Signs of a brain tumor in adults


A brain tumor is defined as any abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells in the brain tissues. New formulations can be either benign or malignant.Signs of a brain tumor in adultsare expressed strongly and weakly, depending on the location of the formation and its features.

At the initial stages, any brain tumors almost do not cause discomfort in a person. As the growth grows, the normal tissues are pressed, which can cause side effects that give a certain symptomatology. Since the location of the tumor is the brain, it is important to understand that even benign formations pose a serious danger to human health and life.

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The first signs of a brain tumor in adults

On the time scale of developmentthe first signs of a brain tumor inof adultsdepend on the nature of the neoplasm. Slowly growing tumors (both benign and malignant) do not have pronounced symptoms. However, fast-growing formations are associated with the early onset of symptoms and, in most cases, represent malignant formations.

The signs and symptoms of a head tumor in adults can be conventionally considered from three main categories:

Symptoms as a consequence of increased intracranial pressure

Often identified at the earliest stages. Large tumors lead to peritumoral edema, which causes such a clinical picture as:

  • unpleasant headaches;
  • inability to digest food;
  • change in the general condition of the body;
  • enlargement of the optic nerve on the side of the lesion (anisocoria);
  • edema of the optic nerve.

It should be noted that even small formations that prevent the free movement of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can also representthe first signs of a brain tumor in adults. Intracranial pressure can lead to cerebral hernia, that is, the displacement of certain brain structures.


Symptoms associated with changes in body function

The location of the tumor and the damage caused by it can affect surrounding brain structures by compressing or penetrating abnormal tissues into healthy ones. Symptomatic neurological signs:

  • disorders associated with thinking and behavior: confusion, problems with memory and speech, lack of understanding, spatial disorientation;
  • problems affecting the life of a person and affecting his appearance: loss of response to external stimuli, speech disturbance, hearing, smell, loss of coordinated movement, paralysis of the facial nerve, dizziness, loss of consciousness followed by cramping twitching muscles. More serious symptoms concern the possibility of paralysis of one side of the body or a violation of the swallowing function.

Extreme irritation and emotional disorders

Abnormal fatigue, lack of response or seizures similar to epilepsy (motor seizures or convulsions, sudden involuntary movements of the face and body, twitching of the muscles, loss of breath for a short time and the appearance of a blue hue face. After attacks, somnolence, confusion, numbness and pain in the muscles are sometimes observed.

The most common and dangerous first signs of a brain tumor in adults

  • Severe headaches of a persistent nature

About 1 in 3 people consult a doctor if they have severe and prolonged headaches. The growth of the tumor increases the pressure inside the skull due to the reduction in space. For an accurate diagnosis, the doctor prescribes ultrasound, computer or magnetic resonance imaging.

  • Poor health (nausea), and hiccups

Frequent companions of headaches, which together may indicate cancer of the head. Sometimes these signs increase in the morning or at certain times of the day.

  • Visual impairment

Eye problems that include blurred vision, the visibility of floating forms, or partial variable vision loss. An ophthalmologist may reveal signs of a brain tumor during a general examination.

  • Seizures, seizures

Seizures or seizures are one of the most common symptoms of brain malignancy. 1 out of 4 people has these signs when first contacting a doctor. Concomitant conditions include twitching of the hands, legs, or the entire body. Some seizures may be accompanied by loss of consciousness for a short time.

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Signs of a brain tumor in an adult, depending on the site of tumor growth

Signs of a brain tumor in adults, mainly depend on the specific type of the head tumor and its localization. The relationship between the symptomatology and the position of the neoplasm is presented thus:

Frontal lobe:

Changes in personality behavior, loss of interest in life, complexity with self-organization, irritability and aggressiveness, weakness on one side of the body or throughout the body, loss of sensitivity to odors, problems with sight and speech.

Temporal fraction:

Forgetting words, the difficulty in finding the right linguistic signs, short-term memory loss, the emergence of strange feelings, hallucinations (as if you were here before or something like that), the opportunity to hear vote.

The dark share:

Difficulty with speech (both with speaking and understanding), problems with reading or writing, loss of sensitivity in the body.

Occipital Part:

Eye problems on one or both sides of the face.

Cerebellum (hindbrain):

Poor coordination, uncontrolled eye movement, pain in the neck, dizziness.

The trunk of the brain:

Tumor of the brain stem is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms: poor coordination, overhanging the eyelid or the inability to close the mouth, difficulty in swallowing, problems with speech.

Spinal cord:

Insensitivity of any part of the body, weakness in the hands or feet, loss of control over the bladder and intestines.


Pituitary tumor (prolactinoma of the pituitary) provokes infrequent and irregular menstruation in women, infertility in representatives of both sexes, lack of energy, weight gain, mood swings, high blood pressure pressure.

Anysigns of brain tumor in adultsshould cause a person's anxiety and push him to visit the doctor as soon as possible for the purpose of a complete examination.


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