The last stage of cancer
The terminal form of oncology is the last stage of its development. At this stage it is difficult to help a person. All activities are aimed at maintaining the general condition of the patient and his life.The last stage of cancer- this is a difficult test for both the patient and his close people. At this stage, there is an increase in clinical manifestations and an intensive growth of malignant education with the spread to surrounding organs and systems.
General characteristics of oncology of the 4th degree
Cancer in the 4th stage of development is a difficult process that is characterized by its irreversibility. In the body there are changes that can not be cured. Malignant cells affect neighboring organs and systems. The general condition worsens considerably, strong analgesics help to improve it.
The severe form of the disease is:
- rapid spread of education;
- defeat of bones;
- metastasis to the lungs, brain and pancreas;
Initially, the affected area is minimal, the formation does not exceed 2-3 mm. Cancer is often diagnosed at the final stages of its development. People do not pay attention to the clinical manifestations and discomfort, thereby detaching the exact diagnosis.
Recently, malignant formation is detected only at the terminal stage. Inattention to one's own health leads to fatal consequences. It is practically impossible to save a person with complications. Physicians can only choose an individual program that will prolong the life of the patient. With a well-designed scheme, this period can be increased to 5 years.
Symptoms of late stage of cancer
Clinical manifestations of the disease are severe. A person is disturbed by constant pain of varying intensity. Specialists identify a number of complications that significantly impair the quality of life. Among them are:
- development of hepatitis;
- blockage of bile ducts;
- paralysis of the limbs;
- inflammatory process in the lungs;
- impaired blood clotting;
- heart attack;
- acute ischemia.
The last stage of cancer symptoms is ambiguous. It is difficult to distinguish certain clinical manifestations. Much depends on the size of the malignant formation and its prevalence.
How does the last stage of cancer manifest?
At the initial stages, it is difficult to recognize a malignant lesion. In most cases, there are no clinical manifestations. With the development of complications, it is impossible to ignore the symptoms. The patient feels a significant deterioration of the condition. He is often disturbed by an intense pain syndrome, which is difficult to stop. Sometimes for the treatment of a patient resort to the help of powerful remedies.
The defeat of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract is accompanied by frequent vomiting, lack of appetite and severe pain. The last stage of lung cancer is characterized by the presence of excruciating cough, hemoptysis, pain in the chest and shortness of breath. Brain cancer is accompanied by severe pain, dizziness, neurological symptoms and depression of consciousness.
Symptoms of the disease depend on the location of its localization. In the presence of complications, the state is unsatisfactory, the person is weakened and exhausted. The first signal of a severe course of the disease is the presence of intense pain.
What can doctors do?
The only way to treat is the palliative method. The aim of the technique is to facilitate human life through the use of special drugs. In this case, the patient undergoes a course of radiation and chemical therapy. This will reduce the spread of education and block the intensity of its growth.
The palliative method can prolong a person's life up to 5 years. The condition of the patient depends on the type of education and its aggressiveness. The victim needs to provide competent care. A standard course of chemotherapy is often accompanied by a psychologist.
A good way to relieve the condition is to be in hospice. The staff of this institution constantly spend time with a sick person. They provide the maximum care and teach relatives to deal with oncologists correctly.
To reduce the psychological factor, the patient and his family members are advised to visit the psychologist's counseling. It is almost impossible to cope independently with the problem. Relatives must show endurance, compassion. Coping with oncology is difficult due to increased aggressiveness and capriciousness.
The development of the final stage is accompanied by an unfavorable forecast. After the diagnosis the patient can live a maximum of 5 years, provided that the symptomatic therapy is correctly selected. Severe condition is observed when the pancreas is affected. In most cases, patients live a maximum of 1-2 years.
A quick fatal outcome is not due to education itself, but to the damage to organs that were additionally involved in the process. Patients die due to impaired lung function, liver and cardiovascular system.
The last stage of cancer- this is a difficult process, both for the person himself and for people close to him. Doctors should show maximum professionalism and prescribe optimal supportive therapy. Catching negative manifestations will make life easier for a person and make it as comfortable as possible..