How does the intestine affect immunity?
The state of the intestines, in connection with our way of life, often leaves much to be desired. With a question about the state of the intestines turn to me more often. And I'll tell you by secrets that working with any person, I start after restoring the intestines.
Perhaps you also have similar symptoms # 8212; bloating, especially after eating sweets and flour, pain in the lower abdomen by type of rub, stool disorders # 8212; diarrhea or constipation, changes on the skin, in the form of shallow rashes.
Under all conditions, the intestine should contain 20% # 17; of the irrigated people # 187 30% # 17; lohih # 187; and 50% intermediate, which, when the conditions of the intestinal environment change, can join # 17; lohim # 187; and increase their number.
Why, you ask, is it so important for the state of the intestines? And how! The way you feel, how alert you are and how strong your defenses are, that is, the immunity directly depends on the state of the intestine. Because, the better the state of the intestine, the more nutrients with food our body gets.
What to do if there are problems?
Identify and eliminate the causes of what affected the deterioration of the bowel.1. Stressful situations# 8212; amount # 17; of the rougher bacteria # 187; under the influence of stress, they begin to die and then their place takes conditionally # 17; bad bacteria # 187;. That is, there is already a preponderance in the number of # 17; oroshih # 187; and # 17; lohih # 187; bacteria. Consequently, the food is digested worse and the body receives less useful nutrients. Therefore, monitor the state of your nervous system and protect yourself from stress, it all affects the state of your intestines.
The excretory function of the intestine suffers because the formation of stool is disrupted. This in turn can lead to increased processes of putrefaction and fermentation and weight gain (!). At the same time, this will lead to the fact that the amount of toxins in the intestine will increase. If there is no evacuation, then everything will go to the blood # 8212; Here's to you and the loss of vivacity and efficiency.
2. Wrong nutrition# 8212; what we eat directly affects our health. Since many products respond, just the same for maintaining the amount of # 17; oroshih # 187; bacteria in the intestine. For example, the presence of fiber, which is the nutrient medium for # 17; oroshih # 187; bacteria. Sauerkraut # 8212; contains lactobacilli, which is released during the leaven of cabbage. Lactobacillus secretes lactic acid, which suppresses growth # 17; lohih # 187; bacteria.
Lactobacilli activate the work of immune cells # 8212; if there are problems with immunity, then look for problems in the intestines and quantity # 17; oroshih # 187; bacteria.
If you value your health and you want to be cheerful and easy to cope with infections, so that your skin retains its natural beauty, the weight was stable, and the figure rejoiced with its forms. Pay attention to the state of your intestines and help your body to overcome health problems.
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How does nutrition affect immunity?
Today, no one doubts that immunity largely determines the state of human health. We also know that nutrition can affect the functioning of the immune system. But how exactly is this relationship expressed? And which groups of products are most important for strong immunity?
Intestine and immunity
The intestine can be called one of the most important organs for the immune system. Its microflora seriously affects the formation of protective reactions of the body, that is - immunity. And the "tandem" of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and the immune system is two-sided. If the intestinal microflora is seriously damaged (bacteriosis has started), the immune processes also begin to fail, and the body no longer copes with the function of "defense" against viruses. And in the case of weakening of immunity during the course of the disease, the risk of colonization of the intestine by pathogenic flora increases, which can also lead to dysbiosis.
That is why sour-milk products must necessarily enter the diet of children and adults, striving for strong immunity. "Live" yogurt, kefir and ryazhenka inhabit the gastrointestinal tract with useful lacto- and bifidobacteria. They maintain the intestinal microflora in good condition and, thereby, strengthen the immune system.
In addition, sour-milk products are rich in proteins, which contain a set of amino acids necessary for the body. A significant role is also played by products with high fiber content, which contributes to normal digestion. First of all, they include vegetables and whole grains.
The role of vitamins and trace elements
It is very important that, along with daily nutrition, the child receives the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals. Science has long known that avitaminosis makes the human body more vulnerable to infections and causes a number of serious diseases. A vivid example - scurvy, caused by an acute shortage of vitamin C and leading to a general decrease in immunity, and in former times - and to death. Several centuries ago, this ailment was common among seafarers, as they were taking with swimming mainly salted meats and dried grains, staying for a long time without fresh vegetables and fruit.
The pronounced deficit of virtually every vitamin triggers processes that adversely affect immunity. So, lack of vitamin B6 can suppress aspects of the immune response, for example, the ability of lymphocytes to mature and transform into different types of T cells.
So, all of us, especially children, should receive the necessary amount of calories and vitamins and microelements. If you suspect that your baby's diet does not provide all these needs - perhaps he does not like vegetables or cereals - it makes sense to think about taking multivitamins. This will benefit immunity provided that the doses of trace elements in the complex are balanced according to the age of the child, since their excessive content is also capable of harm.
Among such complexes it is possible to single out the "Multifort Children" for children from 4 years old. It consists of 13 vitamins and 10 minerals, the norms of which supplement the daily diet. "Multi-child" is recommended to protect the body from colds, faster recovery and recovery from illness.
