Modern treatment of sarcoma
There are dozens of different types of sarcomas, each of which has its own symptoms, diagnosis and recommended methods of treatment. But when diagnosing "Sarcomatreatment, first of all, is to determine the exact type of cancer.
Types of sarcomas
Sarcoma is a malignant process that can occur in the connective tissue of the body, in particular in bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons and blood vessels. But all these diseases are reduced to two main types:
- Soft tissue sarcoma:
Among them, the most common are leiomyosarcomas, fibroblastic sarcomas, liposarcomas, Kaposi's sarcoma, angiosarcoma, and others. Treatment, as a rule, presupposes a previous five-week course of radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy.
- Sarcoma of bone structures:
Common subspecies: chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chordoma, etc.Treatment of sarcomaThis kind, basically, includes up to 3 months of chemotherapy (neoadjuvant or induction) before surgery and with the completion of the course after surgical excision. In general, the process can take up to a year, provided there are no other complications or the need for further procedures.
Treatment of soft tissue sarcoma
Therapeutic treatment options depend on the type, stage and extent of the spread of the sarcoma, as well as the possible side effects. Usually the treatment plan for soft tissue sarcoma includes:
The goal is to remove the tumor and healthy tissue around it, so a biopsy is necessary before the operation. Small tumors (up to 5 cm) do not require additional therapeutic procedures. Malignant formations of more than 5 cm in addition suggest a combination of radiation and chemotherapy.
Can be done both before surgery to reduce swelling, and after it. It is necessary to consider such possible side effects as damage to healthy cells, a burn, the occurrence of a different type of cancer. But radiotherapy can save a patient from amputation if the tumor is in the limbs.
In outpatient conditions, it allows the use of radioactive radiation for 15 minutes once or twice a day. Patients recovering from surgery, this method helps to avoid isolation in a separate room.
It presupposes taking drugs from cancer to kill cancer cells throughout the body. The chemotherapy regimen consists of a certain cycle for a set period of time. In the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma alone or in combination, such drugs as:
- Docetaxel (Taxotere);
- Doxorubicin (Adriamycin);
- "Gemcitabine" ("Gemzar");
Kaposi's sarcoma: treatment
Kaposi's sarcoma can simultaneously start in more than one place in the body. The disease looks like a purple-colored lesion, lining the mucous membranes, lymph nodes and other organs.
There are four types of standard treatment for Kapos sarcoma:
Depending on the specific type and location of the tumor, external or internal radiation is performed.
Effective for the treatment of small superficial injuries and suggests:
- local excision;
- fulguration and curettage: after the resection, needle electrodes are used to destroy cancer cells around the wound;
- cryosurgery - freezing and destruction of abnormal tissues;
Chemotherapeutic method of sarcoma treatment
It foresees systemic, regional or local effects of antitumor drugs on oncoforming. To increase the efficiency, liposomal method of administration of "doxorubicin" (use of tiny fat particles as carriers of the drug to neoplasm) is often used. The choice of method depends on the specific type of malignant process.
It focuses on increasing and using the protective forces of the body of the patient in the fight against cancer. For this purpose, the appropriate reception of Interferon alfa is often prescribed.
Ewing sarcoma: treatment
Ewing's sarcoma is a very aggressive cancer of the bone, which affects mainly children and young adults under 30 years of age.
A typical treatment plan for Ewing's sarcoma is a systemic therapy that affects the entire body. Effective methods such as chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation in conjunction with localized therapy:
Includes the use of drugs "Cyclophosphamide "Doxorubicin "Etoposide "Ifosfamide" and / or "Vincristine
Stem cell transplantation
A procedure in which abnormal bone marrow tissues are replaced by specialized ones that have the naming of "hematopoietic stem cells
Focuses on treating the tumor with local surgery and / or radiation.
Folk treatment of sarcoma
Treatment of sarcomacan be accompanied by additional therapeutic measures of traditional medicine:
- herbal and botanical preparations, herbal extracts and teas;
- biologically active additives: vitamins, minerals and amino acids;
- homeopathic remedies aimed at activating immunity;
- physiotherapy and exercise therapy, which affect the deep muscles and joints;
- hydrotherapy, which involves the use of water procedures, such as hot and cold wraps;
- acupuncture, which allows you to relieve stress and pain.
Treatment of sarcoma: the following measures
Unlike most types of cancer, unfortunately, this cancer is a life-long diagnosis, which should be taken into account when choosing a method of treating sarcoma. It should be minimally traumatic. Relapses or metastases usually occur within the first two to five years, so patients should be psychologically prepared for a possible complication. After five years, the risk of recurrence is significantly reduced, but still exists.
After the completion of the sarcoma treatment course, the schedule for the follow-up measures begins, which includes:
- periodic visits to the oncologist;
- careful examination of the body (cardiac testing, laboratory examinations, etc.) every three months for 2-3 years;
- continued monitoring every 6 months to five years.
Modern medical achievements in oncology make it possible to significantly improve the prognostic data in the ratiosarcoma/treatment..