How to get an infection out of the intestine
How to treat intestinal infection
Low-quality food and non-compliance with hygiene rules are the main reasons for the appearance of intestinal disorders. The youngest children are the most affected.
How and how to treat intestinal infection at home?
Isolate about 30 intestinal infections, damaging, in the first place, the digestive tract.
The most innocuous of intestinal infections is food poisoning. However, physicians often have to face more dangerous diseases such as botulism, cholera or typhoid fever. The way and how to treat an intestinal infection depends on the type of pathogen. The pathogenic microflora may include bacteria of salmonellosis, typhoid fever or cholera, toxins, as well as viruses (enterovirus and rotavirus).
It should be noted that the causative agents of intestinal infections are very tenacious in the external environment and can live for a long time in soil, water and even on some household items (cutlery, furniture, etc.). Especially rapidly multiplies pathogenic microflora in fermented milk products, raw meat, water and jelly. The peak of intestinal infections occurs mainly in the spring-summer period, as the growth of bacteria under the influence of heat increases. In the human body, harmful intestinal microorganisms get through food, water or unwashed hands.
Getting into the mouth, the pathogenic microflora immediately spreads to the stomach, and then the intestine, where accelerated reproduction occurs. With the moment of penetration of bacteria into the body, the incubation period begins, which usually lasts from 6 hours to 2 days and flows without any visible symptoms. Characteristic manifestations of intestinal infection begin to occur only when bacteria release toxic substances during their life. The clinical picture of intestinal infections is very similar to the symptoms of severe gastritis, enteritis, colitis and gastroenteritis. As a rule, signs of frustration appear suddenly. The following symptoms of intestinal infection may be of concern to the patient:
- Increased weakness and lethargy;
- Impairment of appetite;
- Slight increase in body temperature;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Cramping in the abdomen;
- Diarrhea with mucus or blood;
- Strong thirst;
The most dangerous consequence of this disease is dehydration. Due to prolonged vomiting and diarrhea, the patient's body loses a lot of fluid and nutrients. The result of this phenomenon may be renal failure or dehydration shock. Especially difficult to tolerate intestinal infections are small children and elderly people.
To avoid complications and dangerous consequences, it is necessary to address with a question as soon as possible how to treat an intestinal infection, to the doctor-gastroenterologist. However, before the arrival of an "ambulance" or a visit to a specialist, the following measures should be taken:
- Lay the patient on the bed, placing a container for the vomit;
- In case of chills, cover the person with a blanket and put a warmer in his feet;
- Give the patient an individual set of dishes and cutlery;
- Protect the infected person from contact with children and the elderly;
- Do a gastric lavage. To do this, drink 1 liter of slightly saline water and induce vomiting;
- Provide the patient with a constant warm drink (a weak tea with sugar, drinking water, a solution of the "regidron").
After the symptoms subsided, within 1-2 days the patient should not eat anything. Later, when the state of health is noticeably improved, it is possible to gradually include light food in the diet. When intestinal infections are recommended rice porridge on the water, grated or baked apples, sour-milk products without additives, vegetable or chicken broths, wheat croutons.
Medications for intestinal infections
Than to treat an intestinal infection it is possible still? An auxiliary method of therapy is taking medications. For various intestinal infections, several groups of drugs are used:
- Enterosorbents (smecta, polyphepan, microsorb, activated charcoal) excrete toxins and remnants of pathogenic microflora from the body;
- Painkillers (no-shpa) relieve of severe pain in the abdomen, but before a visit to the doctor they should not be taken;
- Antidiarrhoeal agents (indomethacin, trimebutin and others);
- Antibiotics (cephalosporins, penicillins, aminoglycosides, etc.).
Intestinal infections combine a large group of diseases with a predominantly alimentary mechanism of transmission and development of a dyspeptic syndrome in the patient (digestive disorders, vomiting, diarrhea). Statistically ranked second in terms of prevalence after airborne infections, characterized by growth in the summer season.
Causes of intestinal infections
The causative agents of intestinal infections can be microorganisms belonging to different classes:
- bacteria (escherichiosis, salmonellosis, dysentery, staphylococci, botulism);
- viruses (enterovirus infection);
- the simplest (amoebic colitis).
The mechanism of development of intestinal infections
All intestinal infections unite the alimentary mechanism of transmission and parasitization of the pathogen in the human gastrointestinal tract. For most of them, the mechanism is associated with microorganism secretion of toxins that cause inflammation in the intestinal mucosa and reduce the absorption of water, which leads to diarrhea and dehydration of the body. It can also be the development of intoxication when the endotoxin is absorbed into the blood. It is important to distinguish between foodborne toxic infections - in this case, the body receives the products of the vital activity of bacteria developing in food (staphylococcus in confectionery, botulism).
