Bacteria in the small intestine


Symptoms and treatment of intestinal dysbiosis

In a modern world, only 10 percent of the population has a healthy intestinal microflora. This suggests a very high prevalence of such a disease as intestinal dysbacteriosis.

Different intestinal bacteria (bacteria of the Escherichia coli group, lactobacilli, putrefactive bacteria, yeast, etc.), located in the intestinal cavity, can remain in a state of equilibrium. This position is called scientifically "eubiosis." Sometimes the balance of the intestinal microflora is affected by a variety of factors, for example, after taking a course of antibacterial preparations, excessive consumption of yeast products, an unbalanced diet, various diseases of the digestive system system.

Sometimes the intestinal dysbiosis leads to the emergence of food allergies, a sharp decrease in the work of the immune system, the emergence of autoimmune diseases. It is interconnected with the fact that in the human intestine there is lymphoid tissue, which participates all his life in the development of the immune system. If the time to start a special therapy, it is possible to quickly restore the normal balance of the intestinal microflora. Ignoring the treatment of dysbacteriosis can often lead to severe forms of the disease. For example, one of the most neglected forms of dysbiosis is bacteremia, when bacteria are found in the blood of a person.

The main causes of dysbiosis in the small intestine.

It is known that the number of bacteria in the intestine can grow and decrease several times (from three to thirty times) under the influence of various causes. Among such factors we can distinguish the following:

  • 1. In the case of a decrease in secretion in the stomach, microorganisms are able to penetrate into the small intestine in huge quantities.
  • 2. The number of pathogenic microorganisms grows due to impaired digestion, problems with the intestinal passability, weakening of the human immune system. Such disorders can trigger the loss of bile and lead to diarrhea, reduced absorption of vitamins, and cholelithiasis.

Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis.

Among the manifestations of dysbacteriosis is usually allocated periodic aching pain in the abdominal region, which are able to migrate, manifest themselves in new places. There is also a state of general weakness, a person can vomit, there is an intestinal disorder.

The causes of dysbacteriosis in the large intestine.

There are 3 main groups of reasons:

  • 1. The impact of external factors, such as a bad environmental situation, the emergence of viral and bacterial infections, the effects of ionizing radiation, an improper diet.
  • 2. Side effects of drugs - antibacterial, steroid, antidepressant, X-ray.
  • 3. Surgical intervention.

Methods for treating intestinal dysbacteriosis.

Therapy for the restoration of a normal microorganism includes a number of steps:

  • - treatment with antibiotics of the small intestine;
  • - restoration of normal microflora of the large intestine;
  • - normalization of intestinal digestion;
  • - restoration of intestinal motility;
  • - strengthening of immunity.


The main purpose of using antibacterial drugs is to stop the growth of pathogenic bacteria of the small intestine during dysbacteriosis. The doctor prescribes special medications, which must be taken at least 7 days (sometimes 10 days). If a staphilococcus is detected, the course can be extended to 2 weeks.

Bacterial preparations.

Such drugs must necessarily include a living culture of bacteria. They are known to everyone - Lineks, Lakto-and Bifidumbacterin and the like. Therapy is carried out for one and a half months (sometimes up to 2 months).

Another group of drugs should contain metabolic products of beneficial bacteria. This, for example, Hilak-Forte in drops, normalizing the state of the intestinal flora.

Further - prebiotics. The prebiotic "Lactofiltrum" is known, which contains a special feeding medium for the normalization of the flora. Usually Lactofiltrum is prescribed in the presence of mild forms of dysbacteriosis. It is also able to cleanse the body of allergens and toxic substances.

If complex therapy of a dysbacteriosis is spent, sorbents for deducing or removing toxins from an organism can be appointed or nominated. For example, Coal Activated, Enterosgel and others.

Normalization of motor functions of the intestine.

If there is a deficiency of enzymes, then therapy includes drugs such as Pancreatin, Mezima-Forte, etc. When the suction function is violated - Essentiale ( Imodium is good for diarrhea. With violations of the motor function - Cerucal. It is also necessary to strengthen immunity. For this purpose preparations such as Immunal, Aflubin, etc. are prescribed. The protective functions of the intestine restore various vitamin complexes.

Diseases of the intestine SIBO # 8212; symptoms and treatment

Millions suffer from diseases of the intestinal tract: irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, celiac disease, and the prevalence of diseases is gaining momentum.

