The prognosis and how does the neurosarcoma look like
Oncological lesions of the nervous system can be benign and malignant. A characteristic feature of such diseases is the inaccessibility of the neoplasm for diagnosis and treatment. In most casesneurosarcomaIs a non-epithelial tumor of the brain or spinal cord.
Types of neurosarcoma tumors
Neoplasms of the nervous system are divided into two main types:
- Primary tumors, among which there are the following forms:
- Ganglioneuroblastoma is a cancer pathology, the source of which are two kinds of undifferentiated cells: neuroblasts and ganglion cells.
- Neuroblastoma is an aggressive neoplasm diagnosed at an early age.
- Astroblastoma is an atypical proliferation of neuroglial cells of the cerebral hemispheres.
- Oligodendroglioblastoma is a low-specific pathology of the central nervous system.
- Glyoblastoma, which is the most common malignant anomaly of neurogenic origin.
- Choroid carcinoma is an oncological lesion of the cells of the arachnoid membrane, which are responsible for the secretion of the CSF.
- Ependymoblastoma is a pathology of embryonic brain tissue.
- Schwannoma - malignant mutations of the nerve endings.
- Secondary oncoformations. The cause of the formation of metastases are cancer of the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, bones and other body systems.
Causes and risk factors
Scientific research in the field of the etiology of malignant neoplasms of the central nervous system continues to this day. Many experts agree that the occurrence of this disease can stimulate the following risk factors:
- Sexual accessory. According to statistics, men are more prone to neurosarcoma than women.
- Age. It has been experimentally proved that the number of spontaneous mutations in the human body increases with age, which in turn contributes to the development of cancer.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Stay patient in the area of action of radioactive radiation.
- Carcinogens (mutagens that cause cancer).
- Unsatisfactory ecology.
- Harmful working conditions.
Symptoms and manifestations
Patients should remember that the manifestations of the disease can be diverse, which is associated with the location of the tumor. Also it is necessary to take into account the expressed symptomatology of the primary process and the blurred clinical picture of brain metastases.
Below are generalized signs of the development of a neurosarcoma tumor:
- periodic epileptic seizures, the frequency of which depends on the size of the pathological focus;
- frequent sudden convulsive conditions;
- sometimes the symptoms of stroke (hemorrhage into the brain tissue) are observed in patients;
- internal bleeding;
- intense pain syndrome, which can occur as a migraine or back pain;
- violation of the basic senses (hearing, sight, taste, smell and vision).
Oncological vigilance should cause a combination of local symptoms and general intoxication of the body. Thus, for example, the patient has long-term headaches, sudden hearing loss or vision, which combined with weight loss and chronic malaise, are the reason for an immediate visit to the oncologist.
What does the diagnosis include?
The key to the effectiveness of the treatment of this pathology is timely diagnostics. For this, a person with oncological symptoms undergoes the following diagnostic manipulations:
- CT scan:digital processing of radiographic images increases the detail and accuracy of the image of the damaged part of the body.
- Magnetic resonance imaging: Layer-by-layer scanning of the nervous system reveals the prevalence and location of malignant neoplasm.
- Radioisotope study:This procedure is based on the ability of radioactive particles to concentrate in the mutation area.
- Angiography:the study of the vasculature in the tumor part of the body (cancer angiography) allows to estimate the degree of blood supply to the tumor.
- Puncture of spinal fluid and lobular content:these examinations are nothing more than a biopsy. Histological analysis of the biopsy determines the type and stage of pathology.
- Electroencephalography:graphic recording of the electromagnetic activity of the brain is necessary for clarifying the functional state of brain structures.
Modern treatment of neurosarcoma
In oncology practice, the treatment of brain sarcoma includes the following techniques:
Radical excision of a cancerous tumor is the most effective way of therapy. But surgery in this case has a number of contraindications because of the inaccessibility of education or the proximity of large vessels and vital centers.
Recently, the technologies "gamma-knife" and "cyber-knife" have become widespread. The success of such manipulations lies in the high-precision dosed irradiation of oncology, in which neighboring healthy structures of the brain are practically not damaged.
The introduction of cytotoxic agents into the treatment course often indicates a late and inoperable form of cancer. This technique is palliative.
The prognosis of the disease in the early stages, when there is a possibility of surgical excision of the mutation, is favorable. Positive results are also very often shown after radiological impact on the tumor.
Neurosarcoma, which is localized in an inaccessible place for surgery or having extremely aggressive growth, is an unfavorable factor for a patient's life. In such cases, the ailment ends in a fatal outcome. Therapeutic help while eliminating only certain manifestations of the disease..