Symptoms of intestinal infections
There are several typical groups of symptoms that are characteristic of all intestinal infections:
- nausea and vomiting - the first signs of food poisoning, less often with salmonellosis and escherichia.
- abdominal pain - accompanies almost all intestinal infections, caused by spasm of the intestine in response to toxins.
- Diarrhea (diarrhea) is a symptom in all intestinal infections. In case of lesion of the small intestine (escherichiosis, salmonella, enterovirus infection) - the chair is plentiful, watery and frequent. With lesions of the large intestine (dysentery, amoebic colitis) - in the stool may be an admixture of blood, mucus, possible tenesmus (imperative urge to defecate without a chair).
- general intoxication - is associated with the absorption of toxins from the stomach and intestine into the blood, accompanied by an increase in temperature, a general weakness. Most often it happens with food poisoning, when a large amount of toxins is absorbed from the stomach into the blood.
Principles of diagnostics
Diagnosis is based on the characteristic clinical symptoms of the disease followed by a microbiological study to verify the pathogen. The material for the study is - vomit, feces, food residues.
Treatment of intestinal infections
Depending on the direction of impact, apply:
- etiotropic therapy - is aimed at destroying the pathogen in the intestine (antibacterial drugs that act in the lumen of the intestine and are not absorbed into the blood - nifuroxazide).
- pathogenetic therapy - is necessary to restore the disorders caused by infection. Enzyme preparations are used (to improve the digestion of food and reduce the burden on the inflamed intestine - pancreatin, mezim), sorbents (a group of drugs that adsorb and remove toxins from the intestine - enterosgel, smect). When dehydration is necessary to fill the lost fluid and salt (rehydron inside, intravenous infusion of saline solutions). It is especially important to remember that when intestinal infection in young children is very quickly lost fluid, so the first symptoms should seek medical help.
- symptomatic therapy - allows to reduce pain in the abdomen (antispasmodics - no-shpa), lower body temperature (antipyretic drugs - paracetamol). There are drugs that reduce the severity of diarrhea, but their use is not recommended, as with decreasing the number of stools decreases elimination of toxins from the intestine (loperamide, only in cases for temporary reduction of diarrhea - being in public transport and etc.).
The activities are primarily aimed at the source of the infection and the transmission route:
- the source of infection - a periodic examination of public catering workers for the carriage of intestinal infection, isolation and treatment of patients in an infectious hospital.
- ways of transfer - the implementation of personal hygiene (washing hands), the proper processing of food, washing foods that are eaten raw, fighting flies as vectors of intestinal infections.
The most dangerous and common intestinal infections
Virtually all intestinal infections have similarities in symptoms, treatment and prevention. However, it is worth highlighting the most dangerous and common infections.
The causative agent of Escherichia coli, E. coli, infection is caused by pathogenic strains. The disease occurs with the defeat of the small intestine, general intoxication and severe diarrhea.
The cause is the bacteria of the genus Salmonella, which include about 2000 types. Disease, in which the source can be not only sick people and bacterial carriers, but also farm animals (cattle meat, cow milk, chicken eggs).
The modern name is shigellosis, the causative agent is the bacteria of the genus Shigella, the lesion of the large intestine is characteristic, the stool is not plentiful, with the admixtures of mucus and blood, and tenesmus.
It often happens in children, the causative agent is a virus. It shows an abundant, watery stool without raising the temperature.
Staphylococcal food poisoning
Occurs in the case of reproduction of bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus in confectionery products with creams when they are stored improperly. After eating these products for a few hours, there is nausea, vomiting, fever. Diarrhea does not develop. An important first aid measure is gastric lavage. At home use the so-called "restaurant method" - you need to drink about a liter of water at room temperature, then artificially induce vomiting, repeat the procedure up to 5 times.
The most dangerous form of foodborne disease, which is caused by the reproduction of the bacterium Clostridium botulini in anoxic conditions. These conditions are met by canned food, often homemade, into which a bacterium has got (canned vegetables, mushrooms, fish). After getting toxins from the food into the body, nausea and vomiting may not be a characteristic symptom is a double vision in the eyes (in the case of drinking on this symptom do not pay due attention). If timely medical assistance is not provided, paralysis of the respiratory center develops with respiratory arrest.
