Removal of the polyp in the uterus
One of the most common pathologies of the organs of the reproductive system in women are polyps. They are detected at different ages, but often women of reproductive age are concerned. To treat without attention to the disease is not worth it, since it can provoke the development of the cancer process.Removal of the polyp in the uterusshould be carried out immediately after diagnosis, without waiting for complications (bleeding, infertility, infection) and malignant tissue.
It is not always possible to suspect the polyps of the endometrium at the initial stage, but thanks to modern instrumental techniques it is quite possible to detect and remove outgrowth in a timely manner.
What is the danger of having a polyp in the uterus?
The severity of complications can be different, ranging from a menstrual cycle, to infertility and malignancy.
Let's start with menstrual function. Its cyclicity is due to the hormonal background, changes in which are manifested by abundant or scarce secretions and an unstable cycle.
Changes in the hormonal state, especially an increase in the production of estrogens, provokes the proliferation of the endometrium of the uterus and the formation of polyposic growths, which in turn are manifested by intermenstrual bleeding and bleeding.
The consequence of prolonged bleeding is anemia (a decrease in the level of hemoglobin and red blood cells in the blood). Symptomatically, this condition is manifested by dizziness, pale skin, fatigue, drowsiness, weakness and even possible loss of consciousness.
In this case, the therapeutic tactic is to remove polyps, to prescribe hormonal means for normalizing the hormonal balance and iron preparations to restore the level of hemoglobin.
As a hormonal imbalance in the body, and the polypous structures themselves impede conception. Often polyps are diagnosed during the examination of a girl when she seeks a doctor about infertility.
Another danger in the presence of polyposis pathological foci is the risk of their malignancy. The causative factor that provokes the cancerous transformation of tissues can be traumatization of tumors in the course of intimacy or with gynecological manipulations.
In addition, the cancer process may be a consequence of an exacerbation of an infectious disease, infection with sexual infections, decrease in immune defense or exacerbation of chronic inflammatory pathology of the organs of the reproductive system (ovaries, the uterus).
Despite the fact that the polyps of the uterus are considered benign outgrowths, they still belong to the precancerous process. To prevent malignancy, it is necessary to visit the gynecologist regularly, twice a year, undergo a survey and remove the polyps on time when they are detected.
Indications for removal
To date, there are many ways to remove polyposis oncogenes of the female reproductive system. Among the indications for their removal is:
- ineffective drug therapy;
- the size of the lesion is more than 1 cm;
- the period of menopause;
- the detection of atypical cells, which indicates a cancerous transformation.
Also, indications include infertility, which may be a consequence of proliferation of polyposis neoplasms.
Contraindications to removal
In each case, indications and contraindications to surgical intervention are individually displayed. If we consider a complicated pathological process, then the risk and benefit are evaluated, given the severity of the condition and the presence of concomitant pathology.
If we are talking about the planned removal of polyps, then the contraindications are:
- confirmed malignant process. In this case, amputation or extirpation of the uterus is performed;
- narrowing of the cervix;
- infectious and inflammatory processes.
How is polyp removed in the uterus?
Polyposis can be removed in several ways:
- Hysteroscopy (allows you to carefully examine the affected area without missing a single site, it is painless and safe).
- With diathermocoagulation, the area is excised and cauterized. Inexpensive way, however painful, and leaves scars.
- Cryodestruction is based on the freezing of the outgrowth. The healing is slow, but the scars are not formed and can be used in nulliparous girls.
- The radio wave method is carried out by means of high-frequency waves. Advantage is the absence of scars and painlessness.
- Laser removal is used only for mild uncomplicated pathology.
- Amputation of the cervix and extirpation of the uterus are performed surgically by an open or laparoscopic method. Performed in the presence of cancer process.
Cost of removal
The cost of removing the polyp varies depending on the level of the clinic and the chosen technique. Apart from medical consultation and examination, the removal procedure is approximately 2000 rubles. In Ukraine, the price may be about 500-700 hryvnia, and those who prefer to be treated abroad, should expect an average of 2500 US dollars.
Feedback, in most cases, positive, since the procedure is relatively short and painless, because it is conducted under anesthesia.
What to expect?
In the postoperative period, complications such as bleeding, discharge with an unpleasant odor and severe pain syndrome are possible. In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor to determine the cause of the symptoms.
Removal of the polyp in the uteruscan provoke inflammation, infection, perforation of the uterus (puncture) and formation of hematomas (cavities with blood). Treatment consists in the appointment of antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodics..