Kidney removal in cancer


In the late stages of malignant disease, the affected organ is removed.Kidney removal in canceris the only way to eliminate oncology. The technique is used for the 1-3 stages of the development of the disease, however, in the presence of metastases, it is used as a palliative technique.

Indications for kidney resection in cancer

Removal of the kidney is a forced procedure in the development of oncology. In most cases, this is the only chance to get rid of the disease and return to a lifestyle that is habitual for a person. Resection is the complete removal of a tumor together with part or all of the organ. This operation is used in bilateral lesions or in the development of oncology in one functioning kidney.

The main indications for intervention are:

  1. cancer of stages 1-3;
  2. Wilms tumor;
  3. transitional cell carcinoma.

Recently, the operation has become more in demand. It allows you to eliminate the tumor and return the person to a normal life. Before surgery, the patient must undergo a comprehensive examination. After determining the size of the formation and the location of its localization, the amount of surgical intervention is established.

Diet and nursing after the operation

After the operation, a person must follow certain rules. At first, the help of relatives and close people will be needed. Observance of the main recommendations will save the person's life. Fighting oncology involves the use of a large number of drugs. This effect helps to maintain health and support the immune system.

At the first time after the operation, it is necessary:

  • ignore the caprices of the patient and follow the principles prescribed by the doctor;
  • with constant contact with radioactive substances and chemicals, change their place of residence (this refers to living near factories, gas stations, etc.);
  • adhere to a healthy lifestyle;
  • temper the body;
  • Do not contact people with infectious diseases;
  • regularly undergo an examination with an oncologist.

When a person is in intensive care, infusion maintenance therapy is performed. If the patient has no contraindications, the daily volume of fluid is at least, liters. A man must necessarily follow a diet. Permitted beverages include:

  • clean water at room temperature;
  • fruit drinks;
  • infusions of a dogrose.

The meal begins on the second day after the operation. Preference is given to low-fat chicken broth. To improve the work of the intestine it is recommended to use:

  • vegetable purees in liquid form;
  • low-fat dairy products;
  • dried bread;
  • fruit;
  • natural juices.

Gradually, a person must increase motor activity. This allows you to speed up the recovery process. Together with physical activity, the nutritious diet is expanding. The patient, who has removed the organ, must adhere to a special diet.Resection of the kidney in cancer- forced process, followed by a long recovery. Correct compliance with all the recommendations of the doctor will avoid postoperative complications, as well as relapse of the disease.

How many people live after removing the kidney in cancer?

In 30% of all cases there are relapses. The started stages of the disease are characterized by the spread of metastases to the lungs, liver, bone structures. Statistics indicate a frequent fact of metastasis. On average, from the day of surgery to relapse, 1-2 years pass. During this period a person should be under the supervision of doctors. If the repeated development of cancer has not occurred within 3 years, the cancer patient's life is practically not threatened. A favorable outcome is noted with the timely treatment of stage 1-2 oncology, in the absence of metastases.

Life expectancy is influenced by many factors, in particular:

  1. prevalence of the process;
  2. the patient's age and general condition;
  3. presence / absence of metastases.

Life expectancy and its quality depend on the presence of concomitant diseases. In particular, HIV, tuberculosis, diabetes and hypertension. Also, the prognosis depends on the results of histological analysis, on the basis of which further therapeutic tactics are determined.

How to prolong life after a kidney resection?

Lifetime is influenced by many factors, in particular, the oncological stage, the general health of the patient. Some people live about 1-3 years, others manage to cross this barrier. This indicator directly depends on the presence of concomitant pathology and the prevalence of malignant disease.

Life can be prolonged if the cancer is diagnosed at early stages of development. The patient is operated on, given radiation and chemotherapy, as well as symptomatic treatment. In the absence of metastases, the likelihood of a full and prolonged life increases.

If a patient develops complications, the situation is considered severe. Even after the complete removal of the cancer, the risk of recurrence is still present.

Kidney removal in cancer- this is one of the ways of treatment, on the effect of which depends the further state of a person and the duration of his life.