Consequences of food intolerance
Food intolerance, from the point of view of influence on immunity, can be called more insidious than allergies. In the latter case, as soon as a child eats the wrong product, he complains of itching, swelling, or skin rashes. In general, an allergic reaction will be on the face. As for food intolerance, it does not give such pronounced manifestations and can go unnoticed, but it can do no less harm to the body.
Intolerance can appear in relation to anyone, even the most useful in the composition of the product, whether it is vegetables, fruits, milk or cereals. At once we will tell, that at aversion by an organism all value of food disappears.
Regular or even rare use of poorly digestible foods leads to the fact that the body prepares an immune response. Immunity spends a lot of resources on this fight and is gradually depleted, less reacting to other relevant factors, such as bacteria and viruses. As a consequence, the child suffers from frequent colds.
To reduce the risk of developing such a scenario, try to track even minor reactions of the child's body to these or other products. If they once appeared after a large amount of eaten (for example, a larger portion of citrus fruit than usual), It is worthwhile to exclude the potential allergen from the menu for a while and consult on the next steps with doctor.
Anaferon baby is a remedy for colds and flu. Anaferon nursery helps to fight infection in combination, with two actions: it blocks the multiplication of viruses and simultaneously activates immune defense. It is important that both actions are aimed at quick help to the sick child, and each of them improves the result of the other.
Immunity affects sugar metabolism through intestinal bacteria
Depending on the level of interferon in the digestive system, there is less or more symbiotic bacteria living in it, on which glucose metabolism depends.
We know that the intestinal microflora is given in our body by the widest powers, which are especially well seen in the way bacteria affect the metabolism: it is believed that, depending on the composition of the microflora, we can happen - or not happen - obesity and diabetes. Microbes of the digestive tract are able through the metabolism to increase the likelihood of atherosclerosis. Moreover, more and more data are gradually accumulating in favor of the fact that bacteria can actively intervene and work nervous system - so, in May we wrote that a normal microflora is needed in order for the brain to appear new neurons.
From the gastrointestinal bacteria in our body very much depends. (Photo Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - PNNL / Flickr.com.)
Bacterium Akkermansia muciniphila. (Photo by Better Know a Microbe.)
The life of intestinal bacteria depends largely on how they interact with immunity. Here much depends on the mutual adjustment of both contracting parties: if something in the communication of microbes and the immune system does not go so, we are threatened with chronic inflammation, which, as you know, can provoke a whole bunch of diseases, including the notorious diabetes. On the other hand, without peaceful intestinal bacteria, immunity is difficult to work normally: microbes-symbionts, on the one hand, help him to fight with dangerous infections, and on the other hand, regulate the activity of the immune system, protecting us from autoimmune and allergic reactions.
It is the close relationship between immunity and the intestinal microflora that can shed light on some strange physiological effects that are not always amenable to explanation. For example, there is evidence that the immune system affects metabolism. In particular, glucose metabolism depends on the level of one of the interferons-interferon-gamma: experiments in mice have shown that if interferon-gamma is small, then, first, less glucose is produced in the liver, and, secondly, the sensitivity to insulin. Hypersensitivity to insulin means that cells are able to actively absorb sugar from the surrounding environment by an insulin signal. High insulin sensitivity - good, low - is bad: then the cells do not "absorb" glucose, the level of which in the blood begins to rise. The inability of cells to perceive the insulin signal is one of the characteristic features of type 2 diabetes.
And so, it turns out that one of the interferons - the function of which, we recall, is to activate the immune system in the case of a viral infection - somehow affects insulin sensitivity cells. Considering the closest interaction of immunity and microflora, can it not be that the mediators here are just some intestinal bacteria? Indeed, as they write inNature Communicationsresearchers from the University of Oregon. such a bacterial mediator is, and it is calledAkkermansia muciniphila. If the experimental mice lowered the level of interferon-gamma, there was more intestine in their intestinesA. muciniphila. and in general the situation with sugar metabolism was improving: in animals the resistance to glucose increased, that is, they could cope with elevated blood sugar levels by sending it to the cage in accordance with insulin instructions. If the level of interferon-gamma increases, the number of bacteriaA. muciniphiladecreased, which had a negative effect on glucose metabolism.
A similar relationship betweenA. muciniphilathere are also in humans: the more active the gene responsible for the synthesis of interferon, the less the bacterium lives in the intestine. AboutA. muciniphilaIt is known that it becomes small with obesity, and that with its help it is possible to normalize the metabolism - at least in mice. However, its connection with obesity and diabetes in humans remained largely intricate - perhaps because it was not known about the third player in the form of interferon.
Obviously, such indirect influence on the part of immunity on metabolism is a rather conservative thing among mammals, and it is unlikely that everything is limited toA. muciniphila- all the same in our digestive tract lives a whole lot of different microbes; and the more we know about which games they play with immunity and with our metabolism, the sooner we will learn to prevent and treat various metabolic disorder.
Intestinal microflora does not allow potential allergens to penetrate into the blood, thereby preventing the development of an allergic reaction of the immune system.
Sources: http://epavlova.ru/kak-sostoyanie-kishechnika-vliyaet-na-vash-immunitet-i-bodrost/, http://schoolofcare.ru/articles/kak-pitanie-vliyaet-na-immunitet/, http://www.nkj.ru/news/29958/
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