Moreover, in recent years, scientists have discovered one more digestive disorder, hiding under the bacterium SIBO. Anxiety is more common than previously thought, mostly people with a "holey intestine" symptom are affected.

The abbreviation stands for the syndrome of enhanced bacterial growth in the small intestine -malnutrition, the main cause of the disease. Bacteria live in the entire gastrointestinal tract, in the healthy small intestine there must be much less bacteria than in the thick intestine. In the small intestine, food is mixed with digestive juices, and nutrients are absorbed into the blood. With SIBO, the absorption of nutrients is disturbed: fat-soluble vitamins of iron, which is extremely negatively affects the health of the whole body, even can lead to damage to the mucosa stomach.

Bacteria associated with SIBO consume nutrients when food passes through the small intestine, causing bloating, gas, and pain.

Even treatment of the small intestine, with the help of antibiotics, gives a short-term result. This chronic disease can be cured, but patience and a change in the diet are necessary. Avoid some foods. The intestinal microflora will not return to normal.

Causes and SymptomsSIBO

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Causes and factors affecting the development of SIBO

There are a number of factors contributing to the development of bacterial growth: chronic pancreatitis, diabetes, structural defect in the small intestine, diverticulosis, trauma, fistula, scleroderma, intestinal lymphoma, aging.

The use of certain drugs: immunosuppressants, proton pump inhibitors, immune system disorders.

Celic acid, one of the reasons, as it violates the bowel motility, which leads to the malfunctioning of the small intestine.

According to a study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, 66% of patients with celiac disease, followed a strict gluten-free diet, were positive for bacterial growth.

Another major cause of SIBO is the blind loop syndrome. The small intestine forms a loop, which leads to the fact that food moves more slowly and as a result is a nutrient medium for bacteria.

Metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes, lead to gastrointestinal disorders. Studies have shown that 43% of diabetic patients suffered from SIBO.

Complications caused bySIBO

If the disease is not treated, it will lead to serious health problems. Dysbacteriosis of the small intestine, leads to a lack of vitamins and nutrients, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, iron, a deficiency of vitamin B12, calcium and fat-soluble vitamins. All this is not assimilated, as it is necessary, at first the person feels weakness, confusion of consciousness.

Vitamin B12 deficiency is more common than many think, there are many factors that can lead to a lack of vitamin B12: drugs that suppress gastric acid, H2 blockers and other antacids. Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency: jaundice, fatigue, decreased cognitive function, anemia. If you are deficient in vitamin B12 and SIBO, this will lead to megaloblastic anemia, and a prolonged deficit can lead to irreversible nerve damage.

Official medicine is trying to treat the disease with antibiotics to reduce the growth of problem bacteria, but At the same time useful bacteria that are important for the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. For patients suffering from the syndrome of the blind loop, a long-term course of antibiotic treatment is provided.

But, with antibiotic treatment. too high a rate of relapse.

For effective treatment, it is important to determine the underlying cause of the disease, then replenish the shortage of certain foods in the diet. That is, you need a healthy diet and lifestyle changes.

The first thing you need is to eat less food in one sitting, divide your portion into 4 to 5 small portions. This will allow food to pass more quickly through the rectum, which will reduce the number of bacteria and speed up digestion. In addition, in the stomach, food will not be delayed either.

Next, to get rid of the symptom of bacterial growth in the small intestine, take more probiotic products.

Products that need to be abandoned at the first stage of treatment, as they cause fermentation

Fructose, and some fruit juices, honey, bakery products, high in high fructose corn syrup, sugar and sweets.

Polyols - sorbitol, isomalt, lactitol, xylitol, maslitol, erythritol, these substances are contained in chewing gum without sugar and in medicines.

How to eat

To restore the intestinal mucosa, remove inflammation and get rid of excess bacterial growth, you need a diet rich in fresh plant food.

In addition to changing the diet, use essential oils, they alleviate some of the symptoms associated with the gastrointestinal tract.

Peppermint oil, oregano, incense, carnation essential oil, a glass of water, take every morning to reduce the symptoms of digestive disorders: gases, bloating.

And thoroughly chew food, drink more fresh water, practice yoga or other regular physical exercises.

It is important to remember the body needs time to fight and restore intestinal microflora.



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