Benign kidney lesions are common. This is due to the susceptibility of the urinary system.Kidney angiomyolipomadevelops due to the defeat of mesenchymal tissue. It is based on the developed circulatory system and smooth muscles.
Causes of appearance
Experts can discuss the pathogenesis of the disease indefinitely. To date, the mechanism of development of this tumor remains unexplored, so it is unknown whether renal involvement is related to acquired form or is a congenital malformation.
Kidney angiomyolipoma - is it cancer?
The urinary system often suffers from benign and malignant formations. The most common type of disease is angiomyolipoma. The size of the tumor can vary between 1-20 mm. Women are more affected by the disease (4 times more common than men). In 75% of all cases, one kidney is affected.
Angiomyolipoma is not a cancer, but a good-quality education. The likelihood of its growth into a malignant process is minimal. Timely initiation of treatment guarantees rapid elimination of the tumor and associated complications.
The first signs of a tumor
It is almost impossible to independently recognize the presence of a tumor. It is difficult to feel the first signs. The severity of the clinical picture is minimal, and nonspecific symptoms are observed. A person can feel slight discomfort in the abdominal cavity, lumbar region, weakness, it is disturbed by insignificant bloody impurities in the urine. When you feel your back at the location of the kidneys there is a condensation, and the skin begins to turn pale. Very rarely there are jumps in blood pressure.
Most formations are not accompanied by severe symptoms. 80% of patients do not. If the tumor size does not exceed 5 cm, there are no clinical manifestations. With an increase in diameter, there is pain in the lumbar region, increased pressure and hematuria. During the rupture of the tumor symptoms are pronounced, hemorrhagic shock and signs of an "acute abdomen" are observed.
What is included in the diagnosis?
To make the correct diagnosis a person must undergo a survey. Standard diagnostic procedures are:
- MSCT (multispiral computed tomography);
- Angiographic examination;
- Puncture biopsy.
Ultrasound is informative for small formations. It is extremely rare, often replaced by MSCT. This is a more accurate method of investigation, through which a qualitative image is obtained.
Angiography plays an important role before surgery. The technique allows to determine the volume of surgical intervention, to investigate the vessels feeding the tumor.
Puncture biopsy allows to examine a tissue site taken from the affected organ on cancer cells. This procedure determines the histological structure of education.
Treatment of angiomyolipoma of the kidney
To date, there are several most popular types of treatment:
- dynamic observation;
Surgical removal is indicated with rapid development of the tumor. The operation is performed in cases of high risk of rupture of education with the subsequent development of retroperitoneal bleeding.
If angiomyolipoma is small, dynamic monitoring of its development is carried out.
Drug therapy is symptomatic. It is often used to reduce the clinical symptoms of the disease. There is no exact treatment tactic. The scheme of therapy is developed on an individual basis for each individual case.
Can I treat kidney angiomyolipoma with folk methods?
The use of traditional medicine in formations of any type is unacceptable. Self-medication in most cases leads to an aggravation of the situation. Independent attempts to stop the progression of the disease, on the contrary, accelerate the process of its development. Wrong methods of treatment can lead to death.
With the development of this clinical picture, it is recommended to visit an experienced specialist for carrying out diagnostic activities and setting an optimal treatment regimen.
Benign kidney formation is removed without any problems. The tumor is in the connecting capsule, so its elimination does not take much effort. After removal, the person returns to the habitual way of life. Surgical removal of pathology ends with a favorable prognosis. In many cases, there is complete recovery with a minimal risk of relapse.
Can kidney angiomyolipoma go to cancer?
Many benign tumors tend to transition to a malignant form, but this neoplasm is not malignant. Such formation practically does not transform into a malignant structure, thanks to which it is possible to completely protect human life by completely removing the tumor.
Due to the fact that the disease is more common in women, it is recommended that patients undergo a systematic examination of the kidneys. Detection of the disease at an early stage increases the likelihood of a positive outcome.
Kidney angiomyolipomadoes not belong to the number of deadly cancers. Correctly selected treatment scheme accelerates the process of full recovery without the appearance of serious complications..