Fluid in cancer - what is it?
Fluid with cancerIs a pathological condition of the body, which is a complication of cancer and is accompanied by the accumulation of fluid masses in the pleural and abdominal cavities.
Fluid in cancer - types, description
Fluid in the lung with cancer:
The formation of fluid in the lung in 30% of cases of oncology is associated with lung cancer. Also, tumors of the lymphatic system and breast cancer affect the formation of malignant pleurisy.
Symptoms of fluid accumulation:
Accumulation of effusion between the visceral and parietal pleural sheets holding the lungs, accompanied by severe dyspnoea, paroxysmal dry cough, chronic pain in the thoracic region cells.
To determine this syndrome, doctors resort to X-rays and computed tomography, which allow to assess the state of lung tissue, the presence of pathological fluid and the exact boundaries defeat.
To establish a definitive diagnosis, specialists perform a thoracentesis. This technique includes a laboratory analysis of pleural fluid for the presence of cancer cells. The sampling of biological material takes place through the puncture of the tissues with a needle and the subsequent suction of the effusion.
If thefluid in the lung with cancerin the pleural cavity treatment is palliative, since it is aimed at removing only the symptom and can not cure the patient of the underlying cause - lung cancer at a late stage of development.
Suctioning fluid can be done during the course of the pleurocentesis, although the therapeutic effect of such a procedure is of a short duration. In modern oncological practice for the therapy of this state is used pleurodesis. The essence of the procedure is reduced to the placement in the pleural cavity of special talc, which helps to reduce the amount of pathological fluid. Also in some clinical situations, oncology is performed an operation to remove one leaf of the pleura.
Forecasttherapeutic procedures for removing fluid from the lungs:
Pleurocenosis and pleurodesis are palliative in nature and do not treat cancers that are at terminal stages of development. The average life expectancy of such patients, in general, does not exceed six months.
Liquid in the stomach with cancer:
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is called ascites. Very often, the cause of such a pathological condition is malignant lesions of the gastrointestinal tract and the organs of the female reproductive system.
The formation of fluid in the abdominal cavity provides significant discomfort to the oncological and distracts attention from the primary lesion. Signs of malignant ascites include: a slight increase in body weight against the background of the existing cancer diseases, a feeling of heaviness and bloating, a digestive disorder in the form of nausea or vomiting, and a progressive hemorrhoids.
To determine the presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity, doctors conduct the following survey methods:
- Radiology. The technique is performed using X-rays and allows to detect the presence of pathological inclusions in the peritoneum.
- Ultrasonography. By means of high-frequency sound waves, the ultrasound machine visualizes the structure of internal organs and systems, which makes it possible to determine the liquid in the stomach in cancer.
- Computer and magnetic resonance imaging. These highly accurate diagnostic techniques allow you to study the amount of liquid and the degree of its distribution.
- Paracentesis is the isolation and analysis of abnormal fluid from the abdominal cavity and the subsequent oncological analysis.
Fluid in the abdomen with cancer does not require special medical measures in those cases when it does not cause the patient discomfort.
When the liquid in the stomach causes cancer in cancer, the patient is surgically removed from the pathological contents of the peritoneum. This manipulation is carried out using a special needle, which pierces the front wall of the abdomen. After this, the surgeon releases the liquid.
There are several recommendations for alleviating the symptoms of ascites:
- Limited use of salt and water.
- Periodic administration of diuretics. Diuretics have minor side effects and contribute to the systemic withdrawal of excess fluid from the body.
- In case of problems with the respiratory system, doctors recommend that a paracentesis be performed.
- Sometimes in the complex of palliative therapy, a special catheter is sewed for drainage.
Fluid in cancer - prevention of accumulation
To prevent the development of ascites and pathological pleurisy, early diagnosis of malignant neoplasms is necessary. Only full-fledged treatment of oncology in the early stages of development can prevent pathological accumulation of fluid in the pleural and abdominal cavity..