Symptoms of Throat Cancer in Women
Malignant neoplasms of the throat can form in the esophagus, larynx, vocal cords, thyroid gland and pharyngeal cells. The most susceptible to this pathology are smokers and people who abuse strong alcoholic beverages. Basicsymptoms of throat cancer in womeninclude severe pain, swelling and voice changes.
Etiology of cancer of the throat in women
A reliable cause of throat cancer in women has not been established to date, but many experts believe that in 80% of cases, a key role in the development of a tumor in the throat belongs to tobacco products.
In medical practice, it is common to distinguish between the following risk factors for cancer of the throat:
- tobacco smoking;
- stable or excessive use of alcohol;
- chronic goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland);
- exposure to ionizing radiation;
- genetic predisposition (a burdened family anamnesis).
Throat cancer: symptoms and obvious signs in women
The clinical picture of this cancer includes the following symptoms and signs of throat cancer in women:
- slowly swelling of the throat;
- constant dry cough;
- presence of drops of blood in the sputum;
- sensation of foreign body in the throat;
- change voice timbre in the form of hoarseness;
- pain in the affected area, which gradually becomes more intense;
- Pain can also be localized in the ears;
- difficulty in swallowing;
- labored breathing;
- increased regional lymph nodes;
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (frequent reflux, constipation or diarrhea).
Ways of distribution
Malignant neoplasms of this region originate from flat cells of the mucous membrane and can spread into deep muscle layers. Some types of tumors of the thyroid gland take up the trachea in the process of growth, which is accompanied by depression of the respiratory function. Cancer cells from the oncologic focus in later stages penetrate into the blood and lymphatic vessels, forming metastases in distant organs and systems (liver and lungs).
Diagnosis of Throat Cancer in Women
The establishment of an oncologic diagnosis involves a number of diagnostic measures.
- Clarification of the medical history, which includes the study of the patient's complaints, family history, living conditions and work of the patient.
- Physical examination of cancer patients. The doctor examines the mucous membrane of the throat with a special spatula and a mirror.
- Video stroboscopy is an examination of the larynx by means of an optical device with a video camera that is placed in the vocal cords through the nasal passages.
- Biopsy, which is considered the most reliable method for determining the final diagnosis. The doctor oncologist at the same time seizes a small area of suspicious tissue for carrying out histological and cytological analyzes. At the conclusion of the biopsy, the species, distribution and stage of the throat cancer are indicated.
- CT scan.
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
- Positron Emission Tomography.
- A common and advanced blood test.
- Radiography of the thyroid gland after administration of radioactive isotopes into the body.
Symptoms of throat cancer in women - photo
Methods of treatment of throat cancer in women
The choice of the method of therapy of oncology of the throat depends on the stage of growth, location and type of malignant neoplasm.
Operative intervention includes complete excision of mutated tissues. During the operation, the thyroid gland, part of the muscular system, laryngeal tissue and tongue are often removed. The volume of excised elements depends on the size and location of the malignant neoplasm. When the regional lymph nodes are involved in the pathological process, the surgeon also removes them.
The essence of the method consists in the dot effect of ionizing radiation on the area of the oncologic focus. Highly active radiological rays kill cancer cells.
The systemic effect on the body with oncological cytostatic agents destroys malignant cells. This anti-cancer treatment is used in combination with radiation therapy or for the neutralization of metastatic organ damage.
Complex treatment of throat tumors
It consists of the combined use of surgery, radiotherapy and cytotoxic agents.
Long-term oncological monitoring
It is carried out for patients who have undergone the main course of anticancer therapy. Prevention of recurrence of the disease is possible with regular examination of patients and carrying out an annual roentgenography of the neck.
This complex of medical measures includes assistance of a nutritionist, speech therapist and physiotherapist. These specialists help the patient cope with the consequences of radical surgery.
Symptoms of side effects of anti-cancer therapy for throat tumors
Most cancer patients after a course of chemotherapy can feel nausea and vomiting. In such cases, the patient also notes hair loss.
- Scars and neck deformities:
The degree of expression of these signs depends on the scale of the surgical intervention.
- Speech problems:
Operations on the larynx inevitably entail a partial or complete absence of speech. Such changes, depending on the number of removed tissues, can be both temporary and permanent.
The restoration of the speech function in such cases is achieved in the following ways:
- Establishment of a removable silicone voice prosthesis.
- Specialists teach the patient to use air from the esophagus to reproduce sounds.
- Use of an artificial larynx, which is held by the patient on the neck or in the mouth.
- Disturbance of the swallowing function:
Datasymptoms of throat cancer in womenafter a surgical operation is not always eliminated completely. To solve this problem, the patient is introduced food probes (temporary tubes for unobstructed passage of food and water)..