Head cancer - symptoms, treatment, recovery
Cancer of the head (brain) is a wide group of oncological diseases, which are characterized by aggressive and malignant growth of atypical cells of the brain tissue. Specific manifestations of the disease depend on the location of the tumor.
Cerebral cancer can develop as a primary process from the brain cells or in the form of a metastatic lesion. In some cases, head cancer after the removal of the primary focus again restores its growth, this indicates a relapse of oncology.
Medical research indicates a high susceptibility to malignant neoplasms of certain groups of people, which may be associated with risk factors:
- Traumatic injuries of craniocerebral structures, which can directly cause disturbances in the processes of cell formation.
- The genetic predisposition is the existence of an increased risk of oncology of the head in persons whose relatives have had cancer.
- Harmful influence of physical and chemical factors of the environment.
Symptoms of head cancer
Signs of malignant damage to the brain tissue, as a rule, are determined in the late stages of the pathology, because the disease is asymptomatic. The severity of symptoms depends on the spread and localization of the head tumor.
Head cancer - symptoms:
- Frequent signs of an unreasonable headache, which is not stopped by traditional painkillers. Such seizures are often accompanied by vomiting.
- Increased intracranial pressure leads to dizziness and noise in the ears.
- Slowing down the functioning of mental processes. Damage to the visual center leads to a decrease in visual acuity. A tumor in the auditory part of the brain entails a disorder in the auditory function.
- In some cases, epileptic seizures are recorded.
- The pronounced change in the psycho-neurological state of the patient, which can manifest itself in the form of absent-mindedness, irritability, nervousness.
Diagnosis of head cancers
Definition of the diagnosis of malignant neoplasm is performed by an oncologist on the basis of a neurologic examination of the patient and additional diagnostic measures.
CT scan- this is a layer-by-layer scan of the head with subsequent digital processing of the results. This allows the doctor to detect the boundaries of the cancerous tumor, its structure and size.
Electroencephalogramis a technique for graphically recording the electrical activity of various brain structures, which makes it possible to determine the depth of the lesion of a malignant neoplasm.
Puncture biopsyis performed immediately before the operative intervention to establish the histological and cytological structure of the tumor, which is necessary in the process of resolving the final diagnosis.
Treatment of head tumors
Undoubtedly, the most effective method of treating cancer is surgical removal of pathological tissues. Because thehead cancercan be placed in hard-to-reach places long near large blood vessels, then it is not always possible to conduct surgical treatment.
In neurology, surgical intervention is combined with radiation exposure and chemotherapy.
The use of highly active X-ray radiation can destroy cancer cells before the spread of malignant tissue beyond the tumor. Cytotoxic agents are used to prevent possible recurrences of the disease or the neutralization of individual groups of mutated cells after surgical treatment.
The general scheme of anticancer therapy is as follows.
- Peredoperatsionnaya preparation includes intracranial irradiation of the tumor to stabilize cancer growth.
- The operation itself.
- Chemotherapy - cytostatic pharmaceuticals purify the body of cancer cells that can be found in the circulatory system.
It should be noted that the diagnosis of increased intracranial pressure serves as a direct cause for symptomatic surgery, because otherwise in the brain tissue can occur irreversible changes.
Treatment of metastatic brain cancer is reduced to the therapy of the main source of pathology. Cranio-cerebral metastases are amenable to radiotherapy because of its atraumatization of healthy tissues.
Palliative treatment is given to patients with an inoperable form of cancer and consists of symptomatic therapy of painful manifestations of the disease.
Recovery after removal of head cancer
After removal of the head cancerthe patient needs rehabilitation, which is carried out after the end of all medical procedures. In some cases, patients are shown to perform a plastic surgery to restore the skin of the head.
Early diagnosis of head cancers leads to a timely surgical operation, which is considered a favorable outcome of the disease. And, on the contrary, the later definition of malignant neoplasm is an unfavorable prognosis..