Treatment of carcinoma in Israel - the richest set of methods
It is impossible to list all the methods by which Israeli doctors treat a variety of malignant tumors. Already on the third or fourth day of diagnosis the patient receives a therapy program, which includes the most effective procedures, in particular, minimally invasive endoscopic and organ-saving operations, various types of thermal and chemical ablation, radiotherapy, chemotherapeutic and targeted drugs.
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* Only with the condition of obtaining data on the patient's illness, the representative of the clinic will be able to calculate the exact price for the treatment.
About the disease
Carcinoma is a large group of malignant neoplasias formed from epithelial cells - endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal tissues, including those lining the surface of internal organs. Carcinomas have several characteristic features - their cells are capable of active division and uncontrolled mitosis, have the ability to penetrate into neighboring tissues and spread to other organs.
There are many types of such neoplasias, each of them comes from a specific kind of cells: adenocarcinomas are formed from glandular tissues, squamous cell carcinomas from flat cells, etc. The pathological process begins with changes in one cell - its genetic code is broken, which leads to malignant degeneration and uncontrolled division. All the genetic information of any cell of our body is contained in the genome - a set of genes that make up each of the chromosomes. If this information is distorted, it is transmitted to all cells that will be formed from the malignant cell. The doctor's task is to stop the division and delete them.
Depending on the location of the neoplasm, the symptomatology may vary. Disturbances of respiratory function are characteristic for patients with carcinomas of the lungs, excretory - with carcinomas of the urinary system, etc. In general, there is weight loss, fatigue, there is a more or less pronounced pain syndrome.
It is understandable that many patients prefer to go to the treatment of carcinoma in Israel - that the level of medicine in the country meets the world's leading standards and is practically inaccessible to clinics of countries CIS.
Diagnosis of carcinoma in Israel
Diagnosis of carcinoma in Israel is based on a combination of efficiency and an integrated approach. In most clinics, on the first day of treatment, the first procedures are conducted, aimed at the most accurate identification of the type of disease and the selection of appropriate treatment measures. The type and number of diagnostic procedures are determined individually.
- Biopsy helps determine the type of carcinoma based on the structural features of its tissues.
- Immunohistochemical studies provide an opportunity for specific antigens to identify the belonging of neoplasia to a particular type more accurately.
- Flow cytometry and other laboratory techniques allow to determine the proliferative activity of neoplasia, assess the state of the immune system and make a number of other conclusions.
- Tests on oncomarkers, characteristic for some types of carcinoma, make it possible to quickly classify the neoplasm to a certain type already at the first stages of diagnosis.
- Radiation methods (ultrasound, MRI, CT) allow visualization of tumor structures and outline a plan for further treatment.
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Methods of carcinoma treatment in Israel
The methods of treatment of carcinoma in Israel are represented by the widest set of procedures.
If possible, surgical interventions are selected as the preferred method. Depending on the location of the tumor, various surgical techniques can be used. Israeli specialists have a colossal experience in minimally invasive and endoscopic interventions without the use of conventional open surgical access - tools are introduced through small punctures, which minimizes blood loss and the risk of complications after operation.
It is difficult to describe the entire range of surgical techniques used - this includes partial organ removal, and block resection, and excision within healthy tissues, and microsurgical excision of cutaneous neoplasms with complete control borders. Separately, mention should be made of robotic surgery - operations using the latest computerized systems, the manipulators of which successfully replace the hands of the surgeon. Robot-assisted operations make it possible to achieve the highest accuracy of intervention - about 1 mm or less.
Ablation - removal of tissues of neoplasm using high and low temperatures, ultrasound, microwave radiation, aggressive chemicals. By means of laser ablation, small skin lesions are removed, cryoablation (destruction of tumor tissues with the help of ultra-low temperatures) is used in the therapy of internal carcinomas. Radiofrequency ablation is also widely used (destruction of neoplastic tissues by electric current). Ablative techniques, in contrast to surgical methods, can remove neoplasia with minimal traumatic effects on the body, because the necessary tools are injected percutaneously.
The assortment of radiological methods of therapy is wide enough. These include remote irradiation with modern linear accelerators, and radiosurgical procedures that allow very precise effects on neoplasia of internal organs and structures. Often, radiation methods of treatment allow you to act on tissues, access to which through the methods of classical surgery is simply impossible (for example, neoplasia of the brain). Installations that are used in Israeli clinics are able to work in any modern high-precision modes, providing the possibility of stereotactic treatment (SBRT), treatment with intensity control and the shape of the ionizing beam (IMRT, VMAT).
Often used contact radiation therapy, in which a capsule with a radioactive substance is injected directly into the tumor - this method makes it possible to use higher doses of radiation, but at the same time protect healthy tissues from its harmful effect.
Various variants of systemic chemotherapy are used very often - effective chemotherapy has been developed that can suppress the growth and development of malignant cells. However, compared with the drugs used in the 20th century (and in some clinics of the former union republics that are still in use), they have a much smaller number of collateral effects. The treatment regimen is determined individually. If intensive treatment is required, combined high-dosage regimens can be prescribed with the inclusion of several drugs from different groups of antitumour agents.
Target drugs are able to deliver to the tumor a substance that destroys its tissues - this is the main difference between targeting and systemic chemotherapy. Today, Israeli clinics can offer their patients the widest range of targeted drugs that allow stop the growth of neoplasia, disrupt the processes of dividing malignant cells and cause their apoptosis - programmed self-destruction.
A striking example of this approach is the treatment of breast carcinoma in Israel, which is based on the use of monoclonal antibodies specific for the HER2 gene. Such drugs allow one to induce an immune response and reduce proliferation of malignant cells in healthy tissues due to a violation of their fission cycle.
If the neoplasia shows hormonal dependence, hormonal preparations can be used - in a number of cases, the hormonal balance change with the help of synthetic analogues of hormones allows not only to stop the growth of neoplasia, but also to achieve its regression (in particular, it concerns the therapy of neoplasms of the uterus and ovaries).
Applying both traditional and innovative therapies, Israeli oncologists invariably seek outstanding results in a high quality of life of the patient and minimize the risk of relapse after reaching remission.
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Treatment of carcinoma in Israel - cost
The overwhelming majority of foreign citizens who chose Israeli clinics were satisfied with the results. An additional plus that distinguishes carcinoma treatment in Israel is the price. Medical services here are much cheaper than in hospitals in western and northern Europe, the North American continent (usually savings of 30-40%)..