Can Polycystic Ovary Go to Cancer?
One of the most common causes of infertility in women ispolycystic ovary. The disease is treatable, therefore in the future it does not interfere with the conception of the baby. It is only necessary to diagnose the pathological process in time and begin treatment.
To suspect an ailment it is possible on the basis of clinical displays in the form of disturbance of a menstrual function, strengthening of allocation the secretion of the sebaceous glands, which causes the girl to worry about acne on her face and back, her hair looks fat, and her skin shiny. Also, hair gain on the extremities, in the inguinal region, on the chest increases and weight gain is observed. Usually, the symptoms appear in the period of puberty.
The disease of hormonal origin, which disturbs the regulation of the hypothalamus ovarian function, and multiple cystic formations are formed, is a polycystic ovary. The ovarian capsule thickens and undergoes sclerotherapy.
Cystic neoplasms appear as a result of an increase in the follicles on the surface of the ovaries and the accumulation of a liquid component in them with unripe oocytes.
What is the danger of polycystic ovary?
There are two groups of complications. The first include the negative consequences associated with polycystic ovarian failure without treatment. These include:
- menstrual dysfunction;
- arterial hypertension;
- vascular thrombosis, including pulmonary embolism;
- myocardial infarction;
- heart failure;
- pathology of peripheral vessels.
As for the second group of complications, they are a consequence of prolonged hormonal therapy, so the probability of development increases:
- malignant lesions of the mammary glands;
- cancer of the cervix.
Separately, it should be said about infertility, because polycystosis hinders the conception of the baby. However, cases are recorded when implantation of the fetal egg against the background of this pathology is possible, but During pregnancy, there is an increased risk of miscarriage, fetal fading and premature childbirth.
Can polycystic ovary go to cancer?
In most cases, the polycystic lesion of the female gonads does not lead to a malignant transformation of the tissue, but there is still a small risk. The cancer process in the ovaries occupies the second place, giving way to the cervical leadership.
Diagnosing this process at an early stage is symptomatically impossible, because clinical signs appear only when the fallopian tubes, endometrium and surrounding organs are affected. About 70% of patients turn to the doctor for 3-4 stages of oncoprocess.
Up to 45 years of cancer of the appendages (ovaries, fallopian tubes) is a rather rare pathology. Often in women aged after 50, a malignant disease of this localization is diagnosed.
Factors and conditions conducive to cancer transformation
Malignant tissue degeneration is possible in women of any age, however, some factors that increase the risk of malignization:
- genetic predisposition;
- early onset of menstruation;
- late climax;
- absence of pregnancy;
- frequent abortions;
- disturbance of metabolic processes (obesity);
- long-term use of hormonal drugs;
- improper nutritional diet with excess of fats, carcinogens;
- inflammatory diseases of appendages;
- Sexual infections;
- ecological factor.
It should also be noted the increased likelihood of tissue malignization in malignant lesions of the surrounding pelvic organs, when the cancer process spreads to the ovaries.
How to recognize cancerous degeneration?
Malignancy of tissues is not always evident at the initial stage. Ovarian cancer is often diagnosed in advanced stages. The late detection is due to the lack of regular examinations and examinations at the gynecologist. In addition, a woman can not pay attention to symptoms, hope that everything will pass by itself, consult with friends, neighbors, relatives and be treated according to their recommendations. Thus, the malignant process progresses, which reduces the effectiveness of treatment every day.
If a woman appears, at least one of the below listed symptoms, you need to see a doctor:
- pain in the lower abdomen (from one or both sides), not associated with menstruation;
- pain in the process of intimacy;
- the appearance of asymmetric abdomen, its increase in volume, not associated with weight gain;
- discomfort and bowel dysfunction (constipation, diarrhea, flatulence);
- intermenstrual blood separation from the genital tract.
Of the accompanying signs it is necessary to allocate shortness of breath, puffiness of the extremities, varicose veins, urinary retention, frequent urination, pain in the lumbar region, dyspeptic digestive disorders and a fever of up to 3, degrees.
These clinical signs should alert the woman and become a reason for going to the doctor. For further diagnosis, a gynecological examination is performed, a blood test is administered for the study hormonal spectrum and oncomarkers, ultrasound examination of the small pelvis and computer tomography.
When ultrasound is visualized numerous cystic formations on the surface of the female gonads. And the ovaries are enlarged in size, their surface is tuberous, and the capsule is thickened.
Prevention of cancer degeneration
Preventative measures are based on the elimination of the causes of the development of polycystosis. So, in order to reduce the likelihood of an ailment, it is recommended:
- to control the intake of hormonal drugs. Take them exclusively in the dosage prescribed by the doctor;
- watch out for your weight;
- normalize the nutritional diet;
- timely treatment of concomitant endocrine pathology (diabetes, thyrotoxicosis), inflammatory and infectious diseases of the pelvis.
In addition, please note thatpolycystic ovaryand their malignancy will be less likely to develop if a woman endures and gives birth to a baby before the age of 30, and preferably two..