Cough with cancer (lungs, throat, stomach, chest)
In healthy people, cough serves to protect the respiratory tract from chemical irritants and foreign bodies.Cough with canceris chronic and often accompanied by blood. Cough is the main sign of both primary and secondary malignant formation and can signal a metastatic lung injury.
You should pay attention to a cough with cancer, which lasts for 8 weeks and does not respond to any therapy. Cough can be dry or wet, occur at any time of the day and interfere with the normal life of a person.
Cough for Lung Cancer
Cough for Lung Cancerarises from the stimulation of the mechanoreceptors, directly or indirectly. This is due to obstruction and accumulation of sputum, as well as the release of inflammatory mediators in tumor tissues, which affects the peripheral nerves.
Causes of coughing with lung cancer:
- direct action of tumor mass, i.e. obstruction;
- pleural pericarditis;
- bleeding in lung cancer;
- lymphatic carcinomatosis;
- upper vena cava syndrome;
- as a result of radiation therapy or less often chemotherapy.
Evaluation of cough in lung cancer:
Careful study of the history of the disease and the causes of the onset is a fundamental factor in determining the method of therapy.
In order to identify,what cough for lung cancer, the following factors should be considered:
- type of cough (productive / non-productive);
- presence of provocative conditions;
- review of medications taken;
- consideration of possible concomitant respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Characteristics of cough:
- chronic smoking cough;
- cough that does not go away or gets worse over time;
- dull ache in coughing in the thoracic region;
- coughing up blood is the main reason for concern.
Cough in lung cancer: treatment
The cough therapy in cancer is primarily aimed at the positive elimination of the underlying disease. However, with severe attacks it is advisable to apply methods aimed at managing symptoms. These include:
- The use of oral corticosteroids (for example, prednisolone, 30 mg 1 p. per day), which provides rapid relief.
- Systemic chemotherapy and / or radiation therapy often gives the most positive results of treatment of small cell lung cancer.
How to relieve cough in lung cancer:
To cough with lung cancer does not aggravate the patient's condition, it is recommended to follow the general rules:
- drink plenty of water (, glasses for 24 hours);
- use means to prevent coughing;
- use humidifiers;
- use hot herbal tea mixed with lemon juice;
- use special tinctures or other means;
- adhere to the advice of the attending physician;
- Also avoid tobacco smoke, cold air, dust and situations that affect the call of coughing attacks (smell, throat overstrain, etc.).
Cough in throat cancer
Cough in throat cancermay occur as a result of obstruction of the respiratory tube, and therefore requires an integrated approach to the treatment of the underlying disease. Symptomatic cough treatment for throat cancer should begin with the use of demulsuents, such as glycerin and the usual cough mixture.
Patients with external compression of the respiratory tract may be prescribed a 2-week course of steroids, although this is not always an effective method of therapy.
A centralized effect on the cause of cough is also observed with the use of opioids, which is the next step in treatment. In this regard, "Morphine" and "Methadone" can be considered.
General treatment should include quality management of the speech device and hygiene of the voice.
Cough as a consequence of metastases
The spread of a tumor into the lungs can be indicated by a cough that accompanies manyCancerand occurs at later stages of the course of the disease.
Cough is observed in cases where cancer cells settle on the outside of the lungs. They irritate the membranes that cover the lungs or their membrane - the pleura, which causes the formation of fluid. As a result, the formed fluid with cancer accumulates and presses on the lungs, making breathing difficult. Eventually cough leads to a serious complication - pleural effusion. Symptoms remain common.
Cough as a consequence of metastasesin such situations may indicate the defeat of various organs and foresees the corresponding main causes of the disease therapy.
Cough with stomach cancer
- Taking antitussive drugs, which include benzonate, codeine and dextromethorphan, and also the use of the drug "Hydrocodone Bitartate Gomatropin".
- Use expectorants with a common ingredient of guaifenesin.
- The use of drugs with a common ingredient pseudoephedrine acting on certain receptors of the mucous membrane of the lungs and respiratory tract, thereby causing a narrowing of the channels and relaxation.
- The intake of antihistamines, in particular brompheniramine, cetirizine, chlorpheniramine, dimedrol, and others.
Cough in breast cancer
The initial therapy focuses on the peripheral action of such drugs as Demulcentes. More persistent symptoms require the addition or replacement of drugs that affect the central nervous system.
The late stages of the disease foresee the use of strong opioids for analgesia. In these cases, it is also recommended to use menthol inhalations, which reduces the cough reflex.
As a treatment option, such drugs as "Baclofen "Thalidomide "Gepabentin "Carbamazepine etc. can be considered.
Cough with thyroid cancer
To maximally ease cough with thyroid cancer, the following drugs are recommended: