Metastases in the liver. What is the life expectancy forecast for a cancer patient?
The liver is the largest gland that takes on vital functions. She takes part not only in the production of bile, but also in detoxification. When cancer cells appear in the liver, not only the organ itself suffers, but also the general condition of the body. On its indicators, as well as on the general condition of the liver, determines the definition of the further course of the disease and the prognosis of the patient's life.
Why does the liver develop metastases?
Secondary foci of cancer develop in the liver due to the nature of its supply of blood. This body uses the blood quite intensively, since it has an important detoxification function (filtration). For one minute, about 1.5 liters of blood passes through this organ.
A significant part of the blood enters the liver through the intestinal portal vein. In the sinusoids of the liver, the blood flow slows down. This creates good conditions for the spread of secondary tumor lesions (cancer cells enter the lymphoid and circulatory systems).
How are symptoms of liver metastases manifested?
Usually the symptoms of hepatic metastases are manifested quite late. This is due to the high recovery capabilities of this body.
Initially, there are common signs of a digestive tract functioning disorder. But even the symptoms of dyspepsia and nausea quite rarely suggest the neglect of the process and, in particular, about oncology.
If there aremetastases in the liver,life expectancy forecastthe patient depends on the general state of health. It deteriorates markedly when the skin becomes yellow. The same can be said about the progressive decrease in body weight, deterioration of appetite, and sharp fatigue.
What are the most dangerous metastases in the liver for a general prediction of the life of a cancer patient?
Secondary foci of the tumor disrupt the working capacity of the liver. Violated the complex biological and chemical processes in the body, such as providing the tissues with glucose, the transformation of vitamins, trace elements, the synthesis of proteins and fats, hormones, enzymes.
Since the secondary foci of cancer in the liver disrupt the general condition of the body, accompanied by acute pain, they worsen the prognosis of the patient's life. In urgent cases, an urgent surgical operation is required.
How effective is the treatment of the liver affected by metastases?
The effectiveness of treatment of liver cancer, in which there are metastases, depends on several factors:
- Localization of tumor foci.
- Degrees of development of malignant process.
- Character and type of tumor.
- Degrees of oncological process.
- The immune system of the patient.
Substantially prolongs the life of the patient an integrated approach to anticancer therapy. So, in some cases, you can refuse liver resection, stopping the choice of antitumor therapy. butmetastases in the liver, life expectancy, reviewsabout the treatment of doctors say that it is necessary to begin treatment as early as possible.
If the lesion of two parts of the organ is diagnosed, then therapy should be started with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Slows down the development of metastases of chemotherapy. Drugs are introduced into the liver through the vessels with a special catheter. In some cases, it helps to get rid of small formations.
Metastases in the liver
Slows tumor growth and radiation therapy. However, it is still difficult to say how long the patient will survive with metastases.
In some cases, the relief of the patient's health brings the treatment of cancer with celandine. It contains substances that depress the tumor.
The prognosis of patients' life worsens the presence of secondary foci not only in the liver, but also outside this organ. Operative treatment is contraindicated. If there are primary sources of cancer in the pancreas, lungs, stomach, resection as the only way to treat the liver is ineffective. However, in some cases, the effectiveness of treatment with anti-cancer drugs has been proven.
The prognosis of a patient's life with metastases in the liver also depends on the presence of complications. They are:
- tumor swelling of blood vessels feeding the liver and leaving it;
- mechanical jaundice (obturation), which occurs against the background of compression of the liver ducts;
- increasing the concentration of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia).
An effective method of treatment is also the stenting of ducts through which bile passes. It allows to reduce the frequency of postoperative complications. A special prosthesis will provide free outflow of bile.
Metastases in the liver: the life expectancy of patients
In general, patients die within a year after liver metastases have been diagnosed. The prognosis of life in case the primary tumor is found in the large intestine is somewhat better.
If a cancer with metastases is diagnosed, this means that an uncontrolled process of spreading the tumor through the body has started. In this case, palliative therapy is prescribed.
Whatever the prognosis of liver metastases, the patient should be trusted in the cure for the disease and make every effort to do so. After all, even with the most unfavorable prognosis there is at least the slightest, but still a chance for survival..