Innovative treatment of eye cancer
Eye cancer is a general medical term for malignant lesions of ophthalmic tissues, which includes the formation of cancer cells in the full appendages (eyelid and lacrimal gland), orbital cavity, conjunctiva, mucous membrane and the retina. Based on the classification of most malignant tumors, the place of tumor localization is laid.
Causes of eye cancer
To date, a reliable cause of the cancer process in the eye tissues is not clear, but ophthalmologists point to some of the risk factors:
- Genetic predisposition, which consists in the fact that people who have a direct, related line of cancer patients are especially at risk of developing a tumor of the optic nerve and eye.
- Impact of contaminated environmenton the fabric of a full-time apple. Under this factor, experts mean harmful working conditions in premises with a large amount of dust in the air.
- Presence in the anamnesis of chronic dystrophic processescentury, the mucous membrane of the eye and the retina.
Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation
- Infection with human immunodeficiency virus. As a result of a sharp decrease in the protective abilities of the body, the patient becomes particularly vulnerable to genetic mutations.
Cancer of the eye - classification, symptoms, signs
Malignant age lesions
Cancer of the century ranks first among the diagnosed malignant lesions of the eye. Most often, such a tumor is located in the lower eyelid or inner corner of the eye. The general clinical picture of all types of oncology of the century is characterized by the formation of a nodular and often ulcerative lesions of the epithelium, which in the late stages of the disease can spread to the internal structure eyes.
Malignant processes of the conjunctiva
Cancer of the conjunctiva is a fairly rare disease, which mainly develops against the background of subterranean processes. The disease begins with the formation of a white patch in the central part of the eye. Progression of oncology is accompanied by the formation of pathological processes on the mucous membrane of the eye.
Cancer of the lacrimal gland and orbits
Cancer lesion of the lacrimal gland is mainly diagnosed in early childhood and is characterized by a rapid development of oncological symptoms. Symptoms of the disease are: attacks of pain in the gland, limiting the mobility of the eye, protrusion of the full-length apple, the sensation of an external body and the displacement of the eye.
Vascular Cancer of the Eyes
Malignant damage to the choroid can proceed as a primary process in the form of melanoma and can develop as a metastasis of lung tumors, breast tumors. The first symptoms of the disease are reduced visual acuity and the formation of dark spots in the pupil area. Further progress of the cancerous tumor is accompanied by the onset of paroxysmal pain, increased intraocular pressure and retinal detachment.
Retinoblastoma or retinal cancer
Retinoblastoma (eye cancer in children) is considered a fairly rare disease and is of a genetic nature. The disease affects children under two years of age and is manifested by the appearance of pain in the eye area and gradual exfoliation of the retina, which leads to loss of vision.
Diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the eye
Early diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the eyes is performed on admission to the oculist. Cancer of the eye, the symptoms of which indicate a metastatic lesion, requires immediate hospitalization in an oncological dispensary for a comprehensive examination of the body.
Eye cancer, signswhich relate to the manifestations of the primary ophthalmologic lesion, is sent for additional diagnostics to the department of internal diseases.
Additional methods for determining the cause and type of ophthalmologic oncology include:
- Ultrasonography, which helps to determine the structural composition of the tumor and the degree of its connection with nearby healthy tissues.
- X-ray diagnosticsit is necessary to clarify the localization of malignant neoplasm.
- Magnetic resonance imagingIt is carried out with the purpose of an establishment of exact borders and prevalence of a pathology.
- BiopsyIntramural tissues are carried out at superficial location of the neoplasm. Histological and cytological analysis of the affected tissue site allows to determine the shape and stage of tumor growth.
Modern methods of treatment of eye cancers
The initial stages of cancer of the eyelid and conjunctiva can be surgically operated. During surgical intervention, the surgeon removes pathological tissues along with a portion of adjacent healthy structures. After the excision is carried out a course of radiation therapy to prevent possible relapses of the disease.
- Radiation therapy
In cases of formation of oncology of deep internal tissues, radiotherapy is the main type of anti-cancer treatment. The essence of the method lies in the impact on the outbreak of atypical growth by highly active X-rays, which cause the death of cancer cells.
The use of chemotherapy is indicated in cases of metastatic eye damage, since cytotoxic drugs after getting into the circulatory system have an effect on the entire body, tracing and destroying cancerous particles.
In cases of significant spread of the tumor, patients are recommended to perform a full resection of the full-length apple with subsequent plastic of the lost tissue..