Breast Cancer Stage 4
Like other malignant neoplasms,Breast Cancer Stage 4represents the final stage of the oncological course. This process is also called metastatic or secondary, that is, it already takes place not only in the initially affected area, but also outside it.
What is the risk of breast cancer in the fourth stage?
To answer this question, first of all, you need to understand what a malignant education is.
A tumor is the result of a mutation and unrestrained cell division, which were previously full, healthy and performed their functions.
The main danger in this case is the rapid defeat of other organs and systems. For example, with the appearance of metastases in the lungs, dry cough, difficulty breathing. In addition, during chemotherapy patients feel constant weakness, immunity decreases, which contributes to the connection of other diseases.
From an aesthetic point of view, it is worth mentioning that the breast is unattractive after a mastectomy, which is often a psychological trauma for a woman.
And in the end, a breast tumor at a neglected stage is fatal if the treatment is ineffective.
Early signs of breast cancer 4 stages
The manifestations of metastatic (in a different "secondary") process can begin and for several years after the diagnosis of breast cancer. In rare cases, the fourth stage is established as a primary diagnosis, that is, the first three stages were asymptomatic and were not noticed, which is not surprising. Often, thoracic oncology in the early stages does not disrupt the life of the patient, but is found when passing medical examinations and medical examinations.
The earliest signs of a breast tumor are:
- deterioration of well-being;
- increased weakness, myasthenia gravis, dizziness;
- a sharp rise in temperature to 39-49 degrees;
- hyperemia and edema in the mammary gland;
- the formation of "goosebumps" in the affected area;
- presence of retracted skin areas in place of the nipple;
- asymmetrical, clearly noticeable increase in one of the breasts;
- purulent discharge from the nipple.
Thus, depending on which of the organs is susceptible to damage, it depends on which complaints will come to the fore. But often enough, the fourth stage is manifested by common symptoms in the form of fatigue, unmotivated malaise, decreased appetite, headaches.
More specific complaints include pain in the bones, which do not cease to disturb, regardless of physical activity and time of day. Patients often noticeably lose weight with a constant sensation of nausea. When lung metastases appear in patients, dry cough begins and difficulty breathing (dyspnea). There is a feeling of discomfort in the hypochondrium and an increase in the volume of the abdomen.
The transition to the last stage of the disease can be suspected in cases where:
- almost all the iron contains mutated cells;
- primary localization of neoplasm of very large size, i.e. more than 5 centimeters;
- there is a proliferation of peripheral lymph nodes (inguinal, axillary, supra- and subclavian, etc.);
- distant metastases are found in other systems.
What tests and tests should I take?
To check the diagnosis, in the first place, conduct such examinations:
- Visual examination of mammary glands by a mammologist.
- Ultrasonic scanning of the breast.
- Analyzes for oncomarkers.
Since metastases at the fourth stage are also found in remote organs, the following studies are carried out:
- General tests of blood and urine.
- Radiography of the lungs.
- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity organs.
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
- Computer tomography of the brain.
- Pleural puncture in the presence of fluid in the lungs.
- Breast biopsy.
- A biopsy of those organs where metastases are suspected.
Which of the above methods should be used depends on the presence of symptoms and complaints and are determined by the doctor.
Treatment of breast cancer of the 4th stage
Traditional methods, defined by a doctor, imply a complex of therapeutic measures. Therapy is carried out to the maximum effect, and then another couple of courses, if you want to consolidate the result. Thus, therapy can last for several months and even years.
Drug interventions include chemotherapeutic drugs, hormones and molecular-targeted therapy.
The hormonal preparations containing estrogen and progesterone, are selected at presence of those or other receptors sensitive to them in the damaged mammary gland.
Radiation therapy takes the main position in the treatment of tumors of any location, including breast cancer.
In addition to fighting the tumor focus, it is necessary to carry out maintenance therapy, consisting of transfusion of blood and its components in the presence of signs of anemia and a decrease in the number of platelets. In addition, with inhibition of liver function, a substitutional deficiency of albumin therapy is performed.
Surgical intervention is represented by conducting a mastectomy to reduce the poisoning of the woman's body by the products of tumor disintegration. The fact is that under the influence of the decomposing tumor and its products, the body's strengths and reserves are significantly depleted, which can not but affect the general state of health in the fight against the tumor.
Treatment with folk remedies
Nontraditional techniques have always taken place in the treatment and prevention of cancer. Traditional medicine has taken root in the minds of many patients, but it is worth remembering the seriousness of the oncological process. And yet, do not rely on "recipes from my grandmother but you need to follow the doctor's appointments.
Painkillers that are prescribed for stage 4 breast cancer
Painkillers in this situation can be divided into several groups, depending on the type and nature of the pain.
So, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used for pain in bones, infiltrations of soft tissues and enlargement of the liver. These include "Aspirin "Ibuprofen "Naise "Paracetamol" and others.
With moderate pain, the treating doctor prescribes funds related to the weak opioid. For example, "Tramal "Codeine".
With worsening of the condition and intolerable pains, the treating physician decides on the appointment of strong opioid medications, such as Morphine, Methadone, Oxymorphone and others.
It is still possible to prescribe local anesthetics that facilitate the course of some local manifestations, for example, ulcers in the mouth that appear as a result of chemotherapeutic measures.
How many patients live with this diagnosis?
Even with such a terrible disease you can not despair and consider that everything is useless. In the absence of signs of decompensation of vital organs such as the kidneys, lungs, liver, without disturbances in the blood system (change in the number of platelets), chemotherapy is carried out. With its use, the average life expectancy is 4-5 years, but since everything is strictly individual, some patients have a significant increase in life expectancy.
How to prolong life in breast cancer of the 4th stage?
To achieve this goal, the main rule is not to give up: to seek treatment for an experienced doctor, to comply with all of its recommendations. Do not forget about the importance of autosuggestion and how stress, emotional feelings and moods affect the state of the body. You can not give up and think only of the bad. The forecast of life expectancy is favorable, and medical technologies are moving forward - new methods of treatment appear every year and survival is increasing.
Oncological diseases now occupy one of the main places among all in terms of frequency, but whatever these diseases seem terrible, they are still amenable to treatment. So,Breast Cancer Stage 4is not a verdict for women. Many patients at this stage with the help of adequate therapy managed to prolong life for up to several years. The main thing is to believe in the best!.