How to recognize metastases of melanoma?
"Melanoma" - this diagnosis increasingly sounds from the lips of oncologists. The disease is a malignant tumor, which is characterized by aggressive development. The most dangerous in this situation are consideredmetastases of melanoma, because of which the pathological process is an almost incurable disease.
No wonder it says that the enemy should know in person, and after all melanoma is the most terrible enemy. Many people perceive this disease as a sentence, but is it really so? And in general - is it real to cure ailment?
What is melanoma?
This is a kind of skin cancer. The disease occurs in people of absolutely any age. What happens in this case in the human body?
Inside the human body there are pigments such as melanin, which is responsible for coloring the skin and protects it from the aggressive effects of ultraviolet radiation. This pigment produces cells called melanocytes. As a result of the degeneration of melanocytes, this malignant tumor appears.
Melanoma specialists consider the most dangerous of all tumors of the skin. This is due to its rapid growth, as well as its propensity for rapid formation of metastases in the lymph nodes and internal organs.
People who abuse staying in direct sunlight, and also like to often go to the solarium, the probability of "earning" melanoma increases dramatically. What does this have to do with the disease? Direct! Excessive dose of ultraviolet leads to increased production of melanin, as a result of which their growth and further degeneration into a malignant form occurs.
The genetic predisposition and the hormonal background in the body also have significance.
It is better not to start the process until metastasis of melanoma, but pay attention to the first signs of the disease, namely:
- a new birthmark is growing rapidly or the old one, which has been unchanged until now, begins to increase;
- the neoplasm has fuzzy edges or the contour line of the old formation has changed;
- color change.
What is dangerous for this disease?
Metastasis of melanoma is the main danger! In just a couple of months or even weeks, they can hit vital organs, including: lungs, stomach, liver and others.
Metastases of a cancerous tumor are characterized by rapid and early development. In the first place, the most closely affected are the nearby lymph nodes and skin.
The risk of the spread of atypical cells is explained by the following:
- Metastasis most often occurs when the body simply does not have the strength to fight the disease;
- the spread of cancer cells interferes with the normal functioning of organs and systems;
- there are strong pain sensations that disturb the general condition of the patient;
- the risk of a lethal outcome increases at times.
The first signs of melanoma metastasis
The clinical manifestations of metastasis of melanoma differ depending on the location of their localization. For example, if the lesion is the abdominal cavity, then ascites develops, that is, a large amount of fluid begins to accumulate.
If the bones are affected, then severe pains occur in the body and the propensity to fractures increases.
When the cancer cells are spreading to the liver, jaundice, pain in the right hypochondrium, weight loss, and the like appear in the patients.
The main problem is that most of the metastases remain insensitive to chemotherapy, so in this case, the emphasis in treatment is on alleviating the symptoms and maximizing the quality of life rights.
Is it possible to cure metastases of melanoma and what treatment is customary for today?
Treatment of the disease at the initial stages has a favorable prognosis, but the conversation is completely different with the stages started.
If the process of tumor spread has affected the lymph nodes, in addition to the fact that the primary tumor is removed, regional lymph nodes are also cut out. The probability that cancer cells have spread in them is quite high, so doctors do not take risks, but carry out a resection.
If the metastases penetrated the internal organs, the predictions are extremely unfavorable. In the event that it is possible to perform a surgical intervention, while not compromising the quality of life of the patient, then it is carried out. Thanks to the work of surgeons, the disease can be taken under control, as well as lengthen the life of the cancer patient.
In addition to surgical intervention, specialists apply other methods of treatment, among which are the following:
- radiation therapy;
- radiosurgical method.
The tactics of treatment for the spread of a tumor are influenced by the following factors:
- number of metastases;
- how quickly they spread;
- the effectiveness of previous treatment;
- general health of the patient;
- the patient's desire to fight the disease.
Summing up, we can draw the following conclusions: melanoma is a serious disease that should not be feared, but with which it is necessary to fight! Do not wait until there aremetastases of melanoma, react already at the first signs of ailment! Ask for qualified help from experienced professionals, and be healthy!.