How to overcome cancerophobia?
The number of oncological pathologies grows with increasing speed every year. This is due to environmental factors, improper diet, occupational hazards, untimely diagnosis of precancerous diseases, late treatment of patients for help to doctors, etc. In addition to somatic diseases, in some cases be diagnosedcarcinophobia.
It refers to the pathology of the nervous system, arises against a background of altered psycho-emotional state in people prone to depression, hypochondria. Sometimes the fear is so pronounced that due to distrust of the doctors. Thus, the patient does not manage to help, which leads to serious mental and somatic disorders.
What is carcinergicism?
Carcinophobia is a mental disorder, based on fear of cancer. The basis for the development of pathology is depression, panic disorder, anxiety disorders, but sometimes the pathology develops against the background of well-being.
If a person is hypochondriac and he often complains about the deterioration of health, the appearance of cancer, he can, on a subconscious level, invent a disease, from which he will suffer. Fear of malignant pathology is so strong that even medical personnel can not convince in the absence of disease and change the person's opinion.
Among obsessive fears of modern diseases, carcinophobia takes a leading position. The wide prevalence is due to:
- general opinion about the incurability of cancer;
- presentation of the suffering of cancer patients in the last stages of malignant disease;
- high prevalence;
- information base, because with the help of the media raise questions about the incurability of cancer, etc.
To cope with the pathology, it is necessary not only medical treatment, but also counseling psychologist, psychiatrist.
Who can have cancer phobia?
The most susceptible to the development of carcinophobia are people who:
- mental disorder;
- neurological diseases;
- hormonal disorders (climacteric period);
- there are relatives (friends) who suffer from oncology;
- hypochondriacs who are frightened of themselves, surrounded by terrible ailments.
Causes of development of carcinophobia
Given the fact that cancer diseases are among the top ten causes of death, carcinophobia takes place, but it all depends on its severity and severity. To be afraid of oncological diseases, of course, it is worthwhile to adhere to preventive recommendations, which will significantly reduce the risk of their occurrence. But in some cases, this fear becomes so strong that panic fear develops.
Throughout life, a person has to face this ailment, directly or indirectly, because of what a mental disorder can be formed. Especially if the disease touched him in the form of a benign neoplasm or a relative / friend / friend died from it.
The reasons that lead to the appearance of cancer fear include:
- Genetic predisposition.
- Mental disorders (hypochondria, panic attacks, anxiety, neurosis, psychopathy, schizophrenia).
Among the provoking factors, it is worth highlighting the detection of precancerous pathology in humans, weight loss, death a relative of oncological disease, the "impressiveness" of a person, as a result of which he lends himself to an information attack with the media. Also, the risk is significantly increased in the presence of hormonal imbalance (climacteric period).
Symptoms of beginning carcinophobia
The first signs of ailment often appear against the background of the previous situation, which caused a strong emotional reaction. The person starts complaining about the deterioration of health, violates the psycho-emotional state (tearfulness, apathy, depression with an alarming component).
In other cases, a person becomes aggressive, angry, as his experiences do not share. He begins to collect additional information about oncoprocesses (books, the Internet, publications, stories of acquaintances). Sometimes it can completely close in itself.
Often, patients go to the hospital on their own to complete a complete examination, complain about the appearance of various clinical symptoms, put a preliminary diagnosis on their own. In most cases, there is a lack of confidence in doctors, as they can not timely diagnose cancer and cope with it.
Over time, the symptoms become more obvious, irritability, aggression appear, there is no contact with others, as a person does not understand and does not share his experiences.
How is it customary to treat carcinophobia today?
Therapeutic tactics in case of fear of getting cancer is a complete examination of the patient in order to eliminate the somatic pathology, which is related to precancerous processes. For this purpose, a laboratory examination of blood, urine, sputum (if any), instrumental diagnostics (ultrasound examination, radiography, computer, magnetic resonance imaging, biopsy with histological, cytological analysis).
If necessary, an analysis is performed to search for oncomarkers. The diagnosis of a carcinophobia is established by the psychologist on the basis of results of inspection at which the somatic pathology is not revealed, and also during conversation with the patient.
The psychologist finds out when complaints have appeared, what they were caused by, what happened the day before, where the patient was addressing, whether he was self-medicated. During the consultation, the psychiatrist excludes mental disorders (schizophrenia, psychopathy).
Therapists are engaged in treatment, which includes:
- Medication correction with the use of tranquilizers and other sedatives.
- Therapy of the basic neurological, mental pathology.
In connection with the fact that the cause of fear lies in the depths of the human subconscious in order to influence the psychological disorders that have arisen, a long period of time is required. To influence the "subconscious" is used psychoanalysis, deep, family psychotherapy.
What are the complications of carcinophobia?
Due to mistrust of doctors, a person makes self-medication attempts - taking dietary supplements, using traditional medicine techniques, fasting, "cleansing" the body by any means. Thus, the patient does have health problems (dysfunction of the digestive tract, endocrine, cardiac systems), which is whycarcinophobiaprogresses and real precancerous conditions can develop..