Tumor on the body. Cancer of the body
A well-known fact is that early diagnosis of cancer makes it possible for a patient to completely recover from this pathology. It is very important to follow the first manifestations of oncology. Discoveredswelling on the bodyis considered a weighty reason for consultation with an oncologist. The patient at the reception of a specialist should tell about the timing of the appearance of swelling and the dynamics of its increase.
In addition, the doctor may be interested in the following concomitant cancers:
- general malaise, fatigue and reduced efficiency;
- persistent elevation of body temperature to subfebrile indicators;
- loss of appetite and accordingly a sharp decrease in body weight;
- disruption of the gastrointestinal tract;
- occurrence of spontaneous bleeding.
Tumor on the human body
Malignant neoplasm is the concentration of atypical cells that form a nodular lesion with a hard or elastic surface. Cancer, as a rule, is painless to the touch and covered with ulcerative elements with foci of bleeding. In most cases, the pathological neoplasm is identified at later stages of development, with the exception of cutaneous forms of oncology. Dermoid lesions are very often formed on the site of the nevus or pigmentation spot. The development of skin cancer is influenced by ultraviolet rays, which cause cellular mutations in the epidermal layers.
Tumors all over the body and cancerous bleeding
Tumors all over the bodycan cause bleeding, which is a sign of serious damage to the body and is considered a direct indication for cancer examination. For example, the allocation of blood from the rectum may indicate hemorrhoids and oncological bowel disease. Women with cervical cancer experience bleeding in the intermenstrual period and during amenopause. The presence of blood in the sputum after a fit of cough may indicate a carcinoma of the lungs and the bronchial system. In cancer patients with stomach cancer, bloody clots are often present in the vomit.
Cutaneous manifestations of cancer
Cancerskin integuments often occur in the form of melanoma (cancer of the birthmark), which is considered to be the most malignant tumor. Most lethal cases in oncology are associated with melanoma. This tumor can begin with the formation of a pigmented spot on an unchanged patch of skin or at the site of a birthmark.
The reason for immediate medical attention is the following changes in the structure of nevi and moles:
- the formation of an asymmetrical form of a mole;
- the presence of uneven borders in the pigment patch;
- change of color aside both darkening and enlightenment;
- a sharp increase in the size of the nevus;
- formation on the surface of the birthmark of keratinization, crusts or bleeding ulceration.
Pain in a cancerous tumor
The emergence of pain in cancer is associated with the destruction of nerve fibers. The intensity of unpleasant sensations is directly proportional to the size and stage of the cancerous tumor. Pain in the initial stages of the disease, in most cases, is stopped by traditional painkillers. And already at a late stage of oncology, the pain syndrome can be reduced only by narcotic analeptics. The emergence of painful sensations is characterized by prevalence at night.
Tumors all over the body: treatment methods
In cancer practice, the basic method of tumor therapy is a surgical operation to remove cancerous tissues. In modern medical practice, surgeons are guided by the organ-preserving principle of treatment, which consists in the greatest possible preservation of nearby healthy tissues. In the course of surgical intervention, in addition to mutated tissues, regional lymph nodes are subject to excision.
- Radiation therapy:
Radiation therapy is the method of choice for malignant lesions and involves exposure to a tumor with highly active radiographic rays that cause the death of pathological cells. Radiological treatment, in general, is used in conjunction with surgical intervention. In many cases, ionizing radiation is shown in the preoperative period to stabilize cancer growth.
Chemotherapy is an anti-cancer measure to destroy cancer cells with the help of cytostatic agents. The medicamentous effect on the tumor on the body is carried out in the form of a specially selected course of chemotherapy. Such treatment promotes the neutralization of mutated cells, which can cause a relapse and metastasis of the disease.
Surface forms of cancer in the early stages of growth can undergo cryodestruction (impact on the tumor ultra-low temperatures), electrocoagulation (excision of cancer by electro-thermal method) and laser surgery.
Tumors of the body: complications
The main complication of tumor development is the formation of a secondary focus of malignant growth. Metastases of oncology can form in internal organs and regional lymph nodes. Distribution of mutated cells occurs lymphatic and circulatory pathways.
Prophylaxis of cancerous tumors
Early diagnosis of the cancer process provides a favorable outcome of anticancer therapy. Prognosis of tumors in the late stages of malignant growth depends on the type of tumor and the presence of metastases. In general, the existence of secondary foci of cancer affects an unfavorable outcome of treatment..