Prognosis of survival in prostate cancer
The most common and dangerous disease of men is prostate cancer, a survival prognosis for which can nevertheless be very positive.
What is dangerous for prostate cancer for a man's health?
The formation of a malignant tumor of the prostate is the most common disease among men. Recently, prostate cancer has grown younger, occurs in men after 40 years.
The course of the disease in the early stages is slow and latent. The initial stage of development can be detected only with a special blood test for antigen PSA. Later, when the tumor grows and presses on the bladder and intestines, men begin to feel discomfort, then pain:
- the number of urination increases in the daytime - up to 10, and sometimes 20 times;
- at night it is necessary to wake up for urination at least three times;
- sudden desires that are difficult, and sometimes impossible to maintain;
- during urination cuts and hurts in the bladder;
- there are pains in the anus.
Increasingly, the tumor presses on the urethra, experienced by it. In this case, the patient experiences:
- difficulties in the beginning of emptying;
- urine follows intermittently;
- there is a feeling that the emptying is not finished, the urine drips.
With further development of the disease, when the tumor completely compresses the ureter, the man can not empty himself, the urine stagnates. The renal pelvis and ureter dilate, there are pains in the lower back, kidney urethritis develops.
In the future, the following complications are possible:
- there is blood in the urine;
- swollen genitals and legs;
- decay attracts to the opposite sex;
- constipation and pain during bowel movement;
- pain in the liver, development of jaundice;
- non-persistent dry cough.
At the last stage of the development of the disease, bone tissue is often affected. There are severe pain in the spine and pelvic area.
Prognosis of survival in prostate cancer by stages
Life expectancy depends on the following factors:
- the stage at which the disease is diagnosed;
- adherence to patient recommendations and treatment;
- the presence of concomitant diseases;
- the will of the patient, the desire to defeat cancer.
Intensive examination shows a clinical picture. Based on it, it is possible for each individual patient to make a survival prognosis. The average survival rates for prostate cancer are as follows:
The first stage:
The disease found at an early stage is a great success for the patient. Cancer treatment in this case is effective, the prognosis for the majority is positive. If a patient with cancer fully undergoes a course of treatment, will follow all the recommendations of the doctor, - the survival rate for five years is 100%. The 10-year indicator, subject to treatment, approaches 90%, but not below 75%.
The second stage:
Even if the disease is detected only at this stage, the treatment is effective and leads to positive results. Therapeutic treatment in the second stage can provide survival in a five-year period to 100% and not less than 90%. Within a ten-year period, the survival rate is 60-65%. At this stage of the development of the disease, the prostate and some of the adjacent tissues are often completely removed.
The third stage:
Starting from this stage, the prognosis of survival loses a positive tendency, radiotherapy and hormone therapy are used, which are indispensable. Irradiation aims to destroy metastatic cancer cells. In some cases, surgery is performed, which does not guarantee a 100% cure, but improves the patient's condition. Survival for five years - 50-55%.
The detection of cancer at this late stage gives disappointing predictions. The treatment is aimed at improving the patient's quality of life and prolonging it. Carry out hormonotherapy and treat chemotherapeutic agents. The survival forecast for five years is about 30%. If the disease is not treated at this stage, the patient will live at best about two years.
Prostate cancer with metastases
Malignant tumor, in contrast to benign (adenoma), is characterized by the presence of metastases. Cancer cells spread throughout the body, affecting various organs.
In the first two stages of the disease development, the tumor grows, but no metastasis occurs. At the third stage, the first metastases appear. There are severe pains, but they can be suppressed by analgesics.
At the fourth stage, cancer cells divide, blood and lymph carry them through the body. First, the organs next to the prostate gland are affected, then the bones, the kidneys. Lungs and the brain are rarely affected, because patients often die before from renal failure.
Prostate cancer with metastases shortens the duration and quality of life. They depend on how much the tumor progresses, on the number of oncocells, their localization. For five years after treatment, the mortality rate reaches 30%. Lethal outcome of complications caused by the underlying disease is not taken into account.
