Papillomas on the skin of the legs: causes of appearance and ways of removal
The growth on the feet can occur in any person. These formations are benign, their appearance is provoked by the presence in the body of the HPV virus. Appeared papilloma on the leg can cause discomfort, unpleasant sensations when walking and touching the shoes.At risk are teenagers, children, men and women who have not yet reached the age of 30 and elderly people.Most often provokes the development of these new types of HPV types 1 and 4..
- 1Causes of appearance
- 3Possible consequences
- 5Treatment and removal
- 6Prognosis of treatment
Causes of appearance
The appearance of any growth on the body is a sign of HPV infection. Ordinary papillomas on the pedicle of a child may appear due to the penetration of the virus through microcracks on the surface of the skin. The virus thus moves into the capillaries and spreads throughout the body.
Favorable for the development of infection is a warm and humid environment. The virus can be purchased and in the bath, and in the gym, and the pool. The incubation period in this case can be as a couple of months, and several years. In a weakened organism, he begins to manifest himself much faster.
There are a number of factors that contribute to the appearance of papillomas on the legs:
- excessive sweating or vice versa dryness of the feet;
- non-observance of elementary rules of hygiene;
- the presence of other diseases that adversely affect the process of feeding the cells in the region of the footsteps include varicose veins, diabetes mellitus, and various vascular diseases;
- flat feet, arthritis and arthrosis;
- tight shoes that compress the tissues on the fingers and rub the feet;
- trauma and damage to the skin on the legs.
The appearance of papillomas and warts on the fingers of children is often preceded by all kinds of infectious diseases, as well as the usual abrasions and walking in wet shoes.
The outgrowths on the foot often affect the area of the sole on the legs, are localized on the fingers, placed in the area where the finger and sole are connected, on the heels themselves.
Initially, the papilloma looks like a slight compaction of a round or oval shape, only with time becomes horny. In the process of development, subcutaneous growths change color, from white to brown, pinkish, brown, brown and gray. The color is in direct proportion to how much the pigment contains the loose surface of the growth..
The size of the built-up edge can be either miniature (only 1 mm) or large enough (up to 2 cm). Education can be at a distance from each other or merge into one.
On large warts there is a characteristic depression in the central part of them and small black dots, which are especially noticeable in cases of removal of the upper stratum corneum. There is also the presence of papillae, with the help of which a typical type of neoplasm is determined.
Unlike simple papillomas, localized on the fingers and feet, specific growths can be painful when pressed on them, creating discomfort during movement.
Localized on the legs of the papilloma can be of several types:
- Single - this one or no more than three neoplasms, which are located separately from each other.
- Mosaic - their appearance is due to the quantitative composition of the virus in the blood and the suppression of immunity. Small growths unite around the main neoplasm, while creating a kind of mosaic pattern of a bizarre shape.
Warts located on the toe and foot do not pose a significant threat. From senile they are distinguished by the absence of the possibility of a malignant mutation. The viruses that provoked their appearance are not classified as oncogenic.
The negative consequences of these neoplasms can be:
- pain during walking;
- unattractive skin from an aesthetic point of view;
- the possibility of infection of other people.
In the process of growth, the papilloma can cause severe pain. That's why it's recommended to remove it.
Papillomas of large size and an impressive number of them indicate the presence in the body of concomitant diseases and the suppression of immunity.
Diagnosis of papillomas is possible when examining neoplasms by a surgeon or dermatologist.
Difficulty with the diagnosis is prescribed dermatoscopy. The method implies under the multiply-enlarging instrument a view of the signs characteristic of the disease. The same method also diagnoses other diseases: hyperkeratosis of the skin on the legs, calluses, a residual phenomenon after the transferred syphilis.
In the case of large lesions, the blood is examined for HPV, and the leg is subjected to ultrasound to determine the depth of the lesion.
Treatment and removal
In cases of spreading the infection along the entire foot and the presence of outgrowths of impressive size before they are prescribed for removal, the physician recommends an integrated therapy course that includes:
- immunotherapy (a course of injections of Interferon or its analogues intramuscularly);
- antiviral drugs (Acyclovir or Famvir);
- a complex of drugs that strengthen immunity;
- local treatment with various ointments.
The removal of outgrowths is possible in several ways, the choice of which depends on the number and size of these neoplasms.
Removal by chemical methods:
- use of trichloroacetic acid;
- application of Feresol;
- preparations containing acids;
- method of cryodestruction.
In the event that removal of the build-up was carried out under the influence of liquid nitrogen, the healing takes place from a week to 10 days, and if there is an inferior removal, there often are relapses.
- Surgical removal. It is customary to use with outgrowths of large sizes. Scars may remain afterwards.
- Electrocoagulation. The method does not allow the removal of outgrowths deep in the skin. The principle of action is the destruction of the neoplasm under the action of current.
- Laser removal refers to the most painless methods, without the subsequent scarring of tissues and with the possibility of adjusting the depth of influence.
- Radio wave removal - a special knife is used, with which the papilloma is excised, and the capillaries are cauterized.
If the removal is carried out at the child's foot, the papilloma on the foot is removed by such methods as electrocoagulation or cauterization with acetic acid.
Prognosis of treatment
Papillomas formed in the region of the feet, do not carry a threat in the form of degeneration into malignant ones. The cause of their occurrence is HPV of non-oncogenic types. They can cause certain inconveniences, visually make the foot not attractive and even hurt. That is why their therapy and removal are simply necessary.
Like other genotypes of HPV, these are currently considered completely incurable. With the suppression of immunity, education may reappear. Only with concern for health, hygiene, the abandonment of bad habits can you avoid the appearance of papillomas on the body again.