Chemoembolization of the liver
Some varieties of cancers are eliminated by specific treatment. This technique was calledchemoembolization of the liver. The procedure is based on local chemotherapy and embolization. The main feature of the effect is the introduction of the drug directly into the blood vessel, which nourishes malignant formation. Following the medication, an embolizing substance is used that keeps the remedy inside the tumor.
Main objectives of the procedure
The procedure is used to reduce the volume of education and eliminate metastases. Depending on the type of malignant lesion, the combination of techniques may differ. Specialists often combine chemical therapy with radiofrequency ablation and surgical removal.
How is chemoembolization performed?
Intervention is performed by an expert in interventional radiology. Before the procedure, the doctor must assess the liver condition through X-ray examination. This method allows you to identify the vessels that feed malignant formation.
The patient is assigned a hepatoprotector, whose action is aimed at protecting the kidneys. This will reduce the negative impact of the chemical product, its degradation products. As a preventive measure, antibiotics are prescribed. The procedure often causes pain, nausea. Symptoms are prescribed for relief of the main symptomatology.
Intervention begins with setting up a system for infusion. Later on, sedatives and analgesics are delivered through it. The specialist performs a puncture, conducts a thin catheter into the femoral artery, gradually moving into the liver. Then several pictures are taken and the procedure begins. When the substance is introduced into the vessel, the catheter is removed, a sterile pressure bandage is applied to the puncture site.
For 8 hours the patient is under the supervision of a doctor. The duration of the procedure is not more than 90 minutes.
The main advantages of chemoembolization of liver cancer
Chemoembolization of liver cancer is an effective procedure, thanks to which it is possible to achieve a positive result. After its implementation, there is a temporary cessation of the growth of education and a significant decrease in its volume.
The main advantages of the operation are:
- effect for 14 months;
- the possibility of applying additional treatment techniques;
- reduction in the risk of death.
After 14 months, the procedure can be performed additionally. Chemoembolization in oncology improves the quality of human life and positively affects the overall well-being.
A few words about the shortcomings
The operation has one drawback - a negative impact on the kidneys. Toxic damage affects the general condition of a person. In order to reduce the negative impact, experts additionally prescribe other medications.
To reduce the risk of complications, the doctor performs a thorough examination of the human body before the operation. The further condition of the patient depends on the professionalism of the oncologist.
Cost of the procedure
The price policy directly depends on external factors. These include a medical institution and a range of additional examinations. The cost of intervention may vary depending on the country in which it is conducted. For Russia, the average price is 15, 00 rubles, in Ukraine about 8, 00 hryvnia. Abroad, in particular Germany - 5 000 euros, in Israel - 6 000 dollars.
How effective is chemoembolization in liver cancer?
The procedure is highly effective. After its carrying out the positive result is observed within 10-14 months. At the end of this period, repeated intervention is possible. Chemoembolization improves the quality of human life.
This technique is relatively new, but managed to prove its effectiveness. In the case of liver damage, it shows good results. About 63% of all operations end favorably. Experts note a decrease in lesions and a decrease in the negative impact on the body.
Today it is the most demanded operation. It helps to improve the quality of life in case of spread of metastases to the liver. This allows you to stop acute manifestations and affect the quality of life of the patient.
Completely eliminate the cancer surgery is not capable. Its main goal is to reduce the spread of the tumor. Due to this, you can extend the life of the patient by, for a year.
Are complications possible?
Any surgical intervention preserves the risk of complications. Chemoembolization on has become an exception. In the course of the operation, infection of the incision or puncture site is possible. This complication is typical for most surgical interventions.
Another consequence may be the bleeding that has occurred as a result of damage to the blood vessel by the catheter. Penetration of the embolus often provokes a violation of blood microcirculation. The procedure can cause an allergic reaction and lead to mechanical damage to tissues.
Generally,chemoembolization of the liverIs a good way to ease the patient's condition and significantly prolong his life. The procedure is effective and very much in demand today..