Causes of papillomas under the armpits and methods of their treatment
Papilloma under the arm is a benign neoplasm of a viral nature that grows on the skin of the armpits. Not everyone knows why there are papillomas under the armpits.The cause of outgrowths in the armpits lies in the infection of the body with human papillomavirus.At the moment, scientists know more than 60 strains of this virus. And about 30 of them are considered especially dangerous..
After infection, the incubation period begins. Each person can last at different times. So, some neoplasms begin to appear a month after infection, while others can carry a papillomavirus infection all their lives and not even suspect about it. It depends on the defenses of the body. With strong immunity, the virus is in the body "in sleep mode while when it is weak it is activated and begins to multiply, leading eventually to the development of the disease.
- 1Pathogenesis of the disease
- 2Classification of neoplasms
- 3Risk factors
- 4Diagnosis of pathology
- 5Treatment of neoplasms
6Methods of removing outgrowths
- 6.2Laser vaporization
- 6.4Radiosurgical removal
- 6.5Surgical excision
Pathogenesis of the disease
After penetration of the virus into the body, it enters the bloodstream and then spreads through the body. After some time, the infection is fixed in the epithelium in the axillary region and begins to change the structure of the tissue. All this leads to growth of the tumor.
As a rule, the wart in the armpit region does not hurt and does not bring any discomfort. That's why the patients do not immediately notice that they have a papilloma under their arms. Some discomfort can arise if the papilloma has reached a large size, started to inflame or an infection has got into it. Usually this condition is accompanied by severe itching.
Classification of neoplasms.
By origin, papillomas are congenital and acquired. In the first case, the child becomes infected from the mother during gestation or in the process of giving birth. Acquired neoplasms arise in healthy from birth patients during life..
In the underarm area, the following types of warts can be present:
- Vulgar. They are round in shape and small in size. Such growths are colored in beige or brown color. Their surface is often flaky.
- Flat. This kind of warts has an oval shape. Above the skin they rise by 1-2 mm. Their surface is perfectly smooth.
- Filiform (hanging). This is the most common type of warts in the armpits. They have the form of papillae. The skin is attached with a foot. On average, their size reaches about, cm.
Papillomavirus is found in the skin, mucous membranes and biological fluids of the patient. In the body of a healthy person, it penetrates through the damages of the skin (even through microcracks, resulting from the pathological dryness of the skin).
HPV infection occurs not only sexually, but also the way of life, that is, nobody is insured against this pathology.
The most common papillomas under the arm grow on the body of people who:
- smoke, drink alcohol or drugs;
- have chronic diseases of internal organs;
- conduct a disorderly intimate life;
- received ultraviolet irradiation during sunbathing in the sun or in the solarium;
- take hormonal medications for a long time;
- wear uncomfortable clothing that rubs the skin;
- strongly sweat, but they do not wash the armpits with antibacterial soap.
Diagnosis of pathology
Papillomas in the armpit are diagnosed in the following ways:
- PCR is a study in which a specialist looks for the DNA of a virus in a tumor and thus determines the likelihood of a malignant degeneration of the wart;
- Digene test is a study that provides information about which particular type of HPV caused the disease in a patient;
- histological examination - makes it possible to identify malignant cells in the neoplasm and to calculate their number.
Treatment of neoplasms
Papillomas in the armpits need to be treated necessarily. This is due to the fact that they are often traumatized and quite dangerous in terms of development of the oncological process. Primarily, neoplasm therapy involves the removal of growths. As a rule, one procedure is sufficient for this, however, if there are a lot of new growths, the doctor may need several procedures for complete cleansing of the skin.
There are a lot of ways to remove warts today. Select the right one should be a qualified doctor after examining the patient and studying his anamnesis.
It is important to say that after removing the warts, many patients discover that they have papillomas again. This is due to the fact that the main causes of the appearance of neoplasms (reduced immunity and high concentration of the virus) have not been eliminated.
Medical treatment of warts includes the use of broad-spectrum antiviral medicines (Lavomax, Anaferon, Arbidol) and immunostimulants (Isoprinosine, Allokin-alpha, Panavir).
In addition, it can be treated with folk remedies. To this end, you can lubricate the lesions with tea tree oil, lemon, eucalyptus or castor oil. It is also possible to treat neoplasms with celandine juice. To raise the immunity of black tea should be replaced with a decoction of calendula or oregano.
For the treatment of children, the use of various homeopathic medicines is recommended. They should be selected together with the pediatrician. Do not interfere roughly with the immune system of the child. As he grows up, the protective forces of his body will strengthen themselves.
Methods of removing outgrowths
At the moment, doctors offer patients the following ways to remove papillomas under the armpits.
The procedure in which the new formation is treated with liquid nitrogen. At this time, the affected tissue is cooled to a temperature of 170 degrees. This process leads to the fact that the food of the wart ceases, as a result of which it disappears.
The procedure takes several minutes. After it there are no complications, since the virus does not spread to healthy tissues. Healing of the skin occurs in the shortest possible time. This method is ideal for removing the papillomas in a child..
This is a modern procedure that allows you to remove both small and large warts, even in large quantities in one session. This procedure is not accompanied by pain. In addition, under the influence of the laser, the vessels in the skin integuments are sealed, which eliminates the risk of bleeding.
The procedure in which a specialist cauterizes the blood vessels that feed the neoplasm. As a result, this leads to the withering away of the papilloma. It is important to say that after electrocoagulation in patients, scars may remain on the body. To avoid pain, patients are offered local anesthesia.
Electrocoagulation is the best way to remove warts, which appeared immediately spread.
In this case, the doctor acts on the papilloma with an ionizing beam of light. This is one of the fastest and painless methods of removing neoplasms.
This method is considered obsolete. It involves excision with a scalpel and is accompanied by bleeding and painful sensations. After treatment, scars may appear. This procedure is carried out in the case that the remaining methods of removal are contraindicated.
The prognosis of the disease depends on which treatment regimen was chosen and on the timeliness of the initiation of therapy, but overall, it is quite favorable.
It is important to remember that getting into the body, HPV remains in it forever, which means that the disease can at any time recur. To avoid this, you should lead a healthy lifestyle, eat well, take vitamin-mineral complexes and observe hygiene rules.