It is important to remember that for the prevention of intestinal infections you can not eat foods that cause even the slightest doubt as to their quality.
Section menu Infectious Diseases:
How to remove toxins from the large intestine with just two products?
Scientists have calculated that by the age of 70The human intestine processes over 100 tons of food and 4, 00 liters of fluid. that is, it releases about 7 tons of feces, andtoxins.
All thesetoxinsaccumulate in the excretory system of our body and can get into the blood, causing serious health problems.
Constipation. Negative changes in metabolism and skin diseases are some of the signs that our intestines are intoxicated and need to be cleaned.
Usually, he himself copes with this task, but sometimes,when overloading, there are various problems.
Fortunately, there are several natural methods that we can use tostimulate the cleansing of the large intestine without the risk of side effects.
This time we want to share with you a very effective and natural recipe, for which you only need two components.
What will it take to remove toxins from the intestine?
In order to carry out the process of cleansing the colon and removing toxinswe need only two products:seeds of flax and yogurt.
They are low in calories and contain useful nutrients,improving digestion and intestinal health.
We want you to have no doubts about the useful properties of this tool, so we will describe in detail all the useful properties of each of them.
Useful properties of flaxseed
Flaxseed is characterized by high fiber and Omega-3 fatty acids.
It contains up to 40% of dietary fiber, of which one-third is soluble fiber, and the remainder is insoluble. Flaxseed also contains phytochemicals, such as lignans, which protect the body from oxidative (oxidative) stress.
Flaxseed has long been used as a means for cleansing the intestine, since it has a mild laxative effect,helping to easily remove from the body all # 17; trash # 187; and toxins.
Its soluble fiber turns into a gelatinous substance and absorbs most of the toxins, and also softens solid waste to make it easier to remove.
On the other hand, flax seeds have an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect,helping with the treatment of gastritis, abdominal pain and gastric bleeding.
Useful properties of yogurt
Kefir is a fermented product that is made from cow or goat milk. Many microorganisms, useful for bacterial flora of the intestine, live in symbiosis in it.
Kefir has the form of small granules in a gel-like mass of white or yellowish color, a bit like cauliflower inflorescences.
It contains lactic acid bacteria. yeast and acetic acid bacteria thatgetting into our intestines are struggling with harmful organisms that cause infections.
Regular consumption of this sour milk product will greatly improve the health of the colon and intestinal microflora.
In many cultures it is known as # 17; lixir of health and longevity # 187 because, in addition, that it improves the health of our digestive system, kefir is used to treat the following states:
- Diseases of the liver
- Respiratory Problems
- Disorders of the gallbladder
- Kidney problems
- Chronic intestinal infections.
In general, yogurt # 8212; thisfermented low-carbonated milk drink. which has a specific taste due to the content of lactic acid.
How to remove toxins from the colon with flaxseed and kefir
The process of detoxifying the colon with flaxseed and kefir has a minimum duration of 21 days. During this timeAvoid fat, sugar and foods with a high degree of acidity, if possible.
- ½ cup kefir (100-150 ml)
- 1 # 8212; 3 tablespoons flour from flaxseed (from 10 -30 g)
What do you need to do?
- During the first week of treatment, you should drink 100 ml of kefir with 1 tablespoon of flour from flaxseed.
- In the second week, drink the same amount of fermented product, but this time with two tablespoons of flaxseed flour.
- During the last, third week, increase the dose of kefir to 150 ml and add to it three tablespoons of flaxseed.
- For optimal results, drink at least two liters of water per day during the entire period of bowel cleansing.
When can I repeat this treatment?
With a view to prevention, it can be carried out once every three months. Nevertheless,If you have signs of colon intoxication, you can carry out this procedure more often .
This toxin removal method is appropriate if you:
- Colitis, stomach ulcer or gastritis
- Inflammation in the respiratory system
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Overweight or obesity
- Elevated cholesterol and high triglycerides
As you can see, this procedure of bowel cleansing is very easy to perform andit does not require the use of aggressive chemicals.
Applied in practice, all these recommendations will help protect your health and your bowel health, because it is an excellent prevention of many diseases.
Sources: http://terapevtplus.ru/gastroenterologiya/kak-lechit-kishechnuyu-infekciyu/, http://neotlozhnaya-pomosch.info/infekcionnye_zabolevaniya/kishechnaya_infekciya.php, http://steptohealth.ru/kak-vyvesti-toksiny-iz-tolstogo-kishechnika-pri-pomoshhi-vsego-dvuh-produktov/
No comments yet!
Share your opinion