Polyps in the ears
Benign neoplasm orpolyps in the earsare a proliferation of the mucosa, consisting of a granulation tissue. This pathology can be localized in the outer and middle ear.
The main factor in the development of the disease is chronic inflammation of the ear tissue and genetic predisposition.
Polyp in the earmanifests itself in the following clinical picture:
- Periodic excretion of pus.
- Pain and foreign body sensation.
- Noises in the ears and headaches.
- Gradual reduction of hearing acuity.
What complications is the polyp in the ear dangerous?
Atypical proliferation of tissues can lead to complete deafness of the patient. In some conditions, this pathology can be transformed into ear cancer.
Also, the presence of ear polyps complicates the outflow of infection with concomitant purulent inflammation, which in turn, contributes to the further spread of the infectious process.
Factors in which the polyp in the ear can go to cancer
Adverse factors that can cause malignant transformation of the ear polyp are:
- Prolonged course of concomitant inflammatory process.
- Mechanical trauma of atypical neoplasm.
- Chronic irritation of the tympanic membrane by granulomatous tissues.
Exact signs of degeneration into cancer
The following symptoms indicate the cancerous degeneration of the ear polyp:
- bloody discharge from the auricle;
- intense attacks of pain;
- weight loss and lack of appetite;
- general malaise and fatigue.
How to prevent a cancerous transformation?
Prevention of malignant transformation of polyposis proliferation is the timely treatment of otitis and its consequences. Also, patients, after conservative or surgical treatment, are recommended to consult a doctor-otolaryngologist periodically for preventive examination.
Diagnosis of the disease, usually based on otoscopy (visual inspection of the mucous membrane of the ear with a special lighting device). Some patients need additional diagnostic procedures to clarify the diagnosis: a blood test, a biopsy, computer and magnetic resonance imaging.
Polyps in the ears and their treatment
Therapy of this kind of lesion is carried out in the following ways:
Conservative treatment or medication
Includes the use of hormonal (steroid) creams and bactericidal agents. In case of detection of fungal microflora, the attending physician additionally prescribes antifungal drugs. Such therapy is shown exclusively in the early stages of benign growth. The failure to medicate the primary focus or significant size of the polyp serves as a direct cause for radical intervention.
Surgical removal of the polyp in the ear
Rapid removal of polyposis is the main method of treatment. More than 70% of patients are carrying out surgical excision of the polyp.
The essence of the operation is to remove the build-up by means of a special surgical loop that dissects the leg of the polyp and thereby gently separates the pathological tissues from the physiologically normal ones.
Excision of a neoplasm by a loop can be carried out on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia. After the operation, the wound surface is treated with silver nitrate or chromic acid, followed by rinsing with saline solution. This is necessary to ensure the sterility of the mucosa.
Radical intervention in stationary conditions is performed in cases of a fistulous course. In this case, the patient is diagnosed with a fistulous symptom (pressing a finger on the ear bud causes a small amount of fluid to be extracted from the fistula).
Currently, this type of therapy is considered an alternative method of removal of polyps and is in the stage of clinical trials.
It is combined with antihistamines. This type of treatment is in addition to the rehabilitation of the operated patient.
The outcome of the disease is usually favorable. Complete excision of the pathological focus ensures complete recovery of the patient.
Polyps in the earswith their incomplete removal retain an increased tendency to relapse and cancer degeneration..