Signs of Throat Cancer in Women
Throat cancer is an oncological disease that is accompanied by a mutation and atypical cell division. The totality of such elements forms a tumor.Signs of Throat Cancer in Womendepend on the degree of damage to the oropharynx, tonsils, pharynx or vocal cords.
In the concept of "throat cancer" two types of diseases are grouped:
- Cancer of the pharynx (the tumor is located in the interval from the nose to the upper part of the respiratory tract).
- Cancer of the larynx (zone of the vocal cords).
Causes and risk factors for throat cancer in women
Malignant lesions of the throat in women are most susceptible to individuals over the age of 50 years. Key risk factors include:
- Tobacco smoking and frequent use of strong spirits.
- Hypovitaminosis or Vitamin A deficiency
- Carcinogenic effects of asbestos vapor.
- Unsatisfactory condition of the oral cavity.
Some scientists point to a link between cancer of the throat in women and a papillomatous infection that spreads sexually. Also, in 20% of cases, the swelling in the throat can be a secondary lesion in metastases of internal organs.
Significant signs of throat cancer in women
Often it is very difficult to determine the oncology of this area in the initial stages of the disease. Common signs and symptoms of throat cancer in women include:
- Changes in Voice Voice.
- Complicated swallowing of food.
- Sharp loss of body weight.
- Periodic coughing attacks, which can be accompanied by bloody discharge.
- Increased cervical lymph nodes.
- Pain syndrome, which is diffuse nature.
- Hoarseness in the voice and wheezing during breathing.
If the firstsigns of throat cancer in womenwereit is necessary to immediately seek specialized medical care.
After clarifying the patient's complaints, the doctor proceeds to the instrumental examination. There are two main ways to diagnose:
Before the procedure, the patient is anesthetized by the mucous membrane of the throat. After local anesthesia, a long and flexible hose is inserted through the mouth cavity, which is equipped with a backlight and a video camera on the working end. If, during a visual examination, a suspicion of early stage throat cancer is suspected, the specialist will remove a small part of the tumor tissue.
This technique determines the final diagnosis on the basis of histological and cytological analyzes of the biopsy specimen.
Detection of cancer cells in the throat predetermines the establishment of the stage of the cancer process.
- 0 stage - the tumor does not go beyond the throat.
- Stage 1 - malignant neoplasm of less than 7 cm in diameter and limited to the tissues of the nasopharynx.
- 2 stage - the pathology exceeds 7 cm and still does not extend to the neighboring throat structures.
- Stage 3 - cancerous tissues reach considerable size and affect nearby organs and systems.
- Stage 4 - Throat cancer in women is observed with metastases in the lymph nodes and internal organs.
To clarify the size of the malignant neoplasm and the extent of pathological tissue, the doctor prescribes computer and magnetic resonance imaging. These examinations are an x-ray scan of organs and systems.
Throat cancer in women - photo:
Treatment of Throat Cancer in Women
There are different options for treating throat oncology. The choice of an adequate method of treatment depends on the stage of the oncological process and the prevalence of pathology.
If the tumor is detected at the initial stages of growth, then the specialist can offer the patient to perform operative removal of mutated tissues. Such an operation, as a rule, is carried out under local anesthesia.
Some patients after surgery may experience the following complications:
- difficulty in swallowing solid foods;
- asymmetry of the neck and face;
- lack of conversational function;
- labored breathing;
- skin scars, creases in the neck.
After surgical removal of cancer, experts recommend taking a course of radiation treatment. This technique destroys cancer cells with the help of high-energy X-rays.
Indication for cytostatic treatment is a significant tumor size and involvement in the oncological process of the cervical lymph nodes. Chemotherapy has a systemic effect on the body and is capable of neutralizing cancer cells, both within the tumor and in the lymphoid tissue. In most cases, the course of cytotoxic drugs is prescribed in conjunction with radiation therapy, which increases the anti-cancer effect of treatment.
Long-term prognosis of throat cancer in women
According to the American National Cancer Institute, timely diagnosis of cancer of the throat provides a 90% survival rate for patients of both sexes. Even in the case of the spread of the tumor process to the cervical lymph nodes, the cure of patients occurs in 50-60% of clinical cases.
If cancer cells are found in distant organs and systems, then a full recovery is impossible. In such cases, the patient undergoes a complex of palliative treatment aimed at eliminating certain symptoms of the disease. Malignant neoplasms in the later stages after the application of radiation and chemotherapy, in most cases, can be stabilized or transferred to the stage of persistent remission.
Signs of Throat Cancer in Womencan also be observed several years after treatment. To prevent the recurrence of the disease, many oncologists recommend that their patients regularly undergo medical examinations. Periodicity of visits to a specialist should be at least once a year. At such a reception, the oncologist performs palpation, an analysis for cancer markers and radiography..