Lymphostasis of the extremities: how quickly to eliminate?
LendostasisIs a chronic or acute stasis of lymph, which is predominantly observed in the lower limbs. This condition is characterized by the stopping of lymph flow in the vessels of the legs, which in turn manifests a progressive swelling. This pathology, according to the statistics, is five times more common in women than in men.
Without proper treatment,landmestostasisonly grows and over time can lead to a pathological thickening of the legs in the form of elephantiasis.
Why limbostasis of limbs is formed?
Termination of lymph flow in the vessels can be caused by such factors:
- The growth of malignant neoplasm in some cases is accompanied by a mechanical overlap of the lumen of the vessels.
- Acute renal and heart failure.
- Varicose veins in the stage of decompensation.
Lymphatic stasis, among other things, stops the excretion of slag and byproducts of tissue metabolism.
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Symptoms of lymphostasis in the lower limbs
Lymphostasis of the lower limbs consistently goes through three stages:
This stage is considered to be reversible. Edema with lymphedema affects the ankle, the back surface of the foot and the base of the finger phalanx. The increase in the volume of soft tissues during palpation does not cause painful sensations and on the surface of the skin it can be folded. Such swelling after a few hours in the horizontal position is significantly reduced or completely pass.
In other words - irreversiblelymphostasis. This stage is characterized by the spread of pathological edema from the lower leg to the thigh with the formation of a dense infiltrate. The finger pressing on the swollen tissue causes the formation of a craterial depression, which persists for several minutes. For patients with fibredema such lymphostasis of the extremities delivers considerable problems in the form of pain and deformity of the leg. The prolonged vertical position of such patients can provoke cramps.
This stage can take a long time. In this case, the skin covers in the affected area acquire a cyanotic shade.
- Elephantism or elephant legs:
It is considered the final stage of lymphostasis, in which the growth of connective tissue occurs. As a result, the lower extremities thicken 2-3 times from the original size.
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Diagnosis of lymphostasis of the extremities
Lymphostasis of the extremitiesis a symptom of the disease or its consequence, and not an independent nosological unit. Therefore, the diagnosis of lymphatic stasis in the lower limbs, in the first place, is aimed at finding out the root cause. To establish a definitive diagnosis, doctors resort to such methods:
- Ultrasound diagnosis: in oncology and phlebology, US-diagnostics is widely used because of its simplicity, safety and accessibility.
- Radiography: the basic method of determining the pathology of the internal organs of man is still roentgenology.
- Biopsy of the affected body: collection of biological material for cytological and Histological examination is performed only in case of suspicion of malignant neoplasm.
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Treatment of lymphostasis of the extremities
The therapy of swelling of the extremities occurs in the following directions:
- The primary cause of lymphostasis.
- Leg compaction.
Medical measures in such cases consist of physical and medicamental effects.
Patients are advised to place the affected limb at an elevated position at night. An effective anti-lymphostasis is professional foot massage, which helps to eliminate swelling by removing excess fluid. Massaging the legs can also be carried out using a special apparatus.
Doctors-surgeons also recommend such patients to apply regular bandaging of the feet.
With lymphostasis of the extremities, most specialists prescribe drugs-phlebotonics, which promote drainage of the affected organ and enhance microcirculation. Another group of drugs that are used for lymphostasis are homeopathic remedies. The pharmacological action of such drugs is aimed at stimulating metabolic processes and removing free radicals from the body. Also, the complex anti-edema therapy includes diuretics, which reduce the volume of the lower limbs by increasing the frequency of urination.
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Can limbostasis of limbs be treated with folk remedies?
Traditional medicine for the treatment of lymphostasis uses compresses, which include onions and birch tar. Preparation of such a means includes applying to a bandage fabric a baked onion cooked with the addition of tar. Fixing such a compress takes place at night. The therapeutic course is approximately 2-3 months.
To date, the use of leeches is an effective technique for reducing leg edema during or after treatment of cancer. Thus, whenlymphostasis of the extremitiesgirudoterapevty recommend to impose on the affected area of 3-5 leeches. The course of treatment, as a rule, takes up to ten sessions with frequency: once a week..