked potatoes, artichoke, pumpkin, corn.
    3. Leaders in the content of cellulose from cereals:oats (not oat-flakes), brown or black rice and whole-grain cereals.
    4. Leaders in the content of fiber from nuts:almonds, walnuts, pumpkin seeds.
    5. To enrich the body with fiber as quickly as possible, take the pharmacy supplements: "Siberian fiber "bran etc. They are mixed with sour-milk drinks.
    6. It is important to drink 6-8 glasses of water a day, and this is in addition to the usual drinks, like compote, tea, juices, etc.

    These products will allow you to forget about the symptoms of diverticulosis of the intestine and return to normal life. In addition, you can add to the diet kefir, apples, dried apricots and prunes, which are known for their laxative properties.

    Nutrition for diverticulosis: ration exclusion

    Of course, as in any diet, there was not a list of products that you now do not recommend. First of all, they include those that can cause constipation:

    • white bread, buns, wheat flour products;
    • rice, semolina porridge and in general all porridges (except buckwheat);
    • strong tea, cocoa, black coffee, jelly, natural red wine;
    • garnet, cranberries, blueberries, pears;
    • pasta;
    • chocolate;
    • mucous soups;
    • hot liquids and dishes.

    In addition, it is recommended in general to give up alcohol and smoking. In moments of exacerbation, it is necessary to completely exclude grapes, legumes, milk, sweets, cabbage and radish.



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