Prognosis for bladder cancer
The number and type of malignant cells, their subsequent integration into a tumor, its dimensions, and also the spread to other parts of the body, determineforecast of bladder cancer.The outcome of the disease largely depends on the level of germination of the mutated process in the tissue of the organ, and also on the specificity of the species.
What is dangerous oncology of the bladder?
Most types of cancer of the urinary tract begin on its inner lining, which is called the urothelium. However, there are other highly invasive oncological forms: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, small carcinoma.
As the malignant process develops, it begins to affect the deeper layers of the urinary system.
Over time, the cancerous tumor grows beyond the bladder itself and affects nearby structures, in particular:
- Urinary tract: kidney, ureter, urethra.
- Near or distant lymph nodes.
- Bones, lungs, liver.
Therefore, oncological disease at more advanced stages is difficult to treat.
How many live with bladder cancer (by stages)?
1 st stage
The first stage of cancer of the urinary tract represents a very high perspective on long-term life expectancy. Such a prognosis for bladder cancer at this stage is due to the fact that the malignant process focuses only in the inner layer.
The first stage has two main subspecies, on which the prognosis depends:
- Noninvasive papillary cancer, which is known for its low malignant potential.
- A tumor that has grown from a layer of cells lining the bladder into the lower connective tissue.
Thus, about 90 patients of both sexes out of 100 (90%) will live for at least 5 years after the initial diagnosis. 80% of patients live after 10 years or more.
At the second stage of the malignant process, survival data is slightly reduced. This is provoked by a change in the state of cancerous organ damage.
Life expectancy of the patient is related to specific conditions:
- Whether the tumor has grown into the muscle layer and how deep.
- In what part of the muscle layer it is observed - internal or external. With internal damage, the chances are higher.
- If a cancerous lesion is observed in at least one small pelvic lymph node, the chances for a long life, unfortunately, without appropriate treatment can be reduced.
In the second stage of cancer, almost 50 men out of 100 (50%) and 30 women out of 100 (30%) will continue to live for 5 years or more. A ten-year barrier will be overcome by 35% of male representatives and 20% by female.
In the third stage, if bladder cancer is diagnosed, the prognosisadverse. This is due to the fact that the tumor has already grown into the muscle layer of the organ and into the surrounding fatty tissue. However, life duration is based on such factors as:
- Slight growth, noticeable only with the help of a microscope.
- The tumor is large enough and noticeable even without a microscope.
- The cancer process is observed in 2 or more lymph nodes.
About 30 men out of 100 or more than 15 women will definitely live for 5 years or more after diagnosis.
4 th stage
The survival rates in the fourth stage are significantly reduced. The tumor expanded beyond the adipose tissue and metastasized into nearby organs or structures, in particular in men suffering from the prostate, in women the uterus, as well as bone tissue or the abdominal wall. Secondary foci of oncology can be observed in other more distant organs and lymph nodes.
According to statistics, only 10 patients of both sexes will remain alive after 5 years. In a ten-year forecast, the data is very meager.
Important to know: Bladder cancer in men
Factors on which the chances of survival depend
First of all, one must understand that the forecasting of life expectancy is conditional. The induced numbers mean that, mainly, such a number of patients will live the specified time. But all indicators are very generalized, and each individual case is highly individual. They only provide an opportunity to understand the success of treatment, and the chances are purely individual, as already mentioned.
Most malignant tumors of the urinary system are diagnosed during the period when it is in the lower layer of the lining tissues. Prospects for this disease are very good.
The prognosis for bladder cancer depends on such conditions:
- Stages of cancer at the time of diagnosis. In each individual case, the definition of the chances of survival will be different.
- The type of cancer of the urinary tract, established by conducting diagnostic studies of tumor cells and tissues.
- The level of spread of the cancer process in the lining of the bladder or other structures.
- Quantities and diameter of tumors.
- A class of cells that represent different types of cancer.
- Whether there are invasive changes in the lining of the organ.
- Primary is a disease or relapse. With a relapse form, the chances of survival are reduced.
Important to know: Bladder cancer in women
How to prolong life in bladder cancer?
The increase in the life expectancy of such patients is achieved in the following ways:
- Timely and accurate diagnosis:
Malignant neoplasm at early stages is considered a treatable pathology. The earlier the final diagnosis is established, the more effective anti-cancer therapy is.
- Surgical operation:
According to the statistics, radical intervention even in the late phases of the disease can significantly prolong the patient's life span. In such cases, experts recommend minimally invasive surgical techniques, the advantage of which is low-trauma and a short rehabilitation period.
- Postoperative radiation therapy and chemotherapy:
Irradiation of the pathological region with highly active radiological radiation destroys the remaining cancer cells after surgery. Systemic reception of cytotoxic drugs is considered a preventive measure of the development of secondary oncoforming in the remote structures of the body.
- Compliance with a special diet:
Onkobolnym need to eat food rich in vegetables, fruits, and accordingly vitamins, minerals and other biologically active substances.
- Activation of the body's defenses:
Bladder cancer, the forecast of which is questionable, requires immediate immunostimulation. This can be done with the help of medicines and methods of traditional medicine.
Also very important is the refusal to abuse strong alcoholic beverages and tobacco smoking..