How quickly to remove the swelling of the legs with cancer?
Swollen legs in cancer because of excessive accumulation of fluid outside the blood vessels. The presence of malignant neoplasm predominantly causes edema of the lower extremities in the region of the shin and foot. Medical research indicates that this condition is characterized by the excretion of the liquid part from the vessels into the subcutaneous space.
Why there is swelling in cancer?
Swelling of the legs with cancera number of specific risk factors:
- Chemotherapy treatment of cancer of the liver, lungs or kidneys.
- The use of corticosteroids and hormonal drugs during the treatment of breast cancer and internal secretion.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and drugs that regulate blood pressure in some cases can cause excessive accumulation of tissue fluid.
- The late stages of malignant neoplasms have a general negative effect on the entire body, which is manifested by cancer intoxication and loss of appetite. This all ultimately causes a decrease in the protein composition of the blood and the formation of edema of nearby soft tissues. For example, if a patient
- Chronic renal, pulmonary and cardiovascular failure.
The necessary diagnosis, if swollen legs with cancer
Diagnose cancer if the legs are swollen, possibly after a palpation survey, which includes a special technique of research. In the area of edema, a finger pressure is applied to the patient and the remaining trace after the procedure is observed. Preservation of cavities on the skin indicates the presence of chronic stagnation of fluid in the lower limb. In the formulation of the diagnosis, the primary complaints of the patient matter. In this case, the timing and periodicity of pain attacks also matters.Swelling of the leg with lung canceris diagnosed by visual examination of the skin.
The process of diagnosis of edema is inherently associated with the definition of the primary focus of pathology, which includes:
- General blood test for the detection of qualitative composition and determination of the level of oncology markers. This test helps to determine the cancer by the blood test.
- X-ray examination. The most common method of diagnosis, which makes it possible to establish the presence of cancer in almost any internal organ.
- Computer and magnetic resonance imaging. This technique includes layer-by-layer scanning of the human body, which allows the doctor to study the internal structure of the tumor. For example, swellinglegs in liver canceris diagnosed after a series of pictures of hepatic tissue.
- A biopsy is a histological and cytological analysis of a biological material that is performed in the laboratory, resulting in a final diagnosis of the patient.
What should I do if my legs swell with cancer?
The principle of therapy of edema of the lower limbs is to eliminate the underlying cause of the disease.
Leg edema caused by the use of pharmaceuticals is a reversible process that does not require special treatment. This pathology is predominantly eliminated after the completion of the treatment course.
If the edema in cancer was caused by the oncological pathology of the circulatory, urinary and respiratory systems, then the edema can not be fully cured. The therapeutic measures in this case are of a palliative nature and are aimed at reducing the intensity of certain symptoms.
Ways to reduce edema, helping to alleviateswelling of the legs with cancer, include:
- The use of diuretic drugs that promote the removal of fluid from the body and thereby reduce the symptoms of edema of the lower limbs.
- Proper nutrition of the patient should be balanced by protein, carbohydrates and fats. The daily diet should also include minerals and vitamins.
- A common rule for all swelling is the reduction in the amount of salt.Edema of the legs with stomach cancercan only be restored after the restoration of the body's salt balance.
- Keeping a more active way of life. So, moderate exercise helps to remove excess fluid from all body tissues.
- During sitting or lying down, the patient is recommended to keep his legs in an elevated position to return the fluid back to the circulatory system.
- Constant wearing of compression stockings, which creates uniform osmotic pressure in the lower limbs, necessary for removing liquid surpluses from body tissues.