Urethral cancer in women
Regardless of gender,urethral cancercan affect the urinary tract, both in men and in women. Symptomatic manifestations are somewhat different, but the essence of the malignant process remains unchanged.
Quite often urethritis (inflammation of the urinary tract mucosa) is the cause of many diseases of the genitourinary system. In addition, the inflammatory process can also provoke a cellular transformation with the formation of a tumor.
In this regard, it is not recommended to postpone the visit to the doctor with the appearance of dysuric disorders when urinating (pain, discomfort in the suprapubic region and fever).
Malignancy of the cells of the urinary tract mucosa leads to the replacement of normal tissues with pathological ones, as a result of which the oncological focus, called urethral cancer, is gradually formed.
Due to the urethra urine is excreted outward from the bladder, so with a significant increase tumors may overlap the lumen of the urethra, as a result of which the urine does not have outflow and accumulates in the a bubble.
Causes of urethral cancer in women
Malignancy of the cells of the urinary tract mucosa in women can be the result of a long inflammatory process of infectious and non-infectious origin.
The main infectious agents provoking the development of inflammation are staphylococcus, streptococcus, Escherichia coli, which can cause the appearance of purulent discharge.
Infections of "sexual relations" are represented by gonococci, trichomonads, chlamydia and mycoplasmas. Also, it is necessary to isolate urethritis due to fungal and viral damage, for example, herpes.
In addition, in the development of malignant disease, the cause may be trauma urethra, for example with bruises (accident), staging a urethral catheter in a hospital or as a result of passing stones along the urinary tract with a urolithic disease.
Exact symptoms of the disease
Initially, malignant disease symptoms may not indicate the development of cancer. A woman is worried about slight discomfort and pain in the process of urination. In addition, there may be mucosal discharge.
Usually at this stage, women use syringing with herbs or start taking antibiotics. The therapeutic effect can be observed, however, for a short period of time. At the end of the treatment course, the symptoms return.
With the re-emergence of clinical signs, it is not necessary to continue to select medicines independently and use popular techniques. It is recommended to consult a doctor for examination and an accurate diagnosis. After all, if it turns out to be cancer, no antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs can stop malignant tissue.
Manifestations of urethral cancer in women
As the pathology progresses, the mucus secretions are gradually replaced by a purulent component. In addition, there is an admixture of bloody discharge.
Begin to disturb the dysuric disorders. Urination becomes more frequent, the urine stream becomes less and the pain syndrome in the suprapubic region increases.
The tumor, growing, can squeeze the urethra so much that the urine is excreted in droplets. Also, it becomes possible to probe the tumor conglomerate.
Pain sensations of the aching character are observed at rest, and during the sexual act and during urination the pain becomes more intense. Also possible resists, burning along the urethra and bleeding is possible.
Urethral cancer in womenat later stages it spreads to neighboring structures, involving the surrounding pelvic tissues and organs of the genitourinary system in the malignant process. After sexual intercourse, bleeding occurs.
As a result, there are bleeding and severe pain in the lower abdomen. When the tumor spreads to the bladder, the urine acquires a reddish hue (microhematuria) and blood clots appear.
Important to know: Urethral cancer in men
Analyzes and examinations required for an accurate diagnosis
If signs of urinary tract damage appear, it is recommended to consult a doctor. At the reception, after analyzing the complaints of a woman, probing the suprapubic region and regional lymph nodes, the doctor may suspect the presence of a malignant focus.
In the presence of oncopathology of malignant origin, lymph nodes are affected second after the primary organ. They become hard, enlarged, immobile and tightly connected to the tissues.
To clarify the diagnosis, additional examinations are prescribed. They include urethrography, when using a contrast medium, a pathological focus is seen, its location and size are determined.
Also, you should perform urethroscopy and cystoscopy to visualize the malignant neoplasm, evaluate its surface and the state of the surrounding epithelium. When you touch the tumor appears bleeding.
To search for metastases requires an ultrasound or computed tomography. This is necessary to establish the stage of the cancer process.
How is cancer of the urethra treated in women today?
The options for surgical treatment are the partial or complete removal of the urinary tract. When other organs (bladder, genital organs) are affected, it is also possible to remove them. In addition, the question of the use of radiation and chemotherapy is being considered.
At the last stages to reduce the pain syndrome while passing the urine through the urethra, a fistula is formed, so that the urine is excreted outward without difficulties.
Despite the combined treatment, the risk of recurrence is high. However, in the case of diagnosing the disease at the initial stage, the prognosis is quite favorable. It is worth noting that scraping and moxibustion can only accelerate the spread of cancer cells.
In the presence of an infiltrating form, whencancer of the urethra in womengermination in the depths of tissues and affects adjacent organs, the forecast is unfavorable, since rapid metastasis is noted..