At the fourth stage with a multitude of metastases, the patients live one to three years. If competent treatment is carried out, the life span is prolonged for a year or two. Penetration of bone metastases reduces life expectancy to one year.
How to increase the chances of survival?
The method of treatment of a patient depends on the stage of tumor development, age and general health, patient preferences. First of all, the diagnosis is carried out.
Until recently, traditional treatment for prostate cancer was limited in two ways: removal of the prostate gland and external (radiotherapy) or internal (brachytherapy) irradiation. The methods are quite effective, but they cause side effects that negatively affect the quality of life. Among them:
- problems with urination (incontinence or difficulty);
- inflamed bladder or rectum;
- worse sexual desire.
A complex abdominal operation is performed, the prostate gland and testicles are completely removed, the urinary tracts are reconnected to the bladder. After the operation, a pathological analysis of the removed tissue is performed, which allows you to evaluate the chances of life.
After the operation, hospitalization is required, sometimes a blood transfusion is necessary, and a catheter should be worn for three weeks. Because of possible complications for older men, surgery is not recommended. There are side effects: urination is disrupted - 5% and an erection - about 70%.
Inside the prostate is introduced a source of radioactive radiation. It is used in the early stages to treat localized forms of cancer. The method was first applied in 1910. American clinics claim that 79% of patients live for the next 10 years. Side effects after brachytherapy are minimal: urinary incontinence - no more than 4%, impotence - no more than 15%. A few days later the patient begins to live a normal life.
It is used for the destruction of a tumor localized within the prostate, when surgical intervention is contraindicated. The patient is given an ultrasound probe that transmits a three-dimensional image. The rays pass through the entire prostate gland, destroying it completely.
The procedure lasts 2-4 hours, with a normal outcome the patient is discharged the next day. There may be minor pain that quickly passes, some complications associated with urination, urethra, bladder.
It is used for combined treatment, it combines well with other methods, complements them. It is held 5 times a week for 7-8 weeks. Doses of radiation are small in order to minimize harm to healthy tissues. Complications are less common: erections - up to 50%, urination - up to 4%. Doctors often recommend this method to older men.
Radiosurgical treatment with the use of Cyberknife
This is a modern alternative to surgery, has the following advantages:
- painless and bloodless method without side effects;
- healthy tissues are damaged minimally;
- the most accurate radiation direction in small doses;
- It is available for severe patients who are contraindicated in surgery;
- do not apply anesthesia.
Among other treatments, traditional medicine also uses chemotherapy and hormone therapy.
Traditional methods of treatment
The use of folk methods implies the normalization, in the first place, of nutrition. The diet should be:
- dairy products, vegetables, fruits, greens;
- low-fat sea fish;
- animal fats, spices, spices - use minimally;
- to exclude fried dishes and smoked products;
- abandon conservation, red meat, smoking, alcohol.
A warm aqueous soda solution is drunk before eating. Such an alkaline solution does not allow cancer cells to grow, slows down the development of the disease. It is not used for diabetes or ulcerative diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment with milk whey
Serum contains minerals and amino acids that help restore immunity. The substances contained in it actively suppress glutathione, which promotes the reproduction of cancer cells. One glass a day increases the therapeutic effect of chemotherapy.
Treatment with apricot bones
In apricot bones there is a lot of vitamin B17 with anti-cancer properties. Used as a tincture.
Many oncologists recognize the healing effect of the use of herbs. To treat cancer, wormwood and celandine are the most suitable, which to a large extent limit the growth of the oncocells.
Dry wry wormwood insist 40 minutes on a glass of boiling water, filter, store in the dark. In a day, take 3 drops of 15 drops before eating with water. After 10 days, take a break for 2 weeks.
Gather a flowering celandine, finely sliced, put in a liter jar, poured with medical alcohol, 2 weeks insist in a dark place. Take first 5 drops per day in the first week. Each next dose is doubled and brought to 50. The course of treatment is 6 months in the absence of intoxication.
Folk remedies do not heal completely, but their combination with traditional medicine will ease the course of the disease. Traditional medicine in combination with folk methods is capable, if not cured completely, then at least To slow prostate cancer, the prognosis of survival in this case is in most cases positive..