Cancer of the uterus - irradiation and its consequences
Uterine cancer -this malignant lesion of the uterine endometrium, which is accompanied by atypical and uncontrolled growth of mutated cells. Oncological disease of female genitalia is the fourth most frequently diagnosed malignant neoplasm.
Classification of cancer of the uterus
- The initial stage is characterized by a limited growth of the tumor within the uterine body.
- The second stage is the spread of the pathological process to the cervix.
- The third stage - a cancerous tumor grows through the wall of the organ and forms vaginal metastases.
- The fourth stage - malignant neoplasm spreads beyond the uterus. In the pelvic organs metastases are formed.
Cancer of the uterus - irradiation
In cancer practice of therapy of uterine cancer, the most effective method is the irradiation of cancer tissues with ionizing radiation. This technique doctors appoint as an independent effect on the tumor, and as a way of the over-operative preparation of the patient.
Types of radiation therapy
- Remote radiological therapy:
It is carried out through several layers of healthy tissues. This method of therapy is carried out in cases of a deep malignant neoplasm. The disadvantage of external exposure to radiological rays is considered to be radiation of healthy tissues, which causes their damage.
- Contact Radiology:
Such treatment involves the introduction of a special catheter to the site of a malignant neoplasm. The internal action of ionizing radiation causes minimal harm to physiologically unaffected tissues.
- Combination therapy:
The combined use of internal and external radiology is indicated in severe forms of oncology.
Cancer of the cervix uterus irradiation - indications for conduction
- Patients with the first and second stage of cancer of the uterus are treated with radiation before the operative removal of female genital organs.
- The tumor spread to regional lymph nodes and distant organs.
- Palliative therapy of late stages of the disease.
- Postoperative prevention of relapse.
Cancer of the body of the uterus irradiation - contraindications
Radiological therapy is not recommended for such conditions:
- febrile state of the body;
- cancer bleeding and multiple secondary lesions;
- general severe diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous and endocrine systems;
- reduced number of white blood cells and red blood cells.
Preparation for Radiation Therapy
Radiological treatment involves the process of careful preparation of the patient. Before the manipulation, oncologists are referred to a computer and magnetic resonance therapy to clarify the location of the tumor. In conclusion, the radiologist determines the necessary dose of radiation and the angle of introduction of highly active rays.
The patient requires strict adherence to medical instructions and remains stationary during the procedure.
Technique of carrying out irradiation
The duration of irradiation of uterine cancer is several minutes. Radiation therapy is carried out in a specially designated room, which is designed taking into account radiological safety requirements. During the manipulation, the patient lies on the couch and a source of ionizing radiation is supplied to him directly to the affected area. The rest of the body is covered with a protective tissue, which prevents the penetration of X-rays.
An x-ray doctor monitors the course of exposure through the window of a neighboring room. The course of radiotherapy includes several courses of radiation exposure.
Possible effects of irradiation
Cancers that have been exposed to radiation therapy can have such consequences for cancer patients:
- general intoxication of the body, which is manifested by nausea and vomiting;
- disorders of the digestive system in the form of stool disorder and dyspepsia;
- redness, burning and itching of the skin in the area of action of ionizing radiation;
- dryness of the mucous membrane of female genital organs.
Recommendations for patients undergoing radiological therapy
Observance of some recommendations allows oncologists in the shortest period to recover after radiation therapy:
- The patient should rest for at least three hours after each course of irradiation.
- To prevent skin burns, it is advisable to treat the epidermis with pharmaceutical preparations of plant origin.
- During the period of radiological treatment it is not recommended to use cosmetic and perfumery means to prevent allergic reactions.
- After exposure to X-rays, various thermal procedures are contraindicated.
- Patients are encouraged to stay out in the fresh air.
- Nutrition of cancer patients should be balanced in vitamins and minerals.
Cancer of the uterus
The prognosis of radiotherapy in the early stages of uterine cancer in the absence of multiple metastases is considered favorable, since in most cases it contributes to complete healing.
In the later stages of oncology of the female reproductive system, the radiological technique is not capable of relieving the patient of a cancerous tumor. During this period, all therapeutic efforts are aimed at stabilizing malignant growth and removing certain symptoms of the disease..