How many live with liver cancer of the 4th degree?
Degeneration and abnormal division of liver cells (mainly hepatocytes) causes an oncological disease called hepatocellular carcinoma. The formation that occurs in the ducts of the organ is called cholangiocarcinoma. These are the most common primary forms of tumors that affect the liver. However, it often undergoes a different process, for example, metastatic colorectal cancer and rectum.
The last stage means that the formation has spread to the entire tissue, and also is observed in other structures - near and far lymph nodes, other organs. Therefore, when answering the question: "How many live with liver cancer of the 4th degree ", it should be borne in mind that the patient should receive a comprehensive therapy that affects both the first time detected and the possible common disease.
Life expectancy analysis is based on documented statistical data. The calculation of the average coefficient takes into account that at least 50% of the person will remain alive after the specified period of time.
What determines how many live with cancer of the 4th degree?
Many factors affect overall survival:
- The presence or absence of therapeutic measures, in particular surgical resection and transplantation.
- General health. Identification of co-morbid diseases, such as cirrhosis and hepatitis, which have a negative effect on long-term chances.
- Invasion of large blood vessels, especially the renal and portal vein.
- Damage to surrounding tissues. Diagnosing cancerous structures near the organ worsens the prognosis.
- The use of permitted alternative and experimental techniques, which often allow to extend the quality of life to the patient.
- The seal size is up to five centimeters or more.
- The number of tumors and expansion into the vascular system.
- The interval from the first detected cancer formation to finding a metastasis is less than one year, aggravates the prognostic factors.
- Progression of cancer. It is calculated with the help of a blood test for the activity of cancer cells (cancer-embryonic test). If the level becomes more than 200, the chances are not very comforting.
Information for calculating the forecast
Recent studies of primary malignant liver tumors assess the condition of the patient, taking into account:
- The index of Karnavsky: the degree of the impact of the disease on the ability to perform daily activities.
- Increased or decreased levels of bilirubin (the serum value is greater than or less than 50).
- Alkaline phosphatase is more than 2 times higher than the upper limit of the normal range.
- Alpha-fetoprotein> 35.
Accordingly, to these indicators, the risk of death is established as low, medium and high. The percentage of 1-year survival is 79%, 31% and 4%.
At metastatic process indicators are reduced to 37%, 22% and 2%.
It is important to know: Liver cancer with metastases: how many are cancer patients?
How many people live with liver cancer of the 4th degree?
The prognostic results are influenced both by the form of formation and by the method of controlling the tumor with the patient's response to therapeutic measures. Statistics operates on such data:
- Chemotherapy or absence of any treatment: 1 year - 13%, 3 years - 3%, 5 years - 0%.
- Chemotherapy with further embolization of vessels in primary or metastatic, but limited oncology processes, respectively, indicates 15%, 10% and 3%.
- Partial or complete organ removal: 18%, 12% and 4%.
- Transplantation: 20%, 15%, 5%.
The best results of survival are observed with a tumor localized in the liver, or with transplantation of the affected organ. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy do not significantly increase life expectancy. Patients after surgical removal of the primary tumor have an average 5-year survival rate of 1 to 4. With a secondary lesion, the indicators are significantly reduced and become one case of survival out of 20.
Important to know: Liver cancer - prognosis
What to expect?
The total five-year indicator for all stages of cancer, including the fourth, is 15%.
The 5-year survival rate for the 4 stages is calculated from the account of the characteristics of the malignant process and presents such information:
- presence of regional metastases (distribution to nearby organs and lymph nodes): the percentage of patients who remained alive after 5 years is 7%;
- distant cancer education indicates only 2% of survivors. The average life expectancy is only 4 months.
From the moment of diagnosis of liver cancer to distant structures, as a rule, 2 years pass, during which the patient remains alive. But it should be borne in mind that survivors need lifelong treatment and supervision to prevent relapse.
Unfortunately, the statistical data on how,how many live with liver cancer 4 degrees, not very comforting..