Pills from cancer
Tablets from cancer are chemotherapeutic agents that are taken by a person through the mouth. This type of pharmaceutical has the same activity as injectable chemotherapy.
Advantage of the tablet form of cytotoxic agents is the possibility of outpatient treatment. A significant disadvantage of this type of therapy is its high cost. The annual course of taking the drug costs 50 000 - 150 000 thousand US dollars.
How to fix a pill against cancer?
Tablets against cancer are predominantly taken by the patient at home. Use these means of cancer treatment together with a large amount of water about half an hour before receiving the bulk of the food. This is due to the fact that the agent is split and digested better in the presence of food particles.
Sometimes, in cases of inability to swallow tablets, the patient is offered to take water-soluble drugs against cancer. The number of receptions per day, basically, is two times.
If the patient has complications after the first use of the chemotherapeutic agent, it is necessary to immediately notify the attending physician about this.
Here are some more recommendations regarding the preservation of cancer drugs:
- Keep the tablets in their original packaging at room temperature.
- Pharmaceutical products should not be directly exposed to direct sunlight or other forms of thermal energy.
- Placement of chemotherapeutic agents should be out of the reach of children.
- In case of discontinuation, the remaining tablets should be returned to the pharmacist.
Treatment of cancer with pills - possible side effects
- Increased likelihood of infection with various infections
Chemotherapy drugs against cancer reduce the number of white blood cells in the blood. This significantly increases the chances of viral or bacterial inflammation. Low white blood cell count is called neutropenia.
Patients should consult a doctor if the following symptoms are found:
- Persistent increase in body temperature to 37 ° C or 38 ° C.
- Feeling of malaise, which can be accompanied by normal temperature readings.
- The presence of common symptoms of infection in the form of pain in the throat, cough, diarrhea.
The number of white blood cells, as a rule, comes back to normal before the next course of chemotherapy. If the state of the immune system is not restored, the attending physician may prescribe the use of immunostimulants.
Tablets against cancercan reduce the level of red blood cells. These cells carry oxygen throughout the body. A low amount of erythrocytes leads to chronic fatigue and shortness of breath. In case of anemia, the patient needs urgent blood transfusion.
- The appearance of bruises and hemorrhages
Cytostatic cancer drugs block the development of platelets, which are the blood cells responsible for the formation of clots. The signs of this complication are:
- Frequent nasal bleeding.
- Acute hemorrhagic inflammation of the gums.
- Blood spots or a rash on the skin.
- Spontaneous bouts of vomiting
This complication occurs during the first days of chemotherapy. To prevent vomiting attacks, the oncologist in most cases appoints a parallel intake of antiemetics.
Sometimes this can be a serious problem. Patients should be given a sufficient amount of liquid (at least 2 liters each day) during the course of cytotoxic drugs. If diarrhea is repeated 4-5 times a day, the patient should be referred to the hospital, where the doctors will decide whether to continue the anticancer therapy.
- Dental diseases
During this period, most patients have acute gingivitis and periodontitis, which are accompanied by the formation of ulcerative lesions of the oral mucosa. Prevention measures are reduced to regular cleaning of teeth and timely treatment of diseases of hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity.
- Loss of appetite
During chemotherapy in many patients there is a decrease in appetite. In such cases, nutritionists recommend eating small portions and include in the daily diet foods rich in protein and fiber.
In rare casescancer tabletsprovoke painful attacks in the abdomen and constipation.
- Change in taste perception
Sometimes people complain about the bitter aftertaste that arose from the first days of conservative treatment. To prevent such complications, the patient should try to use more spices and herbs to give the food a pleasant aroma.
- Soreness and redness of the palms of the hands and soles of the feet
To mitigate the manifestations of this complication, doctors are credited with the regular use of moisturizing creams.
The feeling of chronic fatigue is a fairly common complication during the treatment of cancer by pills. When there is increased sleepiness, patients should not sit behind the wheel or perform complex technical tasks. During the reception of cytostatics, patients are recommended to spend more time for rest and relaxation..