Do warts go to cancer?
Since the end of the last century,wartsand condylomas ceased to be considered exclusively cosmetic defects. It has already been proven that they play a leading role in the onset of cancer, particularly cervical cancer, mammary glands, rectal intestine, and melanoma.
The cause of neoplasm is papillomavirus. It can be detected in many people, but not all have warts or other outgrowths. The virus in the body is in an inactive form, but with a decrease in immune defense or the impact of negative factors, it begins to multiply extensively.
The virus has the ability to change skin and mucous membranes by interfering with cell growth. It is transmitted by contact of injured skin with an infectious agent, sexual intimacy or the use of household items.
What causes warts?
The incubation period, when the virus is inactive, can last several months or years. Its intensive reproduction, and the appearance of warts most often occurs when:
- weakening of immunity due to a previous viral disease or its chronicity;
- long-term self-medication with drugs that are not pathogenetic treatment of any disease (immunosuppressants, hormonal drugs);
- taking antibacterial medications or cytotoxic drugs;
- excessive exposure to open sunlight during their maximum activity;
- the frequent influence of stress factors, because of what the psycho-emotional state of a person changes;
- hormonal imbalance.
As soon as the body is weakened, papillomavirus provokes the formation of condylomas, warts or papillomas.
Risk of development of oncological diseases from warts
There are quite a lot of viral strains that have tropism to a certain localization in the body. For example, 16, 18 type predisposes to the occurrence of oral cancer, male and female reproductive organs.
Oncological condylomas can form as a result of activation of types 6 and 11. Even in the case of a benign process, effective treatment is required, since neoplasms are the source of infection, especially when they are traumatized.
When do warts degenerate into cancer?
To prevent malignancy of warts, you must pay special attention to them. Significantly increases the risk of cancerous degeneration of cells traumatization of education. This is possible when it is localized in areas of increased friction (belt area, cuffs, sock), with mechanical damage during the shaving process or washcloth during bathing.
If you notice that the wart has been ripped off, it is necessary to treat the wound surface with an antiseptic solution, for example, hydrogen peroxide or zelenok. It is not necessary in the next couple of days to wet it with water or cover with a plaster.
In the case when the integrity of the built-up edge was only broken, but it remained attached to the skin, It is recommended to consult a doctor, because traumatization can provoke a malignant transformation.
Among the other factors predisposing cancer, it is worth highlighting:
- excess body weight;
- hormonal imbalance;
- psycho-emotional failure;
Especially often the virus is activated in the presence of concomitant infectious disease, sexually transmitted.
How can I tell if a wart has become cancer?
Suspicion of malignant degeneration can be seen only if carefully observed changes in the wart. If the following symptoms appear, it is recommended to see a doctor in the near future:
- rapid increase;
- breach of integrity in the form of cracks;
- itching, tingling, aching sensations in the area of the neoplasm;
- inflammation around the formation in the form of a rim;
- violation of cutaneous or vascular pattern around the wart;
- loss of clear boundaries;
- change in color;
- the appearance of superficial droplets of blood.
In addition to changes in the characteristics of the wart, it is necessary to probe nearby lymph nodes. When the cancer process is possible, they are densified, enlarged, the appearance of immobility and adhesion to surrounding tissues.
Cancer of the skin can manifest itself in the form:
- basal cell type that affects the surface layers of the skin most often open areas of the body (face, neck, scalp). Localization can occur in the nasolabial triangle, on the nasal wings, at the corners of the eyes and temples.
- squamous type, located in the area of the lower lip and external genital organs. The patient complains of a tumor-like formation or ulcerative defect, rapidly increasing in size. The diffuse lesion of the skin is accompanied by a pain syndrome due to a pronounced inflammatory process.
- Melanoma is considered to be the most aggressive, because it often metastasizes into regional and remote areas of the body. Secondary foci of screening of cancer cells are formed, which, when multiplying, form a metastasis. Visually the melanoma is similar to a mole, but differs by uneven borders, enlarging the size and heterogeneous color.
In order to differentiate between a benign tumor and a cancer, the most effective method is the cytological and histological examination. After a careful study of the cell composition, a final diagnosis is established, on the basis of which therapeutic tactics are determined.
Treatment can be performed surgically, excising the wart within healthy tissues, and removing lymph nodes if they change. In addition, laser exposure, cryotherapy or electrocoagulation is possible.
If necessary, chemotherapy, antiviral and immunomodulators are used. They help prevent metastasis, strengthen immune defense and fight against papillomavirus.
Completely to rid the body of papillomovirus is almost impossible, therefore, it is necessary to follow some recommendations to prevent the initial appearance of a wart or relapse of the disease:
- Regularly undergo examination by a gynecologist, mammologist or urologist;
- maintain immunity by normalizing the nutritional diet, rest and sleep;
- avoid stressful situations;
- monitor the hormonal level;
- to pay attention to already available warts, in time to reveal their changes.
Having foundwartson your body, do not get upset, because virtually every person on the skin covers papillomas, moles, nevi and other formations. Particular attention should be given to formations subject to traumatic factors and, of course, warts localized in open areas of the body..